Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous || Next >> |
Relief for convulsive syndrome
Treatment of the convulsive syndrome should be started when the first convulsive contractions appear, laying the child in bed so that there is no sticking of the tongue, trauma during convulsions.
Introduce seduxen (relanium) intramuscularly or intravenously (0.5% solution) up to 3 months - 0.3-0.5 ml; from 3 months to 1 year - 0.5-1 ml, from 3 to 5 years - 1.0-1.5 ml; schoolchildren - 2-3 ml. If necessary, the introduction of the drug can be repeated after 30-60 minutes.
Introduce droperidol intravenously or intramuscularly (0.25% solution) from 0.5-1.5 mg / kg, GHB, intravenously, by injection or drip at the rate of 100 mg per 1 kg of mass in a single dose of 0.5 ml of 20% solution per 1 kg of body weight.
Introduce a 25% solution of magnesium sulfate intramuscularly at the rate of 0.2 ml per 1 kg up to one year, 1 ml per 1 year of life (but not more than 10 ml) older than 1 year of life (single).
With prolonged seizures, hormone therapy is recommended. The dose of prednisone is from 2-5 mg per 1 kg of weight per day, hydrocortisone - 10 mg / kg per day.
| << Previous || Next >> |
| = Skip to textbook content = |
Relief for convulsive syndrome
- Hyperthermic Syndrome Care
Do not lower body temperature below 37.5 ° C. Paracetamol is administered orally at a dose of 10-15 mg per 1 kg of body weight or acetylsalicylic acid at a dose of 0.05-0.1 g for the 1st year of life. At a stable temperature above 38 ° C, an intravenous or intramuscular lytic mixture is administered: a 50% analgin solution (0.1 ml for 1 year of a child's life), 2.5% pipolfen solution (0.1 ml for 1 year of life), a solution
- LESSON 5 First aid after heat, sunstroke, fainting, collapse. Principles of assisting in the violation of cerebral circulation.
Purpose: To teach students how to help victims of accidents caused by environmental influences (heat stroke, sunstroke), in cases of cerebrovascular accident and decreased vascular tone. Test questions 1. Heat stroke (pathogenesis, first aid). 2. Sunstroke (pathogenesis, first aid). What are the features of first aid (unlike
- Epilepsy. Etiology. Pathogenesis. Convulsive Giving help. Fugitive equivalents of epileptic seizures. Twilight stupefaction. Trances. Ambulance
Epilepsy is one of the most common diseases of the nervous system, which, due to its characteristic features, presents a serious medical and social problem. Among the children’s population, the frequency of epilepsy is 0.75-1%, of which 65% can live almost without attacks, provided that they undergo an appropriate medical examination and receive appropriate treatment.
- First aid for convulsive and hysterical conditions
Causes and signs of convulsive conditions. Cramps are involuntary muscle contractions. They can occur with neurological and infectious diseases, with some poisoning and violations of water-salt metabolism. Epilepsy - translated from Greek - seizure, "epileptic disease", a disease manifested by convulsive seizures. Symptoms of an epileptic seizure:
- Assisting with neurotoxicosis
Neurotoxicosis is characterized by a variety of clinical manifestations, among which the leading ones are: 1) a hyperthermic state, the child’s body temperature rises to 39 ° C and above; 2) a convulsive (encephalic) state when excitement or depression, convulsions, impaired consciousness, impaired reflex activity are noted; 3) meningial disorders (meningism, violation
- LESSON 16 First aid for burns, frostbite, general cooling. The composition of the first aid kit, the appointment of its main components. Care for the seriously ill and its hygiene.
Purpose: To teach students to determine the degree of burns and frostbite, to effectively provide first aid in these conditions. Students should get practical skills for caring for seriously ill patients, be able to compose a first-aid kit for first aid and know the purpose of its main components. Test questions 1. Prepare for the final test on topics 15-16. 2. The definition of "burn".
- LESSON 8 First-aid treatment for pain: pain in the abdomen, in the lumbar region. Diagnosis of the syndrome of "acute abdomen."
Objective: To teach students to identify the symptoms of "acute abdomen" and provide first aid to such patients. To acquaint students with the main diseases in emergency surgical practice, which are accompanied by the development of the acute stomach syndrome. Test questions 1. What is characteristic of acute surgical diseases of the abdominal organs? What groups are they divided into? What do they understand
- Assisting the patient with vomiting
Purpose To assist the patient with vomiting. Indications Vomiting in the patient. Contraindications None. Equipment 1. Capacity for collecting vomit. 2. Towel. 3. Oilcloth apron - 2 pcs. 4. Rubber gloves. 5. A glass of boiled water. 6. Pear-shaped balloon. 7. Sterile jar with a lid. 8. Disinfectant solutions. 9. Tanks for disinfection. Possible patient problems Concern.
- Goals and objectives in first aid
First aid is help that is provided directly at the place of injury or illness. The importance of knowledge and knowledge of first aid techniques for any person has two aspects. The wounded often die not from injuries, but because the first aid was late, for example: if the artery was damaged, they could not quickly stop the bleeding (with a hand, a tourniquet).
- Assisting with Meningococcemia
With meningococcemia (meningococcal infection), an infectious toxic shock may develop. Emergency care for patients with a suspected generalized form of meningococcal infection begins immediately at home. Levomycetin is administered sodium succinate intramuscularly, in a single dose of 25 thousand units per 1 kg of body weight or benzylpenicillin at the rate of 200-400 thousand units per 1 kg of body weight of a child
- Article 6. Priority of the interests of the patient in the provision of medical care
1. The priority of the interests of the patient in the provision of medical care is realized by: 1) compliance with ethical and moral standards, as well as respectful and humane attitude on the part of medical workers and other employees of a medical organization; 2) providing medical care to the patient, taking into account his physical condition and observing, if possible, cultural and religious traditions
- 10 mistakes in first aid
Imagine that you are walking in the forest and suddenly you were bitten by a rattlesnake. What are you going to do? You may have often seen in movies how a brave hero takes out his penknife, makes an incision at the site of the bite, sucks out the poison and attaches the tourniquet. However, this method is only suitable for the scene in the film. What mistakes do we most often make when we try to give ourselves first aid for bites,