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COMPLICATIONS OF FABRICATIONS

Distinguish:

A. Early complications:

1) general - sepsis;

2) local - a) suppuration of the blisters;

b) acute lymphangitis and lymphadenitis;

c) abscesses and phlegmon;

d) acute purulent arthritis.

B. Late complications:

1) osteomyelitis;

2) trophic ulcers;

B. Consequences of frostbite;

1) obliterating diseases of the vessels of the extremities;

2) neuritis;

3) skin diseases.
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COMPLICATIONS OF FABRICATIONS

  1. Frostbites
    Frostbite is a damage caused by local hypothermia of body tissues. The development of frostbite is promoted by: moist air and wind; alcoholic intoxication, removing the sensitivity of the skin to cold, increasing heat loss due to the expansion of skin vessels; violation of local blood circulation by close clothing and shoes. There are four degrees of frostbite: I - the skin is pale,
  2. Ear conch of frostbite
    Cause Prolonged exposure to low temperature in the ear. Symptoms Symptoms of mild frostbite of the auricle are redness, the formation of vascular spots. The skin is very sensitive and painful to touch. The next degree of frostbite of the auricle is the middle one. It is characterized by swelling of the auricle and the formation of blisters. Symptoms III
  3. Frostbites
    Clinical characteristics of frostbite. Frostbite - damage to tissues caused by exposure to negative or low positive temperatures, in which there is a perversion of neurovascular reactions, impaired blood circulation, impaired tissue metabolism, edema development, secondary necrosis of tissues. Degree frostbite I degree - pallor or cyanosis of the skin, marbling of the vascular
  4. Frostbites
    nose are quite common, there are four degrees of frostbite: • When after thawing there is swelling and cyanosis of the skin; • Formation of bubbles; • Necrosis of the skin and subcutaneous fat; Necrosis of the skin and cartilage. First aid and treatment: it is necessary to restore blood circulation as soon as possible, for this purpose, cautious rubbing of the nose skin with alcohol, vodka,
  5. Frostbites
    This is tissue damage caused by exposure to low temperatures. With the weakening of the body (illness, trauma, prolonged exposure to wind and cold) frostbite can occur even at a temperature of +3 ... + 7 ° С. The distal parts of the extremities, ears and nose are more susceptible to frostbite. Degree frostbite I degree - skin lesions in the form of various circulatory disorders. The skin is pale,
  6. Lecture. Burns, frostbites, electric trauma, 2012
    Burning disease Epidemiology Pathophysiology of local lesions Classification of burns Pathogenesis of burn shock Clinic of burn shock First aid for burns Pathogenesis and clinic of burn toxemia and septicotoxemia Treatment of burn disease Electrical injury. Pathogenesis. Clinic First aid for electric trauma Frostbites Periods and degrees of frostbite First aid and treatment Complications
  7. Frostbite
    Frostbite - tissue damage when exposed to low temperatures, mainly due to atmospheric air. At the heart of the pathogenesis is a prolonged vascular spasm with subsequent thrombosis, which leads to trophic and necrotic disorders in the tissues. Contributing to adverse physical factors: wind, moist air, the duration of exposure to cold, poor body protection clothing,
  8. Frostbite
    Frostbite is the result of local exposure to cold. The leading factors in the pathogenesis of frostbite are a prolonged vascular spasm with microcirculation disturbance and thrombus formation, which leads to trophic disorders. During the frostbite, two periods are identified: hidden and reactive. The latent period is the period of hypothermia. It is impossible to establish the depth of defeat. To suspect frostbite is possible by
  9. Frostbite
    Frostbite is the response of the body to local effects of low ambient temperatures. Predisposing factors Meteorological conditions - low air temperature, - high humidity, - wind. Mechanical obstruction of blood circulation - tight shoes, clothing. Decrease in local tissue resistance - vascular diseases,
  10. Frostbite
    Frostbite is a condition of the body that arises in response to the effects of low temperatures and is characterized by a different depth of tissue damage. Frostbite contributes to unfavorable environmental factors (wind, low temperatures, insufficient protection of the body with clothing, etc.), as well as the state of the child's body (weakness and weak resistance due to illness, insufficient
  11. Question 5. Frostbite
    - tissue damage caused by exposure to low temperatures. Factors contributing to O., include increased air humidity, strong wind, tight, causing blood circulation disorders, shoes and clothing, alcohol intoxication, reduction of the general and local resistance of the body as a result of trauma, blood loss, beriberi, hunger, etc. Frozen limbs are usually subjected to peripheral areas
  12. Lecture. Cold trauma, help with frostbite and hypothermia, 2011
    Definition Classification (according to Kotelnikov) Frostbite Periods of frostbite Clinical signs Treatment principle Pathological hypothermia or general cooling Complications of cold trauma Nursing assistance to victims with cold
  13. Frostbite of the auricles
    Frostbite of the auricles develops under the influence of low temperature. After the reflex spasm of the peripheral cutaneous vessels, their paralytic expansion occurs, stagnant hyperemia occurs with the release of the liquid part of the blood into the affected tissues, which leads to edema, the appearance of blisters and necrosis. There are 4 degrees of frostbite. I degree - there comes a temporary reversible disorder
  14. Frostbite
    Frostbite is the result of local exposure to cold. The leading factor in pathogenesis is vascular changes. Long-term vascular spasm with impaired microcirculation and thrombus formation. which leads to trophic disorders. During the frostbite, two periods are identified: hidden and reactive. The latent period is the period of hypothermia. The depth of defeat can not be established.
  15. Question 46. Frostbite
    - tissue damage caused by exposure to low temperatures. Factors contributing to O., include increased air humidity, strong wind, tight, causing blood circulation disorders, shoes and clothing, alcohol intoxication, reduction in the overall and local resistance of the body as a result of trauma, blood loss, beriberi, hunger, etc. Depending on the conditions of exposure cold secrete
  16. PERIODS AND DEGREES OF FABRICS
    In the clinical course of frostbites, two periods are clearly distinguished: before heating, pre-reactive (or latent) and after heating, reactive. Direct cell damage occurs during the reactive period. Consequently, only after increasing the interstitial temperature and completing the pathophysiological changes can we judge the degree of frostbite. The process of tissue loss sometimes takes up to 5 -
  17. Frostbites
    Defeats caused by the effects of low temperatures can occur not only in the northern regions and not only in winter, but also at other seasons and in southern latitudes (for example, under the influence of dry ice). Leading role in the process of frostbite development is played by prolonged spasm of arterioles due to exposure to low temperatures, then thrombosis develops in them, which aggravates the severity of the disorder
  18. The concept of frostbites, their classification and first aid
    Frostbite - damage to body tissues due to low temperatures. Frostbite contributes to moisture, increased wind, depletion, avitaminosis, tissue compression, anemia. In the development of frostbite, pre-reactive and reactive periods are isolated. In the pre-active period (under the influence of cold) there is a violation of microcirculation, accompanied by spasm of blood vessels. Appears sharp
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