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Acute respiratory failure

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Acute respiratory failure

  1. Acute respiratory failure
    Acute respiratory failure is a violation of the gas exchange between the surrounding air and the circulating blood with the presence of hypoxemia and / or hypercapnia, which develops over a period of time from several minutes to several days. ETHIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS, CLASSIFICATION The normal functioning of the respiratory system depends on the work of many of its components (respiratory center, nerves, muscles, chest,
  2. Acute respiratory failure
    Clinical characteristics of acute respiratory failure Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a pathological condition in which the body cannot provide the necessary amount of oxygen to organs and tissues. A.P. Zilber (1978) defines ONE even easier: the inability of the lungs to turn venous blood into arterial blood. The most common causes of acute respiratory
  3. Acute respiratory failure
    Acute respiratory failure complicates the course of many infectious diseases due to impaired pulmonary ventilation as a result of laryngospasm (tetanus, rabies) and acute inflammation of the larynx (diphtheria, viral croup), respiratory muscle paralysis (botulism, diphtheria), obstructing tracheobronchial and alveolar inflammatory edema (influenza, acute respiratory infections, measles
  4. Acute respiratory failure
    Respiratory failure is a pathological condition in which the normal gas composition of the blood is not supported or its provision is achieved by enhancing external respiration. In 20-30% of cases, acute respiratory failure leads to death. Pathophysiology • Respiratory failure occurs due to a violation of the structure of the alveolar-capillary membrane. • Changes in the membrane
  5. Acute respiratory failure
    Clinical characteristics in acute respiratory failure An important sign of respiratory failure in children is respiratory failure. Respiratory failure is understood as a pathological condition in which external respiration does not provide the normal gas composition of the blood or supports it at the cost of excessive energy costs. Respiratory failure
  6. ACUTE RESPIRATORY FAILURE
    Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a syndrome based on symptoms of impaired external respiration (VFD), which have common anatomical, physiological and biochemical characteristics and lead to insufficient oxygen supply and / or carbon dioxide retention. This condition is characterized by arterial hypoxemia or hypercapnia, or both
  7. ACUTE RESPIRATORY FAILURE
    Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a syndrome based on symptoms of impaired external respiration (VFD), which have common anatomical, physiological and biochemical characteristics and lead to insufficient oxygen supply and / or carbon dioxide retention. This condition is characterized by arterial hypoxemia or hypercapnia, or both
  8. ACUTE RESPIRATORY FAILURE
    Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a state of the body in which external respiration does not provide a normal level of O2 and CO2 in the arterial blood or its maintenance is achieved by excessive enhancement of breathing, i.e., inadequate use of its reserves. They distinguish between primary ONE when pathological changes occur in any part of the external respiration system (respiratory
  9. Acute respiratory failure
    Respiratory failure is a condition in which the respiratory system is not able to provide oxygen and the removal of carbon dioxide, necessary to maintain the normal functioning of the body. Acute respiratory failure is characterized by rapid progression: after a few hours, and sometimes minutes, the patient may die. The main causes of acute
  10. Acute respiratory failure
    Anatomical, physiological and immunological features of newborns and children under the age of 3 years contribute to the development of a number of pulmonary complications. If at the same time there are violations of the gas composition of the blood and (or) external respiration, which have a negative effect on the body, they speak of respiratory failure. There are 2 forms of acute respiratory failure (ONE) - compensated and
  11. Acute respiratory failure
    Mechanisms of circulatory disorders in ARDS. In the early stages of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), cardiac output usually increases in response to stress or as compensation for hypoxemia, but this is less common if the disease is at an advanced stage. The function of one or both ventricles may deteriorate as the pathological process in the lungs increases,
  12. 1.5. ACUTE RESPIRATORY FAILURE (ONE)
    Acute respiratory failure is understood as a syndrome characterized by the development of a patient’s serious state within several minutes, hours or days, due to the mismatch of the capabilities of the external respiration apparatus with the metabolic needs of organs and tissues, at which the maximum tension of the compensatory mechanisms of respiration and blood circulation occurs, followed by their exhaustion.
  13. Acute respiratory failure
    1. Patient A., 54 years old, was admitted to the intensive care unit in an extremely serious condition. Contact is difficult. Sopor. Pulse 120 in min, HELL 70/20 mm Hg Spontaneous breathing, frequency 40 per min. Acrocyanosis. Auscultatory in the lungs, a sharp weakening of vesicular breathing, a mass of moist rales of different sizes in all parts of the lungs. T 35.7 C. According to those accompanying: ill 5 days ago, increased
  14. Acute respiratory failure: diagnosis and principles of intensive care
    1. Methods of restoring the patency of the upper respiratory tract are: 1) Tilting the head 2) Opening the mouth 3) Extending the lower jaw 4) Position of Trendelenburg 5) Mechanical removal of the contents of the mouth and oropharynx Answers: a) all answers are correct; b) correctly 1,2,3; c) correctly 2,3,4; d) correctly 3,4,5; d) correctly 1,4,5. 2. The diffusion capacity of the lungs is not affected by:
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