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nose are quite common, there are four degrees of frostbite:

• When after thawing there is swelling and blueness of the skin;

• Bubble formation;

• Necrosis of the skin and subcutaneous fat;

• Necrosis of the skin and cartilage.

First aid and treatment: it is necessary to restore blood circulation as soon as possible, for this they make careful rubbing of the skin of the nose with alcohol, vodka, camphor alcohol. You can also gently massage the skin of the external nose with a palm or a soft woolen cloth. In the presence of bubbles, rubbing cannot be done; one should not also pierce the bubbles on their own. Frozen skin should be gently wiped with alcohol and a sterile dressing applied. Frostbite 2-4 degrees are treated in the hospital, must be introduced tetanus toxoid. If necessary, antibiotics are prescribed.
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  1. Frostbite
    Frostbite is damage caused by local hypothermia of body tissues. Contribute to the development of frostbite: humid air and wind; alcohol intoxication, which removes the sensitivity of the skin to cold, which increases heat loss due to the expansion of skin vessels; violation of local blood circulation with tight clothes and shoes. There are four degrees of frostbite: I - skin is pale,
  2. Auricle frostbite
    Cause Prolonged exposure to low temperature in the ear. Symptoms Symptoms of mild frostbite of the auricle are redness, the formation of vascular spots. The skin is very sensitive and painfully reacts to touch. The next degree of frostbite of the auricle is average. It is characterized by swelling of the auricle and the formation of blisters. Symptoms III
  3. Frostbite
    Clinical characteristics of frostbite Frostbite - tissue damage that occurs when exposed to negative or low positive temperatures, at which there is a perversion of neurovascular reactions, circulatory disorders, impaired tissue metabolism, the development of edema, secondary tissue necrosis. Degree of frostbite I degree - pallor or cyanosis of the skin, marbling of the vascular
  4. Frostbite
    These are tissue damage as a result of exposure to low temperatures. With the weakening of the body (illness, injury, prolonged exposure to wind and cold) frostbite can occur even at a temperature of +3 ... + 7 ° C. Distal extremities, ears, nose are more susceptible to frostbite. Degree of frostbite I degree - skin lesions in the form of various circulatory disorders. The skin is pale,
  5. Frostbite
    Frostbite - tissue damage when exposed to low temperatures, mainly due to atmospheric air. The basis of the pathogenesis is a long vascular spasm with subsequent thrombosis, which leads to trophic and necrotic disorders in the tissues. Contributing adverse physical factors: wind, humid air, duration of exposure to cold, poor body protection by clothing,
  6. Frostbite
    Frostbite is a result of local exposure to cold. The leading factors in the pathogenesis of frostbite are prolonged vascular spasm with impaired microcirculation and thrombus formation, which leads to trophic disorders. During frostbite, there are two periods - hidden and reactive. The latent period is the period of hypothermia. The depth of the damage cannot be determined. Suspect frostbite can be
  7. Frostbite
    Frostbite - the body's response to local exposure to low ambient temperatures. Predisposing factors. Meteorological conditions - low air temperature, - high humidity, - wind. Mechanical circulatory impairment - tight shoes, clothing. Decrease in local tissue resistance - vascular diseases,
  8. Frostbite
    Frostbite - a condition of the body that occurs in response to exposure to low temperatures and is characterized by varying depth of tissue damage. Adverse environmental factors (wind, low temperatures, insufficient protection of the body by clothes, etc.) and the condition of the child’s body (weakness and weak resistance due to illness, insufficient
  9. Question 5. Frostbite
    - tissue damage caused by exposure to low temperatures. The factors contributing to O. include high humidity, high winds, tight, circulatory disturbance, shoes and clothing, alcohol intoxication, a decrease in the general and local resistance of the body as a result of injury, blood loss, avitaminosis, hunger, and others.
  10. Frostbite of auricles
    Frostbite of the ears develops under the influence of low temperature. After reflex spasm of peripheral skin vessels, their paralytic expansion occurs, congestive hyperemia occurs with the release of the liquid part of the blood into the affected tissues, which leads to edema, blistering and necrosis. There are 4 degrees of frostbite. I degree - temporary reversible disorder occurs
  11. Frostbite
    Frostbite is a result of local exposure to cold. The leading factor in the pathogenesis is vascular changes. Prolonged vascular spasm with impaired microcirculation and thrombus formation. leading to trophic disorders. During frostbite, there are two periods - hidden and reactive. The latent period is the period of hypothermia. The depth of the lesion can not be established.
  12. Question 46. Frostbite
    - tissue damage caused by exposure to low temperatures. The factors contributing to O. include high humidity, strong wind, tight shoes and clothing causing disturbance of blood circulation, alcohol intoxication, a decrease in the general and local body resistance as a result of injury, blood loss, vitamin deficiency, hunger, etc. Depending on the exposure conditions cold stand out
    In the clinical course of frostbite, two periods are clearly distinguished: before warming up - pre-reactive (or latent) and after warming - reactive. Direct cell damage occurs during the reactive period. Consequently, only after an increase in the interstitial temperature and the completion of pathophysiological changes can one judge the degree of frostbite. The process of tissue death sometimes takes up to 5 -
  14. Lecture. Burns, frostbite, electrical injuries, 2012
    Burn disease Epidemiology Pathophysiology of local lesions Classification of burns Burn shock shock pathogenesis Burn shock shock clinic Burns first aid Pathogenesis and burn toxemia and septicotoxemia clinic Treatment of burn disease Electric injury. Pathogenesis. Clinic First aid for electric injury Frostbite Periods and degrees of frostbite First aid and treatment Complications
    Distinguish: A. Early complications: 1) general - sepsis; 2) local - a) suppuration of bubbles; b) acute lymphangitis and lymphadenitis; c) abscesses and phlegmon; d) acute purulent arthritis. B. Late complications: 1) osteomyelitis; 2) trophic ulcers; B. The effects of frostbite; 1) obliterating vascular diseases of the limbs; 2) neuritis; 3) skin
  16. Frostbite
    Lesions due to low temperatures can occur not only in northern areas and not only in winter, but also at other times of the year and in southern latitudes (for example, when exposed to dry ice). The leading role in the development of frostbite plays a long spasm of arterioles due to the effects of low temperatures, then thrombosis develops in them, which exacerbates the severity of the disorder.
  17. The concept of frostbite, their classification and first aid
    Frostbite - damage to body tissues due to exposure to low temperatures. Frostbite is promoted by moisture, increased wind, exhaustion, vitamin deficiency, tissue compression, anemia. In the development of frostbite allocate pre-reactive and reactive periods. In the prereactive period (under the influence of cold), there is a violation of microcirculation, accompanied by vasospasm. Appears sharp
  18. Lecture. Cold injury, help with frostbite and hypothermia, 2011
    Definition Classification (according to Kotelnikov) Frostbite Frostbite periods Clinical signs Treatment principle Pathological hypothermia or general cooling Complications of cold injury Nursing care for victims with cold
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