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Liver cirrhosis


Causes
Inflammation or poisoning of the liver, causing healthy cells to degenerate into scar tissue. With the development of pathology, the liver decreases in volume, the number of healthy cells decreases, the portal vein, which transports blood from the digestive tract, narrows. As a result, blood pressure rises in the liver, fluid accumulates in the abdomen and possibly varicose veins in the esophagus.
Cirrhosis is usually the result of prolonged alcohol abuse (more than 5 years, based on the daily border rate of 60 ml of alcohol in men and 20 ml in women). It is accompanied by dropsy of the abdomen, chronic pancreatitis and brain damage. Possible causes of the development of the disease are also viral liver diseases, metabolic disorders, exposure to drugs and chemicals, tropical infections.

Symptoms
With the development of the disease, damage may occur in the brain (hepatitis encephalopathy), which is accompanied by a feeling of fear, panic and severe impairment of consciousness. Cirrhosis can degenerate into a liver tumor.
First aid
It is necessary to consult a doctor. Changes in liver tissue are reversible only in the early stages of the disease. The effects of pathogenic substances, alcohol, chronic inflammatory diseases should be excluded, diet should be adjusted. In severe cases, surgery is performed, obliteration (emptying of varicose veins of the esophagus), liver transplantation.
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Hepatic cirrhosis (“shrinking” of the liver)

  1. Diseases of the liver and biliary system. Hepatitis. Cirrhosis of the liver. Liver cancer. Cholelithiasis.
    1. A 40-year-old woman complains of weakness, jaundice. A history of 2 months. before the disease - blood transfusion. An examination revealed an increase in the liver, an increase in the level of hepatic transaminases. Conclusion 1. liver steatosis 3. obstructive jaundice 2. Botkin’s disease 4. acute viral hepatitis 2. Viral hepatitis C is characterized by 1. high frequency of chronicity 2. parenteral transmission 3.
  2. LIVER CIRROSIS
    The term liver cirrhosis was first proposed by T. N. Laenec (1819), who applied it in his classic monograph containing a description of the pathological picture and some clinical features of the disease. According to the WHO definition (1978), liver cirrhosis should be understood as a diffuse process characterized by fibrosis and a restructuring of the normal architectonics of the liver, leading to
  3. Cirrhosis of the liver
    General information Cirrhosis of the liver is a serious progressive disease leading to liver failure. In the United States, alcohol abuse is the most common cause of cirrhosis. Other causes of liver cirrhosis include CAH (post-necrotic cirrhosis), cholestatic liver disease (biliary cirrhosis, biliary obstruction), chronic right ventricular
  4. Cirrhosis of the liver
    Liver cirrhosis corresponds to the next stage of morphogenesis of chronic hepatitis B progressive course. It is characterized by the formation of parenchymal nodules surrounded by fibrous septa. This leads to a violation of the hepatic architectonics and the vascular system of the liver with the formation of false lobules and intrahepatic anastomoses. One of the main adverse factors in the development of cirrhosis in patients
  5. CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER
    - a chronic progressive disease characterized by proliferation of connective tissue, pathological regeneration of liver tissue and restructuring of the structure of organs, manifested by signs of functional liver failure and portal hypertension, expressed to varying degrees. The main clinical manifestations Aching pain in the right hypochondrium, sometimes jaundice, weakness, decreased
  6. CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER
    Liver cirrhosis is a chronic disease with degeneration and necrosis of the hepatic parenchyma, with the development of enhanced regeneration with a diffuse prevalence of stroma, the progressive development of connective tissue, the complete restructuring of the lobular structure, the formation of pseudo-lobules, with the violation of microcirculation and the gradual development of portal hypertension. Cirrhosis of the liver is very common
  7. Cirrhosis of the liver
    LIVER CIRROSIS (CP) is a chronic progressive diffuse polyetiological disease with damage to hepatocytes, fibrosis and a rearrangement of the architectonics of the liver, leading to the formation of structurally abnormal regenerative nodes, portal hypertension and the development of liver failure. Liver cirrhosis - the final stage of inflammatory-necrotic and degenerative necrotic processes
  8. Cirrhosis of the liver
    With cirrhosis of the liver, a diffuse violation of the architectonics of the liver is noted. The organ parenchyma is penetrated by a large number of nodules (regenerates), consisting of hepatocytes and separated from each other by uneven and anastomosing (septal) layers of fibrous tissue. Both nodules and fibrous layers have different sizes and thickness depending on the form of cirrhosis. All this is the result.
  9. Cirrhosis of the liver (code K 74)
    Definition Liver cirrhosis is the final stage of its chronic diseases, characterized by a violation of the architectonics of the lobular structure of the organ parenchyma, fibrosis, regeneration nodes (morphologically), syndromes of liver cell failure, portal hypertension (clinically). Statistics. Pathological prevalence in Russia is 20-35 cases per 100,000 in various regions
  10. CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER
    Liver cirrhosis is a chronic disease with degeneration and necrosis of the hepatic parenchyma, with the development of enhanced regeneration with a diffuse prevalence of stroma, the progressive development of connective tissue, the complete restructuring of the lobular structure, the formation of pseudo-lobules, with the violation of microcirculation and the gradual development of portal hypertension. Cirrhosis of the liver is very common
  11. 68. CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER
    Liver cirrhosis - a chronic pathology of the liver with the gradual death of hepatocytes, widespread fibrosis and regenerate nodules, gradually replacing the parenchyma; accompanied by a lack of hepatocyte function and a change in blood flow to the liver, which leads to jaundice, portal hypertension and ascites. Causes • Alcoholism • Viral hepatitis (B, C, D) • Inherited diseases • Drugs and toxins •
  12. 5.14. CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER AND ITS COMPLICATIONS
    Compensated liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class A) - Basic therapy and elimination of dyspepsia symptoms: pancreatin (creon, pancytrate, mezim and other analogues) 3-4 times a day before meals, one dose, course - 2-3 weeks. Antiviral therapy is possible (see chronic viral hepatitis). Subcompensated liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class B) - Diet with restriction
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