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FIRST AID FOR ELECTRIC INJURY
First aid for the defeat of electricity should be immediately, at the scene. First of all, it is necessary to release the victim from the action of electric current, since due to loss of consciousness or convulsive contraction of muscles, he often cannot independently detach himself from the wire. It is important to remember about the danger of electric shock of the rescuer. It is necessary, if possible, to turn off the current switch or another way. If this is not possible, it is necessary to cut the wires going to the victim, each separately, using an ax or a spade with a wooden dry handle or any other insulated tool. If the current cannot be disconnected, the victim should be dragged from the wire by holding dry clothes and not touching the body or metal parts of the clothes. To avoid bipolar defeat, it is necessary to act with one hand. For greater security, you need to isolate yourself from the ground, standing on a dry plank, rubber mat, etc. When a high-voltage wire falls to the ground, in order to avoid being hit by step voltage, it is necessary to approach the victim either in small steps or by jumping on closed legs.
In severe electric injury, clinical death or “imaginary death” is often observed. Resuscitation with electric shock, as a rule, are more effective than with any other form of sudden death. It is necessary to persistently carry out mechanical ventilation and closed heart massage, sometimes for quite a long time (up to 30-40 minutes) necessary for the functional restoration of the centers of the medulla oblongata. Upon the arrival of the ambulance car, it becomes possible to carry out electrical defibrillation, which is one of the most effective resuscitation measures for electric shock.
All victims of electrical current, even in satisfactory condition, should be hospitalized. Further treatment is carried out syndromically, in accordance with the clinic of the particular victim.
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FIRST AID FOR ELECTRIC INJURY
- First aid for electrical injuries
Damage caused by the action of electric current or lightning (discharge of atmospheric electricity) is called an electrical injury. Electrical trauma causes local and general disorders in the body. Local changes are manifested by burns of tissue in the places of entry and exit of electric current, often very deep, of 3-4 degrees of weight. Common phenomena - convulsive muscle contractions, loss of consciousness, depression
- SESSION 10 First aid for acute poisoning. The concept of "foodborne diseases". First aid for vomiting, hiccups, diarrhea, constipation. Clinic of botulism.
Objective: To teach students to diagnose and first aid in acute poisoning. To characterize the main drugs used in the provision of emergency assistance for poisoning. Test questions 1. What is called poisoning, what kind of poisoning does it take, what usually causes poisoning? 2. Types of predominant action of substances. What substances belong to these types? 3. Rules
- SESSION 5 First pre-medical aid in case of thermal, sunstroke, fainting, collapse. Principles of assistance in violation of cerebral circulation.
Objective: To teach students to assist victims in accidents caused by exposure to the environment (heat, sunstroke), in violation of cerebral circulation and reduction of vascular tone. Test questions 1. Heat stroke (pathogenesis, first aid). 2. Sunstroke (pathogenesis, first aid). What are the features of first aid (unlike
- RENDERING FIRST MEDICAL ASSISTANCE IN ELECTRO-INJURY, DECOMPOSITION, HEAT AND SOLAR IMPACT
When exposed to electric current, local and general changes in the body occur. Local changes are characterized by the appearance of so-called electro-electrocution - burns in the form of yellowish-brown or whitish spots. General changes are associated with the inhibitory effect of electric current on the central nervous, cardiovascular and respiratory systems. This may cause loss of consciousness, convulsions,
- Emergency and intensive care for electric shock, drowning and mechanical asphyxia
1. The severity and outcome of electric shock depend on internal and external factors: 1) Fatigue 2) Alcohol intoxication 3) Chronic diseases 4) Hyperproduction of the thyroid gland 5) Overheating and excessive sweating Answer: a) correct 2,3,5; b) correctly 1,2,4; c) correctly 3,4,5; d) everything is correct. 2. The severity and outcome of electric shock depends on the loop of its passage. Most
- SESSION 9 First pre-medical aid in case of fever. Thermometry technique. Emergency care for infectious diseases, their prevention. Patient care (gastric lavage, enema). Curation of patients.
Objective: To teach students how to diagnose febrile states and how to provide first aid. To acquaint with the main infectious diseases and measures for their prevention. To teach practical skills in patient care and the basics of supervision. Test questions 1. What is called fever? The clinical picture. The degree of increase in body temperature. 2. Tell us about the method of thermometry.
- First aid for injuries. Basic concepts about emergency care and requirements for it
The restoration of health, and sometimes the preservation of life, may depend to a great extent on the timely provision of first aid. "Emergency medical care" is a broad concept and includes the elimination or weakening of the impact of harmful factors that aggravate the development of the disease, and measures to restore the health of the victim. Emergency medical assistance in the military
- SESSION 16 First pre-medical help for burns, frostbite, general cooling. The composition of the first aid kit, the appointment of its main components. Care for seriously ill patients and their hygiene.
Objective: To teach students to determine the degree of burns and frostbite, effectively provide first aid in these conditions. Students must acquire practical skills in the care of severely ill patients, be able to draw up a first-aid kit and first-aid kit, and know the purpose of its main components. Test questions 1. Prepare for the final test on topics 15-16. 2. Definition of "burn".
- First aid for hiccups
Hiccup - involuntary, usually stereotypically repeated inhalation, accompanied by a peculiar sound, due to the clonic contraction of the diaphragm (can be single or within hours, weeks). In healthy people, the cause of hiccups is a dry meal. In pathology, hiccups can be a symptom of a tumor, aortic aneurysm, swollen lymph nodes. More common in patients
- First aid for diarrhea
Diarrhea (diarrhea) - frequent or single emptying of the intestine with the release of liquid fecal masses. The most common causes are infectious diseases, toxic changes, pancreatitis, kidneys, etc. The frequency and nature of the stool: - night diarrhea - always organic (that is, the disease); - morning - functional. • First aid: 1. 0.1% 0.3 ml s / c atropine sulfate. 2. T. Bekarbon
- FIRST AID IN ACCIDENTS
Traumatic injuries. Traumatic injuries can be closed and open. Closed are those damage in which the integrity of the skin is not broken. This type of damage includes bruises, sprains, sprains and fractures. Damage in which there is a violation of the integrity of the skin (or mucous membranes) is called open. This type of damage includes
- Abstract. First aid for fractures., 2009
First aid for bone fractures, General information, The procedure for rendering