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EMERGENCY FIRST AID

First aid in case of electric shock should be provided immediately, at the scene. First of all, it is necessary to release the victim from the action of electric current, because because of loss of consciousness or convulsive contraction of muscles, he often can not independently tear himself away from the wire. At the same time, it is important to remember the danger of electric shock to the lifesaver. It is necessary, if possible, to disconnect the current by a switch or other means. If this is not possible, we must cut the wires going to the victim, each separately, using an ax or shovel with a wooden dry handle or any other insulated tool. If you can not turn off the current, you need to pull the victim from the wire, taking on dry clothes and not touching the body or metal parts of clothing. In order to avoid a bipolar defeat, one should act with one hand. For greater security, we must isolate ourselves from the ground by standing on a dry board, rubber mat, etc. When a high-voltage wire falls to the ground, in order to avoid a step-voltage shock, it is necessary to approach the victim either with small steps or with jumps on closed legs.


In severe electrical trauma, a clinical death or "imaginary death" is often observed. Resuscitation measures with electric trauma, as a rule, are more effective than with any other form of sudden death. It is necessary to persistently carry out mechanical ventilation and closed heart massage, sometimes for a sufficiently long time (up to 30-40 minutes), necessary for functional recovery of the centers of the medulla oblongata. Upon the arrival of the ambulance, it becomes possible to conduct an electric defibrillation, which is one of the most effective resuscitation measures in electric trauma.

All victims of electric current, even when in satisfactory condition, must be hospitalized. Further treatment is done in a syncope, according to the clinic of the particular victim.
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EMERGENCY FIRST AID

  1. First medical aid in electric trauma
    Damage caused by the action of electric current or lightning (the discharge of atmospheric electricity) is called electric trauma. Electrotrauma causes local and general disorders in the body. Local changes are manifested by tissue burns at the entrance and exit points of the electric current, often very deep, of the 3rd to 4th degree of gravity. Common phenomena - convulsive muscle contractions, loss of consciousness, oppression
  2. LESSON 10 First aid for acute poisoning. The concept of "food-borne diseases". First aid for vomiting, hiccups, diarrhea, constipation. Clinic of botulism.
    Purpose: To teach students diagnosis and first aid in acute poisoning. Give a description of the main drugs used in emergency care for poisoning. Control questions 1. What is called poisoning, what are the poisoning that usually causes poisoning? 2. Types of preferential action of substances. What substances belong to these types? 3. Rules
  3. LESSON 5 First aid for a warm, sunny impact, fainting, collapse. Principles of providing care for cerebral circulation disorders.
    Purpose: To teach students to provide assistance to victims in case of accidents caused by environmental influences (heat, sunstroke), in cases of cerebral circulation disorders and a decrease in vascular tone. Control questions 1. Heat stroke (pathogenesis, first aid). 2. Sunstroke (pathogenesis, first aid). What are the features of first aid (in contrast to
  4. RENDERING OF FIRST MEDICAL ASSISTANCE IN ELECTROTRAMS, RECOVERY, HEAT AND SOLAR SHOCK
    When exposed to an electric current, there are local and general changes in the body. Local changes are characterized by the appearance of so-called electromotor - burns in the form of yellowish-brown or whitish spots. General changes are associated with the depressing effect of electric current on the central nervous, cardiovascular and respiratory systems. In this case, loss of consciousness, convulsions,
  5. Emergency and intensive care for electrical trauma, drowning and mechanical asphyxiation
    1. The severity and outcome of an electric shock depends on internal and external factors: 1) Fatigue 2) Alcoholic intoxication 3) Chronic diseases 4) Hyperproduction of the thyroid gland 5) Overheating and increased sweating Answer: a) correctly 2,3,5; b) it is correct 1,2,4; c) correctly 3,4,5; d) everything is correct. 2. The severity and outcome of an electric shock depends on the loop of its passage. Most
  6. LESSON 9 First aid for fever. Method of thermometry. Emergency care for infectious diseases, their prevention. Care of the patient (a technique of washing of a stomach, statement of enemas). Curation of patients.
    Purpose: To teach students the diagnosis of fever and the rules of first aid. To acquaint with the basic infectious diseases and measures on their preventive maintenance. Teach practical skills in caring for the patient and the basics of supervision. Control questions 1. What is called a fever? Clinical picture. The degree of increase in body temperature. 2. Tell us about the thermometry technique.
  7. First aid for trauma. Basic concepts of emergency medical care and its requirements
    From the timely provision of first aid to a significant extent, the restoration of health, and sometimes the preservation of life, may depend. "Emergency medical care" is a broad concept and includes the elimination or weakening of the effects of harmful factors that aggravate the development of the disease, and measures to restore the health of the victim. Emergency medical care in the military
  8. LESSON 16 First aid for burns, frostbites, general cooling. The first aid kit, the purpose of its main components. Care for the severely ill and his hygiene.
    Purpose: To teach students to determine the degree of burn and frostbite, effectively provide first aid in these conditions. Students should receive practical skills in caring for serious patients, be able to make a first aid kit for first aid and know the purpose of its main components. Control questions 1. Prepare for final control work on topics 15-16. 2. Definition of a "burn".
  9. First aid with hiccups
    Hiccups - involuntary, usually stereotypically repeated inspiration, accompanied by a peculiar sound, caused by a clonic contraction of the diaphragm (it may be a single one or for hours, weeks). In healthy people, the cause of hiccups is the intake of dry food. In pathology, hiccups may be a symptom of a tumor, an aortic aneurysm, an enlarged lymph node. More common - occurs in patients
  10. First aid for diarrhea
    Diarrhea (diarrhea) - rapid or single emptying of the intestine with the release of liquid feces. The cause is often infectious diseases, toxic changes, pancreatitis, kidneys, etc. Frequency and nature of the stool: - nocturnal diarrhea - always organic (that is, disease); - Morning - functional. • First aid: 1. 0.1% 0.3 ml of atropine sulfate. 2. T.Bercarbon
  11. FIRST AID AT ACCIDENT CASES
    Traumatic injuries. Traumatic injuries can be closed and open. Closed ones are such damages, in which the integrity of the skin is not broken. This type of damage includes bruises, sprains, dislocations and fractures. Damage in which there is a violation of the integrity of the skin (or mucous membranes), called open. To this type of damage belong
  12. Abstract. First aid for fractures., 2009
    First aid for bone fractures, General information, Procedure for rendering
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