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FIRST AID AT BURNS

First aid for burns is at the scene.

1. Elimination of the effect of the damaging factor.

It is necessary to remove the victim from the fire zone, put out the burning clothes on it, quickly cool the burnt surface.

The best way to extinguish burning clothing is to use a firecloth or its analogs from improvised means (the fabric should not be combustible!). Highly effective means are carbon dioxide fire extinguishers and simple water, which simultaneously quickly cools the burn surface. The use of foam fire extinguishers yields worse results than those indicated, since the foam hinders the subsequent localization of the burn boundaries and the application of the dressing.

The best way to quickly cool the burnt surface is to use cold water (substitute the affected area for a few minutes under a tap of cold tap water, with extensive burns - pour the victim with cold water without taking off his clothes, you can put a clean cloth on the open places, water.

2. Control and correction of respiratory and circulatory functions.

In victims with burns, asphyxia can occur when the upper respiratory tract is affected by hot smoke, poisoning by burning products of plastics and other organic substances. In patients with unconsciousness, tongue twisting, aspiration of vomit masses and foreign bodies is possible. Severe burn and combined injuries can quickly lead to a state of clinical death requiring resuscitation according to generally accepted rules.

3. Struggle with afferent pain impulses.

A categorical rejection of any manipulation on the burn surface! Do not remove or detach clothing from the burn surface.
On the burn wound, you can impose an aseptic bandage. If the upcoming transportation is short, in the ambulance car, the wound can be left open. A good effect results in the application of a bandage moistened with 40-70% ethyl alcohol, which has an analgesic and antiseptic effect, on the burned surface. Unfurnished skin around the burn is also recommended to be treated with alcohol.

The use of narcotic analgesics (morphine, omnopon, promedol) is a highly effective means of preventing burn shock.

4. Prevention of hypovolemia and acute renal failure.

If there is no vomiting, then it is necessary to give sweet tea or coffee or alkaline mineral water, an early evacuation to a stage where parenteral administration of fluids is possible.

5.Heat warming the victim.

Evaporation of water from a burn wound, loss of the heat-insulating role of the skin leads to a rapid supercooling of the burned.

6. Prevention of infectious complications.

The burn wound is always primarily infected. The superimposition of an aseptic dressing on it is mainly aimed at protecting against external physical and mechanical influences.
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FIRST AID AT BURNS

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    There are thermal (high temperature effects), chemical (chemical effects) burns, sunburn burns. Depending on the depth of tissue damage, burns are divided into four stages: 1st degree - damage to the surface layer of the skin. It is manifested by severe pain, redness and swelling. Inflammatory events subsided on the 4-5th day. 2nd degree - defeat more
  2. FIRST AID AT BURNS AND INJURY
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