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FIRST AID FOR BURNS

First aid for burns is at the scene.

1. Elimination of the effect of the damaging factor.

Remove the injured person from the fire area, extinguish burning clothing on him, quickly cool the burned surface.

The best way to extinguish burning clothes is to use a fire stove or its counterparts from improvised means (the fabric should not be flammable!). Highly effective means are carbon dioxide fire extinguishers and simple water, which simultaneously quickly cools the burn surface. The use of foam fire extinguishers gives worse results than the indicated means, since the foam makes it difficult to subsequently localize the burn boundaries and apply a bandage.

The best way to quickly cool a burn surface is to use cold water (substitute the affected place under a stream of cold tap water for a few minutes, if you have extensive burns, pour cold water on the victim without taking off his clothes, you can put a clean sheet abundantly wetted under the faucet with cold water water

2. Control and correction of the functions of external respiration and blood circulation.

In victims of burns, asphyxia can occur if the upper respiratory tract is damaged by hot smoke, poisoning by toxic combustion products of plastics and other organic substances. In patients with unconsciousness, retraction of the tongue, aspiration of vomit and foreign bodies is possible. Severe burns and combined injuries can quickly lead to a state of clinical death requiring resuscitation according to generally accepted rules.

3. Fight against afferent pain impulses.

Categorical rejection of any manipulations on the burn surface! Do not remove clothes and do not try to separate them from the burn surface.
Aseptic dressing can be applied to a burn wound. If the upcoming transportation is short, in an ambulance car, the wound can be left open. A good effect is the imposition of a dressing on the burned surface moistened with 40-70% ethyl alcohol, which has anesthetic and antiseptic effect. Non-affected skin around the burn is also recommended to be treated with alcohol.

The use of narcotic analgesics (morphine, omnopon, promedol) is a highly effective means of preventing burn shock.

4. Prevention of hypovolemia and acute renal failure.

If there is no vomiting, then it is necessary to give to drink sweet tea or coffee or alkaline mineral waters, an early evacuation is necessary to the stage where parenteral administration of liquids is possible.

5. Warming the victim.

The evaporation of water from a burn wound, the loss of the insulating role of the skin leads to a rapid supercooling of the burned.

6. Prevention of infectious complications.

A burn wound is always primarily infected. The imposition of an aseptic dressing on it is more aimed at protecting it from external physical and mechanical influences.
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FIRST AID FOR BURNS

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    There are thermal (exposure to high temperatures), chemical (exposure to chemicals) burns, burns from the sun. Depending on the depth of the tissue damage, burns are divided into four degrees: Grade 1 - damage to the surface layer of the skin. Manifested by severe pain, redness and swelling. Inflammation subsides on the 4-5th day. 2nd degree - defeat more
  2. FIRST AID FOR BURNS AND INJURY EYES
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