home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Restrictive lung disease



Restrictive diseases are characterized by a decrease in lung distensibility. Pulmonary volumes are below normal, while space velocity

expiratory flow is not reduced. Thus, FEV1 and FVC are reduced, but the ratio of FEVc / FVC remains normal.
Restrictive diseases include many acute and chronic pathological conditions of the lungs, as well as lesions of the pleura, chest wall, diaphragm, and impaired neuromuscular transmission. Reducing lung distensibility increases breathing. The breath is shallow and rapid. Gas exchange does not suffer until the disease reaches the stage of pronounced manifestations.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

Restrictive lung disease

  1. Restrictive lung disease
    Causes of restrictive pulmonary pathology Causes of acute restrictive pulmonary pathology: • ???? pulmonary edema; • ???? ARDS; •????aspiration; • ???? neurogenic edema; • ???? overdose of opioids; • ???? congestive myocardial failure; • ???? pleural effusion; •????pneumothorax; • ???? an increase in the mediastinum; • ???? pneumomediastinum. Chronic lung disease leading to restrictive
  2. Obstructive and restrictive pulmonary diseases
    There are two types of diffuse lung lesions. These are obstructive processes that affect mainly the airways and are characterized by an increase in resistance to air passage due to partial or complete obstruction at any level (from the trachea to respiratory bronchioles), and restrictive processes, which are characterized by a decreased expansion of the lung parenchyma during inspiration and,
  3. Diffuse interstitial (infiltrative and restrictive) lung diseases
    In this section of the chapter, a combined group of noncommunicable diseases is described, characterized mainly by diffuse and usually chronic changes that affect mainly the stroma of the lungs, i.e. interstitial tissue of the alveolar walls, consisting of the endothelial basement membrane and epithelial cells, collagen fibers, elastic structures, proteoglycans, fibroblasts,
  4. Chronic diffuse inflammatory diseases of the lungs. Bronchial asthma. Lungs' cancer. Pneumoconiosis
    1. The main types of diffuse lung lesions 1. interstitial 4. small focal 2. obstructive 5. panacinar 3. restrictive 2. Causes of death with obstructive emphysema 1. gas acidosis and coma 2. renal failure 3. left ventricular heart failure 4. right ventricular heart failure 5. collapse of the lungs with spontaneous pneumothorax 3. The most important
  5. LUNG DISEASES. CHRONIC DIFFUSIVE ASTHMA. INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASES. CANCER INFLAMMATORY LUNG DISEASES. Bronchial lung
    LUNG DISEASES. CHRONIC DIFFUSIVE ASTHMA. INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASES. CANCER INFLAMMATORY LUNG DISEASES. BRONCHIAL
  6. CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASES / CHRONIC BRONCHITIS AND LUNG EMPHISEMA /
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a pathological condition characterized by the formation of chronic airway obstruction due to chronic bronchitis / chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and / or pulmonary emphysema / EL /. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is widespread. It is estimated that HB affects about 14–20% of the male and about 3–8% of the female adult population, but only
  7. Chronic non-specific lung diseases
    Chronic non-specific lung diseases (COPD) is a group of lung diseases of various etiologies, pathogenesis and morphology, characterized by the development of chronic cough with sputum production and paroxysmal or persistent breathing difficulties that are not associated with specific infectious diseases, especially pulmonary tuberculosis. Chronic bronchitis,
  8. Chronic diffuse inflammatory lung disease
    in accordance with the functional and morphological features, the lesions of their air-conducting or respiratory departments are divided into three groups: obstructive, restrictive, mixed - obstructive with restrictive disorders or restrictive with obstructive disorders. The combination of restriction with obstruction is observed in the late stages of almost all chronic diffuse
  9. Classification of lung diseases
    It is fundamentally important for an anesthesiologist to separate lung diseases into obstructive diseases associated with impaired air passage through the tracheobronchial tree and restrictive ones, i.e. associated with damage to the pulmonary parenchyma. Restrictive diseases Restrictive diseases of the lungs are associated with impaired compliance (extensibility) of the lung tissue and can be chronic and transient
  10. Chronic lung disease
    This group of pathological conditions is called interstitial lung disease (mechanical ventilation). They are characterized, regardless of the etiology, a gradual onset, chronic inflammation of the alveolar walls and perialveolar tissues, as well as progressive pulmonary fibrosis, which causes disturbances in gas exchange and ventilation. Inflammation may be limited to the lungs or be part of a generalized
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com