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LESSON 16 First aid for burns, frostbite, general cooling. The composition of the first aid kit, the appointment of its main components. Care for the seriously ill and its hygiene.


Purpose: To teach students to determine the degree of burns and frostbite, to effectively provide first aid in these conditions. Students should get practical skills for caring for seriously ill patients, be able to compose a first-aid kit for first aid and know the purpose of its main components.
Control questions
1. Prepare for the final test on topics 15-16.
2. The definition of "burn". Thermal burns. What is called a burn disease? Her stage.
3. The structure of the skin. Degree of burn. The area of ​​the burn. The rule of nines.
4. Burn shock. Toxemia, septicotoxemia. The reason for the critical decrease in blood flow and ICE.
5. First aid and transportation (on site, before transportation, transportation).
6. Local burn treatment (open, closed method).
7. Chemical burns.
Clinic, first aid.
8. Electric burns. Clinic, first aid.
9. Radiation burns. Clinic, first aid.
10. Light burns. Clinic, first aid.
11. Definition, etiology and pathogenesis of frostbite.
12. Classification of frostbite.
13. The clinical picture of frostbite.
14. Treatment of patients with frostbite.
15. Freezing. Clinic. First aid.
16. Indications, contraindications, side effects of drugs approved for use in a “home medicine cabinet” without a doctor’s prescription (over-the-counter)?
17. In the classroom, pass a medical history check.
Assignment for independent work: Based on the knowledge gained on the course "First aid" in a notebook, compose a first-aid kit for first aid and indicate the purpose of its components.
Lecture notes
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LESSON 16 First aid for burns, frostbite, general cooling. The composition of the first aid kit, the appointment of its main components. Care for the seriously ill and its hygiene.

  1. SESSION 9 First aid for febrile illnesses. Thermometry technique. Emergency care for infectious diseases, their prevention. Patient care (gastric lavage, enemas). Curation of patients.
    Purpose: To teach students the diffdiagnosis of febrile conditions and the rules of first aid. To familiarize with the main infectious diseases and measures for their prevention. To teach practical skills in caring for the sick and the basics of supervision. Test questions 1. What is called fever? The clinical picture. The degree of increase in body temperature. 2. Tell us about the method of thermometry.
  2. LESSON 5 First aid after heat, sunstroke, fainting, collapse. Principles of assisting in the violation of cerebral circulation.
    Purpose: To teach students how to help victims of accidents caused by environmental influences (heat stroke, sunstroke), in cases of cerebrovascular accident and decreased vascular tone. Test questions 1. Heat stroke (pathogenesis, first aid). 2. Sunstroke (pathogenesis, first aid). What are the features of first aid (unlike
  3. SESSION 10 First aid in acute poisoning. The concept of "food poisoning". First aid for vomiting, hiccups, diarrhea, constipation. Clinic of botulism.
    Purpose: To teach students the diagnosis and first aid for acute poisoning. Describe the essential drugs used in the provision of emergency care for poisoning. Test questions 1. What is called poisoning, what kind of poisoning happens, what usually causes poisoning? 2. Types of predominant action of substances. What substances are of these types? 3. Rules
  4. LESSON 15 First aid after bleeding. Rules for stopping external bleeding. Technique for performing anterior nasal tamponade. Blood transfusion. Patient care (technique for performing intradermal and intramuscular injections).
    Objective: To teach students to identify symptoms of internal bleeding, to determine the amount of blood loss, to determine the blood group and Rh factor, to master various methods of stopping external bleeding, to perform intravenous, sc, intramuscular injections (from patient care skills). Test questions 1. Bleeding. Definition Classification of bleeding. 2. Signs of arterial, capillary,
  5. The basics of first aid for burns and frostbite
    First aid for burns Burns are thermal - caused by fire, steam, hot objects and substances; chemical - acids and alkalis; electric - by the influence of electric current or electric arc. According to the depth of the lesion, all burns are divided into four degrees: the first is redness and swelling of the skin; the second is water bubbles; the third is skin necrosis; the fourth is carbonization
  6. LESSON 4 First aid after drowning, electric trauma, lightning strike. The practice of caring for the sick (setting cans and mustard plasters).
    Purpose: To check students' knowledge on topics 1-3 (conducting final test work). To teach students how to help victims of accidents caused by environmental influences (drowning, lightning, electric shock). Test questions 1. Prepare for the final test on topics 1-3. 2. What are the features of first aid for
  7. LESSON 1 Subject and tasks of first aid. Methods of clinical examination of the patient and diagnosis of emergency conditions at the prehospital stage.
    Purpose: To study the basics of medical deontology and methods of examining a patient in emergency conditions. To teach students to distinguish between emergency conditions and exacerbations of the course of chronic diseases, to determine the amount of first aid, first aid, first aid, qualified medical care and specialized medical care. Test questions 1. What is meant by
  8. DESCRIPTION OF A FIRST-AID KIT FOR FIRST AID MEASURES IN VESSELS WITHOUT MEDICAL PERSONNEL
    /. Painkillers and antipyretic drugs 1. Analgin 50% solution (2 ml.). 2. Analgin 0.5 (tab.). 3. Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) 0.5 (tab.). 4. Baralgin, spazgan, trigger (amp.). 5. Paracetamol 0.5 (tab.). 6. Promedol, morphine (amp.). 7. Tramal (amp.). 8. Novocaine 0.5% solution (amp.). //. Sedatives (sedatives) 1. Relanium (seduxen) 0.5%
  9. Principles of first aid
    In practical exercises, you will learn some techniques for first aid in emergency conditions. Emergency conditions require immediate intervention, as they threaten a person with either loss of life or disability. There are also states in which first aid can become the only and final one, that is, it will completely relieve the victim of the cause of the accident and open the way
  10. LESSON 18 A test lesson on the course "First Aid".
    Purpose: To check the level of knowledge received by students in the course "First Aid". Plan of a test lesson 1. Control of lecture notes. 2. Control lecture notes. 3. Protection of the course history of the disease. 4. Computer testing of the level of theoretical training. 5. Monitoring the level of acquired practical skills in first aid and patient care (based on
  11. LESSON 6 First aid for allergic reactions. Anaphylactic shock. Quincke's edema. Hives. Drug allergy.
    Objective: To teach students the clinical symptoms of acute allergic reactions and the rules of first aid for such patients. Test questions 1. What types of allergic reactions do you know? 2. Anaphylactic shock: clinic, first aid. 3. Urticaria: clinic, first aid. 4. Quincke's edema: clinic, first aid. 5. Define the term “drug allergy”. Abstract
  12. LESSON 13 First aid for injuries. Closed soft tissue damage. Traumatic brain injuries. Damage to the chest. Transport immobilization for injuries.
    Purpose: To teach students the differentiological diagnosis of various traumatic conditions, the rules of first aid to the victim. Test questions 1. Injury. Definition Classification of injuries. 2. Closed soft tissue damage. Injury. First aid. 3. Stretching. Complaints First aid. 4. The gap. Complaints First aid. 5. The syndrome of prolonged crushing. Pathogenesis. The clinical picture.
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