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SESSION 16 First aid for burns, frostbite, general cooling. The composition of the first aid kit, the purpose of its main components. Care for seriously ill patients and their hygiene.


Objective: To teach students to determine the degree of burns and frostbite, effectively provide first aid in these conditions. Students should acquire practical skills in the care of severely ill patients, be able to draw up a first-aid kit for first aid and know the purpose of its main components.
test questions
1. Prepare for the final control work on topics 15-16.
2. Definition of "burn". Thermal burns. What is called a burn disease? Her stage.
3. The structure of the skin. The degree of burn. Burn area The rule of nines.
4. Burn shock. Toxemia, septicotoxemia. The reason for the critical reduction in blood flow and DIC.
5. First aid and transportation (on-site, before transportation, transportation).
6. Local burn treatment (open, closed method).
7. Chemical burns.
Clinic, first aid.
8. Electrical burns. Clinic, first aid.
9. Radiation burns. Clinic, first aid.
10. Light burns. Clinic, first aid.
11. Definition, etiology and pathogenesis of frostbite.
12. Classification of frostbite.
13. Clinical picture of frostbite.
14. Treatment of patients with frostbite.
15. Freezing. Clinic. First aid.
16. Indications, contraindications, side effects of drugs allowed for use in the "home first aid kit" without a doctor's prescription (over-the-counter)?
17. In class, pass on to check the history of the disease.
Tasks for independent work: Based on the knowledge gained from the course “First Aid” in a notebook, make a first aid kit and indicate the purpose of its components.
Lecture notes
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SESSION 16 First aid for burns, frostbite, general cooling. The composition of the first aid kit, the purpose of its main components. Care for seriously ill patients and their hygiene.

  1. SESSION 9 The first pre-medical aid in cases of fever. Thermometry technique. Emergency care for infectious diseases, their prevention. Patient care (gastric lavage, enema). Curation of patients.
    Objective: To teach students how to diagnose febrile states and how to provide first aid. To acquaint with the main infectious diseases and measures for their prevention. To teach practical skills in patient care and the basics of supervision. Test questions 1. What is called fever? Clinical picture. The degree of increase in body temperature. 2. Tell us about the method of thermometry.
  2. SESSION 5 First aid before thermal, sunstroke, fainting, collapse. Principles of assistance in violation of cerebral circulation.
    Objective: To teach students to assist victims in accidents caused by exposure to the environment (heat, sunstroke), in violation of cerebral circulation and reduction of vascular tone. Test questions 1. Heat stroke (pathogenesis, first aid). 2. Sunstroke (pathogenesis, first aid). What are the features of first aid (unlike
  3. SESSION 10 First aid for acute poisoning. The concept of "food poisoning". First aid for vomiting, hiccups, diarrhea, constipation. Clinic of botulism.
    Objective: To teach students diagnosis and first aid for acute poisoning. To characterize the main drugs used in the provision of emergency assistance for poisoning. Test questions 1. What is called poisoning, what kind of poisoning does it take, what usually causes poisoning? 2. Types of predominant action of substances. What substances belong to these types? 3. Rules
  4. SESSION 15 First aid for bleeding. Rules stop external bleeding. Technique of anterior tamponade nose. Blood transfusion. Patient care (methods for performing intracutaneous and intramuscular injections).
    Objective: To teach students to identify the symptoms of internal bleeding, determine the volume of blood loss, determine the blood group and Rh factor, own various methods of stopping external bleeding, perform a / c, subc / c, in / m injection (from patient care skills). Test questions 1. Bleeding. Definition Bleeding classification. 2. Signs of arterial, capillary,
  5. Basics of first aid for burns and frostbite
    First aid for burns Burns are thermal - caused by fire, steam, hot objects and substances; chemical - acids and alkalis; electric - by electric current or electric arc. By the depth of the lesion, all burns are divided into four degrees: the first is redness and swelling of the skin; the second is water bubbles; the third is the death of the skin; fourth - charring
  6. SESSION 4 First aid for drowning, electric shock, lightning. Practice in patient care (setting cans and mustard plaster).
    Objective: To test students' knowledge on topics 1-3 (conducting the final test). Teach students to assist victims in accidents caused by exposure to the environment (drowning, lightning, electrical shock). Test questions 1. Prepare for the final test on topics 1-3. 2. What are the features of first aid at
  7. SESSION 1 Subject and tasks of the first pre-medical aid. Methods of clinical examination of the patient and the diagnosis of emergency conditions at the prehospital stage.
    Objective: To study the basics of medical ethics and methods for examining a patient in emergency conditions. Teach students to distinguish between urgent conditions and exacerbations of chronic diseases, determine the amount of first aid, first aid, first aid, qualified medical care and specialized medical care. Test questions 1. What is meant by
  8. DESCRIPTION OF FIRST-AID KITS FOR FIRST MEDICAL AID ON SHIPS WITHOUT MEDICAL PERSONNEL
    /. Analgesic and antipyretic drugs 1. Analgin 50% rr (2 ml.). 2. Analgin 0.5 (tab.). 3. Acetylsalicylic to-that (aspirin) 0,5 (tab.). 4. Baralgin, spazgan, trigan (amp.). 5. Paracetamol 0.5 (tab.). 6. Promedol, morphine (amp.). 7. Tramal (amp.). 8. Novocain 0,5% rr (amp.). //. Sedatives (sedatives) 1. Relanium (seduxen) 0,5%
  9. Principles of first aid
    In practical classes you will learn some of the techniques for first aid in emergency situations. Emergency conditions require immediate intervention, as they threaten a person with either loss of life or disability. There are also states in which first aid can become unique and final, i.e., it will completely relieve the victim from the cause of the misfortune and open the way
  10. SESSION 18 Test lesson in the course “First Aid”.
    Objective: To check the level of knowledge gained by students in the course “First Aid». Grade plan 1. Control lecture notes. 2. Control of abstracts of occupations. 3. Protection of the course history of the disease. 4. Computer testing of theoretical level. 5. Control of the level of practical skills in first aid and patient care (based on
  11. SESSION 6 First aid for allergic reactions. Anaphylactic shock. Quincke swelling. Hives. Drug allergies.
    Objective: To teach students the clinical symptoms of acute allergic reactions and the rules for first aid in such patients. Test questions 1. What types of allergic reactions do you know? 2. Anaphylactic shock: clinic, first aid. 3. Urticaria: clinic, first aid. 4. Quincke's edema: clinic, first aid. 5. Give the definition of "drug allergy." Abstract
  12. SESSION 13 First aid for injuries. Closed soft tissue damage. Traumatic brain injury. Chest damage. Transport immobilization for injuries.
    Objective: To teach students how to diagnose various traumatic conditions and how to provide first aid to an injured person. Test questions 1. Trauma. Definition Classification of injuries. 2. Closed soft tissue damage. Injury. First aid. 3. Stretching. Complaints. First aid. 4. The gap. Complaints. First aid. 5. Prolonged crush syndrome. Pathogenesis. Clinical picture.
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