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The nature and types of his accentuation

Character is a set of stable personality traits that determine the attitude of a person towards people towards the work performed. Character manifests itself in activity and communication and includes that which gives a person’s behavior a specific, characteristic shade.

The main problems of characterology are the establishment of types of character in order to predict human behavior in various situations. The idea of ​​character can be obtained by knowing the specifics of actions, deeds. Movements and actions, the fulfillment of which becomes a need under certain conditions, are called habits. Habitual actions of a person, repeating themselves, become character traits, influencing the position of a person in public life and the attitude of other people towards him.

Typology of character by E. Krechmer: asthenic, athletic and pyknic, which he associated with the type of character.

1. Asthenic type: Asthenic is usually a thin or thin person, because of his thinness, it seems higher than it actually is. It has thin skin, narrow shoulders, thin arms, an elongated and flat chest with underdeveloped muscles and weak fat accumulations.

2. Athletic type is characterized by a highly developed skeleton and musculature. Such a person is average or tall, with broad shoulders, a powerful chest. He has a dense, tall head.

3. The pyknic type is characterized by developed internal body cavities, a tendency to obesity with underdeveloped muscles and the musculoskeletal system. Such a man of medium height with a short neck.

The main types of character accentuation

Character accentuations are extreme versions of the norm in which individual character traits are strengthened, as a result of which a person is vulnerable to certain psychogenic influences with good resistance to others.

There are two degrees of character accentuation - explicit and hidden.

1. Hyperactive. A person is very energetic, independent, striving for leadership, risk, adventures. He does not respond to comments, there is no self-criticism.

+ Energy, thirst for activity, initiative, a sense of new, optimism.

- frivolity, a tendency to immoral acts, a frivolous attitude to the duties assigned to him, irritability in the circle of close people. Conflict is possible with monotonous work, loneliness, in conditions of strict discipline, constant moralizing.

2. Dysthymic (dysthymic). This type of people has a constantly low mood, sadness, isolation, laconicism, pessimism.

+ seriousness, high morality, integrity and justice.

- passivity, pessimism, sadness, slow thinking, repel others from dating and friendship with them.

Conflicts are observed in situations that require vigorous activity.

3. Cycloid (cyclotyme). The accentuation of character is manifested in cyclically alternating periods of rise and fall in mood. During the period of mood elevation, they manifest themselves as people with hyperthymic accentuation, during a recession period - with dysthymic.

4. Emotive (emotionality). This person is overly sensitive, vulnerable and deeply in the slightest trouble. He is too sensitive to comments, failures, so he often has a sad mood. In conflicts rarely enters and plays a passive role in them. Insults do not throw out, and keeps them to yourself.

+ I like his altruism, compassion, pity, an expression of joy about other people's successes. Conflict perceives tragic.

5. Demonstrative (demonstrative). This man seeks to be in the center of attention and achieves his goals at any cost: tears, fainting, scandals, illness, boasting, clothes, unusual hobbies, lies. He easily forgets about his unseemly deeds.


+ courtesy, perseverance, purposefulness, acting talent, the ability to captivate others, as well as its originality.

32. - selfishness, unbridled mores, deceit, boastfulness, a tendency to intrigue, shirking work. Conflict with such a person occurs when his interests are infringed, underestimated merit, overthrown from the pedestal

6. Excitable (excitability). These people have irritability, lack of restraint, gloominess, tediousness, but flattery, helpfulness (as a disguise), a tendency to rudeness and foul language or silence, slowness in conversation are possible.

- irritability, hot temper, inadequate outbursts of anger and rage with assault, cruelty, weakened control over the drive.

7. Stuck (stuck). People with this type of accentuation "stuck" on their feelings and thoughts. They can not forget the offense and "settle scores" with their offenders. They have a service and domestic intractability, a tendency to lingering squabbles.

+ the desire to achieve high performance in any business, the manifestation of high demands on themselves, a thirst for justice, integrity, strong, stable views

- resentment, suspicion, vindictiveness, ambition, arrogance, jealousy, a sense of justice swelled to fanaticism. Conflict is possible when hurt pride, unfair grievance, an obstacle to the achievement of ambitious goals.

8. Pedantic (pedantry). These people expressed tediousness in the form of "experiencing" the details, in the service they are able to torture visitors with formal requirements, exhaust their households with excessive accuracy.

+ integrity, accuracy, seriousness, reliability in business and in feelings.

- formalism, chicaneism, tediousness, the desire to shift the adoption of an important decision to others. Conflicts are possible in a situation of personal responsibility for an important matter, while underestimating their merits.

9. Anxious (anxiety). People of this type of accentuation differ, low mood background, timidity, self-doubt.

+ friendliness, self-criticism and diligence.

- fearfulness, suspiciousness due to helplessness

10. Exalted (exaltation). People with this type of accentuation have a very changeable mood, talkativeness, increased distractibility to external events. Their emotions are pronounced and are reflected in love.

+ Altruism, compassion, artistic taste, artistic talent, the brightness of feelings and affection for friends, like interlocutors.

- excessive impressionability, patheticism, alarmism, susceptibility to despair are not their best features. Failures and woeful events are perceived tragically, have a tendency to neurotic depression.

11. Introverted. People of this type of accentuation are characterized by low sociability, isolation. They are away from everyone and enter into communication with other people as necessary, most often immersed in themselves, their thoughts.

+ restraint, degree, deliberation of actions, the presence of strong convictions and principles.

- upholding their unrealistic interests, attitudes and having their own point of view, which is sharply different from the majority opinion, repels people from them.

12. Conformal (conformal). People of this type have high sociability, talkativeness to talkativeness. Usually they do not have their own opinion and are very independent, tend to be like everyone else and not stand out "from the crowd".

+ readiness to listen to the confession of another, diligence

- are subject to someone else's influence, do not consider their actions and have a great passion for entertainment.
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The nature and types of his accentuation

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