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Summary of valeology lessons "Why does a man need hands?" (Didactic game)

Objective: To acquaint children with the value of hands using the method of play and experimentation.

Program objectives: to continue work on the formation of the following concepts: 1) the value of hands for a person; 2) similarities and differences in the structure of the two hands; 3) similarities and differences in the structure of humans and animals.

Training methods: play, observation, experimentation, logical reasoning, TRIZ (“Good - bad”, “How many ways you can do ...”).

Materials and equipment.

Each child: a saucer with a small amount of a mixture of any two cereals with large grains (buckwheat, barley, oatmeal, etc.) or beans and peas; a sheet of paper, a pencil, scissors, a book, a spoon, a glass or saucer with water.

At the teacher: a small ball.

Organization of classes. Children sit at the tables in pairs. Equipment prepared in advance lies on the table in front of each child.

Course of employment


- Guys, think and tell, what is the difference between a human body and an animal? (Short answers.)

- Why do people need hands? (Brief superficial answers.)

Block 1 - why do we need hands.

- Let's see what our hands can do. Before you is a book. Try turning her pages without hands. (Children try different options.)

- Easy? Now turn over.

- The next task. Go through the cereal, lying on a platter, without the participation of hands. (Children try different options.)

- And now with your hands.

- See how our hands work. A huge variety of actions can make human hands. But they can play. Let's make a stool. (The left palm is directed vertically upwards; the right palm is clenched into a cam and pressed against the lower part of the open palm so that the thumb is pointing towards itself.) Let's draw a dog. Let's make a crocodile. (The palm is set forward; it is horizontal, parallel to the floor. The little finger and index finger are bent (eyes), pressed to the middle and ring fingers, which are directed forward (face).)

Note. In the last three tasks, the movements are gradually becoming more complex. Perhaps not all children will be able to fulfill them.
Block 2 - what two hands look like and how they differ.

- Put both hands on the table. Look at them carefully and answer the questions: How many hands does a person have? (Answers.)

What are our two hands like each other? (Answers.) How do both hands differ from each other? (Answers.)

- Good. Well done. And now let's check whether they work equally well.

- Take a pencil in your right hand and draw the sun on the paper. (Children perform.)

- And now draw the same sun with your left hand.

- Which hand is more convenient to draw?

- Take a spoon with your right hand, take water into it and drink it. (Children perform.) Now do the same with your left hand. Which is more convenient?

- Take the scissors with your right hand and cut out the sun that you drew before. (Children do.) Try to do the same, holding the scissors in your left hand. How to work easier?

Block 3 - the formation of the concept of "leading hand".

- Did you perform the mission equally well with this and that hand? (No.) Think about why? (Answers.)

That hand, which is more convenient for a person to work, is called the leading. Raise your hand to those who have the right hand leading. (The children raise their hand.) Now raise your hand to those with the left hand leading. (Children raise their hands.) What kind of people


- Check which hand is better to catch the ball: leading or non-leading. Catch the ball first with one hand and then with the other. (The teacher quickly throws the ball to each child in turn.) Conclusion: it is easier to catch the leading hand.

Block 4 - the game with the help of hands.

- Now let's try using hands to talk. Let's play a game called “Where we were, we wouldn’t say, and what we did, we’ll show.” You must expressly show what you have been doing. (The children are divided into two teams. One team makes a suggestion and shows it. The other team guesses. If he guesses, the first team runs away, and the second one catches. Then the teams switch roles.)


- I hope that today you well understood that the possibilities of your hands are very big. They can work, play and even talk. These are our precious hands.

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