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Medical Remedies and Prevention

First-aid kit individual AI-2 is designed to provide self-help and mutual assistance in order to prevent the severe consequences of exposure to damaging factors of modern means of destruction, as well as the prevention and mitigation of infectious diseases.

Socket No. 1 is an analgesic in a syringe tube. It is used for fractures, burns and extensive wounds.

The syringe tube consists of a polyethylene housing on which a cannula with an injection needle is screwed. The needle is sterile, a cap tightly worn on the cannula protects it from contamination. The case of the syringe tube is filled with an antidote or other medicinal product and is hermetically sealed.

To administer a drug using a syringe tube, you must perform the following steps.

1. Using the thumb and forefinger of the left hand, grasp the cannula and support the body with your right hand, then turn the body clockwise until it stops.

2. Make sure that the medicine is in the tube (to do this, press the tube without removing the cap).

3. Remove the cap from the syringe, while turning it slightly; squeeze out air from the tube by pressing on it until a drop of liquid appears in the area of ​​the tip of the needle.

4. Sharp (stitching) insert the needle under the skin or into the muscle, after which all the liquid contained in it is squeezed out of the tube.

5. Without opening your fingers on the tube, remove the needle.

Nest No. 2 - a red pencil case is placed here, in which there are 6 tablets of taren - a means for the prevention of damage to the agents of nervous and paralytic effects. The maximum single dose should not exceed 2 tablets. Repeated administration of taren tablets is possible after 6-8 hours.

Socket No. 3 is a large white pencil case containing the antibacterial agent No. 2 (sulfadimethoxin - 15 tablets).

Used with the appearance of gastrointestinal disorders, often occurring after irradiation. On the first day, take 7 tablets at a time, and on the next two days, 4 tablets.

Nest No. 4 - in two pink octagonal pencil cases there is a radioprotective agent No. 1 (cystamine), 6 tablets each. This drug is taken with the threat of exposure - 6 tablets at a time.

Socket No. 5 - in two tetrahedral pencil cases without staining, the antibacterial agent No. 1 (tetracycline hydrochloride) is placed. It should be taken with an immediate threat or bacterial infection, as well as with wounds and burns. First, take the contents of one pencil case (5 tablets), washing them down with water, then after 6 hours - the contents of the second pencil case (5 tablets).

Slot No. 6 - a radioprotective agent No. 2 (10 tablets of potassium iodide) is placed in a white tetrahedral pencil case. You need to take it one tablet for 10 days after the fallout.

Nest No. 7 - an antiemetic agent is present in a round blue pencil case (etaperazine — 5 tablets). It is recommended to take one tablet immediately after exposure, as well as when nausea occurs after a head injury.

If it is necessary to use a syringe tube, it is taken with the left hand by the ribbed rim, and with the right hand by the body and with a rotational movement, turn it fully clockwise. Then remove the cap protecting the needle, and holding the syringe tube with the needle up, squeeze out air until a drop of liquid appears at the end of the needle. After that, without touching the needle with your hands, insert it into the soft tissues of the thigh, arms or buttocks and squeeze the contents. Remove the needle without spreading the fingers. In extreme cases, an injection is done through clothing.

An individual anti-chemical package (IPP) is designed for degassing 0V in exposed skin and during infection of clothing.


Individual anti-chemical package:

a - general view; b - a bottle with liquid;

c - cotton-gauze swabs; d - an example of the use of IPP

The IPP kit includes a bottle with a degassing solution equipped with a screw cap, and four cotton-gauze swabs and a case (plastic bag).

When treating exposed skin using IPP, you must perform the following steps.

1. Open the bag, take a swab from it and moisten it with the liquid from the bag.

2. Use a swab to wipe exposed skin and the outer surface of the gas mask.

3. Re-moisten the swab and wipe the edges of the collar and the edges of the cuffs of clothing in contact with the skin.

It must be borne in mind that the liquid from the IPP is poisonous and its contact with the eyes can be harmful.

The effectiveness of sanitization is very high if the degassing solution is used immediately after the ingress of OM drops on the skin

RPA-1 mechanical ventilator

1 - belts regulating the degree of stretching of the fur, 2 - safety valve,

3 - place of exhaled air, 4 - mask with an inflatable cuff,

5 - suction valve with a nipple for connecting an oxygen source,

6 - belt, 7 - screw expander, 8 - tongue holders, 9 - tong tong tong

RPA-1 artificial lung ventilation apparatus. It is designed to ensure saturated breathing of the victim by periodically blowing air into the lungs with the help of hand fur. Using RPA-1, only inhalation is actively performed. Exhalation occurs passively as a result of the chest collapsing.

To use the device, the victim should be laid on his back, a 15cm object (folded clothes) should be placed under his shoulder blades so that his head is folded back and his neck and chin are on the same straight line. It is necessary to remove the tongue from the victim and clean his mouth from various foreign bodies Adjust the appropriate volume of inflated air with belts (for an adult male 1-1.5 l). Inflate the cuff on the mask and put the mask on the mouth and nose of the victim, connecting it first to the fitting, the fur. Holding the mask on the face, set the fur in motion, providing a respiratory rate of 15-18 times per minute.



test questions

1. First aid for emergency conditions of the cardiovascular system.

2. First aid for emergency conditions of the respiratory system.

3. First aid for emergency conditions and diseases of the abdominal organs.

4. First aid for allergic reactions.

5. First aid for convulsive and hysterical conditions.

6. First aid for acute poisoning.

7. First aid for drug poisoning.

8. Poisoning by household chemicals.

9. Poisoning by toxic gases.

10. Poisoning by acids and alkalis.

11. Poisoning by pesticides.

12. First aid for food poisoning.

13. Poisoning by poisonous mushrooms.

14. First aid for bites of poisonous insects, snakes and rabid animals.

15. First aid for poisonous substances.

16. Medical remedies and prevention.
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Medical Remedies and Prevention

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