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The place of valeology in the system of sciences

Valeology is a complex of sciences, or an interdisciplinary direction, based on the idea of ​​the genetic, psychophysiological reserves of the systems of the body and the body as a whole, ensuring the stability of physiological, biological, psychological and sociocultural development and maintaining human health under the influence of changing external and internal environment.

The amount of information in the world doubles every 10–12 years, that is, over the indicated time, as much new information appears in volume as the entire previous history of mankind has accumulated. And this means that it expands and deepens the knowledge of man, pushes the boundaries of knowledge itself. Naturally, part of the new information is at the intersection of sciences, part goes beyond the boundaries defined by the subject and method of this science, and sometimes life itself poses problems that do not fit into the sphere of interests of existing branches of knowledge. That is why the emergence of new sciences should be considered natural, dialectical, the number of which began to increase especially noticeably in the last third of the 20th century.

The most active differentiation concerned the sciences of man, and in particular those related to his essence and being. However, in these sciences, man as an object of cognition is considered from different angles of view, and therefore objectively torn into many parts (with the possible exception of philosophy). Unfortunately, these parts usually almost do not fit together, since representatives of each science see in man only their own subject.

From these positions, the appearance of valeology should be considered natural. Perhaps no other science has absorbed and does not absorb as much data on the multifaceted phenomenon of man from other sciences as valueology. Its occurrence became possible only when the level of knowledge about a person - his biology, genetics, physiology, psychology and many other aspects of his life - did not reach a high enough level to create integral knowledge on the diagnosis, prognosis and management of the state of the body and its interaction with the environment Wednesday.

At the beginning of this chapter, it was already shown that all attributes of science are inherent in valeology: it has its own subject, method, object, goals, objectives, etc. Nevertheless, it is necessary to determine the general foundations of the relationship of valeology as an independent science (or scientific direction) with other sciences, based primarily on the fact that health is the subject of valeology (see figure).

Biology (general biology, genetics, cytology, etc.) explores the laws of vital activity of organisms in phylogenesis, forms an evolutionary view of the nature of health, and creates an integral picture of the biological world.

Ecology provides the scientific basis for environmental management, explores the nature of the relationship "society - man - environment" and develops optimal models for their construction, generates knowledge about aspects of the dependence of health on the environment.

Medicine (anatomy, physiology, hygiene, sanology, etc.) develops standards for ensuring health, substantiates a system of knowledge and practical activities to strengthen and maintain health, and to prevent and treat diseases.
The following components are considered the structure of medicine: the science of diseases (pathology), the science of a healthy living environment (hygiene), the science of recovery mechanisms (sanogenesis), and the science of public health (sanology).

Interaction of valeology with other sciences



Physical education and physical culture determine the patterns of maintaining and improving physical development and physical fitness of a person as integral characteristics of health.

Psychology studies the laws of human mental development, the state of the psyche in various conditions of life, and the psychological aspects of ensuring health.

Pedagogy develops goals, objectives, content and technologies of valeological education and upbringing, aimed at the formation of vital sustainable motivation for health and at introducing a person to a healthy lifestyle.

Sociology reveals the social aspects of maintaining, strengthening and maintaining health and health risk factors.

Political science determines the role, strategy and tactics of the state in ensuring and shaping the health of its citizens.

The economy justifies the economic aspects of ensuring health and, on the other hand, the economic value of health in ensuring the well-being of the people and the security of the state.

Philosophy defines the laws of development of nature and society, the subject and object of both are man: acting on nature and society, he changes them, but, in turn, experiences on himself, including his health, their influence. The formation of the philosophical, dialectical worldview of man is a very significant factor in the correct assessment of the role of health in human life.

Culturology defines the goals and ways of culturological preparation of a person, an essential part of which is the valueological culture.

History traces the historical roots, the continuity of ways, means and methods of maintaining health in the world, region, and ethnic group.

Geography establishes the climatogeographic and socio-economic specifics of the region and the relationship of man with the environment in terms of human adaptation and ensuring a healthy lifestyle.

Of course, the relationships of valeology defined above do not reflect the full picture, since in quantitative terms such connections are immeasurably greater and valeology is only one of the branches of that field of human knowledge, which is called science, the subject of which, in turn, is man.

The connection of valeology with other sciences has a two-sided character. Using the data of related sciences, valeology itself can give significant results for the development and concretization of the problems of human knowledge.
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The place of valeology in the system of sciences

  1. LECTURE №2 PLACE OF VALEOLOGY AMONG OTHER SCIENCES. CLASSIFICATION OF VALEOLOGY.
    LECTURE №2 PLACE OF VALEOLOGY AMONG OTHER SCIENCES. CLASSIFICATION
  2. The place of valeology among other sciences
    Valeology is a scientific field based on knowledge of age-related anatomy, physiology, a wide range of medical sciences (psychology, hygiene, etc.), sociology, pedagogy, economics and aimed at the formation of scientific knowledge and human health needs. It is assumed that the science of health should be integral, developing at the intersection of biology, genetics, medicine, pedagogy,
  3. The place of psychology in the system of sciences
    In the 19th century, the classification of sciences developed by the creator of the philosophy of positivism, the French scientist O. Comte, was very popular. In Comte's classification, there was no place for psychology at all. The father of positivism believed that psychology had not yet become a positive science. For the first half of the XIX century, this statement was generally fair. • Since then, much has changed: psychology
  4. The place of psychology in the system of other sciences
    The problem of the position of psychology in the system of sciences worried many researchers. Most of them drew attention to the fact that psychology integrates the knowledge of all scientific disciplines that study a person and this explains its special place in the system of scientific knowledge. To determine the place of psychology in the system of other sciences, it is necessary to clarify their classification, taking into account the characteristic
  5. The connection of psychology with other sciences and its place in the system of sciences
    Modern psychology occupies a special place among other scientific disciplines, because combines in a single whole the most diverse knowledge about a person. The Swiss psychologist J. Piaget noted that “... psychology occupies a key position in the system of sciences. On the one hand, psychology depends on all other sciences and sees in psychological life the result of physico-chemical, biological, social,
  6. Psychology and its place with the system of sciences
    Psychology and its place with the system
  7. The subject of acmeology and its place in the system of sciences
    The subject of acmeology and its place in the system
  8. The subject of acmeology and its place in the system of sciences
    The subject of acmeology and its place in the system
  9. PLACE OF PSYCHOLOGY IN THE SYSTEM OF SCIENCES AND ITS STRUCTURE
    PLACE OF PSYCHOLOGY IN THE SYSTEM OF SCIENCES AND ITS
  10. Branches of psychology, related disciplines and its place in the system of sciences
    Branches of psychology, related disciplines and its place in the system
  11. The role and place of acme among other gum sciences
    Acmeology is a science that arose at the intersection of natural, social and humanitarian disciplines and studying the laws and mechanisms of human development at the stage of his maturity and especially when he reaches the highest level in this development. A special fundamental and applied role for acmeology is played by psychology, within the framework of which it has gained recognition and is successfully developing. One of the first
  12. Acmeology in the system of professional sciences
    The science of the highest achievements in the field of professional excellence is called "acmeology". The word "acmeology" goes back to the ancient Greek "akme", which, in turn, comes from the word "axis" ("point") and meaning: "the highest degree of something, color, flowering time"; "en akmy einai" (to be in acme) means: "to be in full color, to the highest degree of development" [1]. Ancient greek
  13. Acmeology in the system of human sciences
    Initially, acmeology was understood and developed as a section of developmental psychology. However, as noted above, its scientific status is acquired as soon as the object is not a wide range of all possible characteristics of a mature person as such, but above all, the mastery of his professional activity, his professionalism, from the point of view of which acmeology is involved in
  14. The place of acmeology in the system of social science and human science
    Plan 1. Sociocultural context of acmeological knowledge. 2. Scientific and methodological orientations of acmeological research and development. 3. The relationship of acmeology with social studies. 4. The relationship of acmeology with human knowledge, 5. The structure of the reflexive-acmeological approach to the development of professional skill. Key words: acmeology, scientific and methodological
  15. The place of acmeology in the system of social science and human science
    Plan 1. Sociocultural context of acmeological knowledge. 2. Scientific and methodological orientations of acmeological research and development. 3. The relationship of acmeology with social studies. 4. The relationship of acmeology with human knowledge. 5. The structure of the reflexive-acmeological approach to the development of professional mastery. Key words: acmeology, scientific and methodological
  16. Place of technology in the system of science and practice
    Any science and practice branch uses apparatuses for scientific and practical purposes: conceptual and instrumental. The first includes principles, concepts, terminology, a system of categories, theories, laws and patterns. The second consists of methods, techniques and technologies aimed at solving scientific and practical problems. The indicated scientific-pragmatic algorithm is naturally distributed and
  17. Place of technology in the system of science and practice
    Any science and practice branch uses apparatuses for scientific and practical purposes: conceptual and instrumental. The first includes principles, concepts, terminology, a system of categories, theories, laws and patterns. The second consists of methods, techniques and technologies aimed at solving scientific and practical problems. The indicated scientific-pragmatic algorithm is naturally distributed and
  18. Description of valeology as a science. The main tasks of valeology
    The main tasks of valeology: 1. The development and implementation of ideas about the essence of individual health, the search for models for its study, methods of assessment and forecasting. 2. Based on a quantitative assessment of an individual’s health, the development of screening and monitoring systems for the health of the population. 3. The formation of the "psychology of health." 4. Development of methodology and methods
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