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Prevention of occupational diseases by means of physical and respiratory exercises

Occupational diseases include diseases caused by exposure to adverse environmental factors. Occupational pathology is closely associated with other clinical disciplines, as well as with occupational health.

Under certain conditions, certain types of work can cause occupational diseases, which is usually facilitated by inadequate technical equipment of production and non-compliance with sanitary standards.

Production factors that adversely affect people's health are diverse. It should be noted that with their assistance not only occupational diseases can be observed, but also industrial injuries. The latter include acute diseases resulting from mechanical, thermal, chemical or electrical damage to a tissue or organ directly at the workplace or in the enterprise. At present, there is a generally accepted division of occupational diseases both according to the etiological principle, and according to the systemic-organ principle.

The etiological principle distinguishes the following groups of diseases:

1) due to exposure to industrial dust (pneumoconiosis, dust bronchitis, etc.);

2) due to the influence of physical factors of the working environment (vibration disease, damage caused by exposure to intense noise, various types of radiation, high and low temperatures, etc.);

3) due to exposure to chemical factors in the work environment (acute and chronic intoxication);

4) due to the influence of biological factors (infectious and parasitic diseases, developed streets that, by the nature of their work, have contact with infectious materials or animals, as well as streets working in anti-tuberculosis and other infectious medical and preventive medical institutions; diseases caused by yeast-like fungi, producer fungi , exposure to antibiotics, etc.);

5) occupational diseases from overstrain of individual organs and systems (diseases of the ODE, peripheral nerves and muscles, etc.)

Exposure to the body of chemical compounds causes acute, subacute and chronic intoxication.
The most common intoxications are compounds of lead, mercury, benzene and its homologues, pesticides, etc. Physical factors are the cause of vibration disease, cochlear neuritis, radiation pathology, decompression illness. Diseases caused by physical overload and overstrain of individual organs and systems include such common lesions of OA as shoulder-scapular periarthritis, shoulder epicondylitis, deforming ostearthrosis, bursitis, etc. The same group includes mono- and polyneuropathies, including compression and autonomic-sensory neuropathies, lumbosacral radiculitis, etc.

Bruceellosis, tuberculosis, infectious hepatitis, etc., arising from contact during work are recognized as professional.

Of great importance in improving working conditions is the creation in our country of a special service under the State Center for Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance (SCSEN) for preventive and ongoing sanitary surveillance at industrial enterprises, transport and agricultural facilities in Russia. An important role in preventing the development of occupational diseases belongs to the rational regime of work and rest, as well as the medical and health services for workers and medical examinations.

The systematic use of physical culture, exercise therapy helps increase the body's functional capabilities for physical activity. Under the influence of physical exercises and massage, the function of the cardiorespiratory system, tissue metabolism, and others are improved.

The method of exercise therapy is determined by the nosological form of occupational disease, the stage and severity of its course, the general condition of the patient, his age, gender. Physical activity is gradually increasing, along with a change in initial positions, the selection of general developmental and breathing exercises. Exercises are performed at a slow and medium pace, breathing exercises are performed with emphasis on exhalation. Classes are conducted in a group method, accompanied by music for 15-35 minutes. Wellness activities include dosed walking in the fresh air.
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Prevention of occupational diseases by means of physical and respiratory exercises

  2. Health effects of production factors. Hygiene of mental and physical labor. Prevention of overwork. Industrial hazards and occupational diseases. The main directions of their prevention
    Productive activity is an integral part of the life of an adult able-bodied person. At the same time, the production process and factors of the working environment have a multilateral effect on the human body. The scientific direction of preventive medicine in the field of hygienic aspects of human labor is occupational hygiene or (in recent years) - medicine
  3. The fight against smoking, alcoholism in school age. Physiological and hygienic foundations of physical education: the effect of physical exercises on the functional systems of the body
    FUs do not affect in isolation on any organ or system, but on the whole organism. However, the improvement of the functions of its various systems does not occur to the same extent. Particularly distinct are changes in the muscular system. They are expressed in an increase in muscle volume, a change in the physicochemical properties of tissues, enhanced metabolic processes, and improved functional
  4. Standard means of therapy and prophylaxis in the acute phase of the disease
    Acetylsalicylic acid and other antiplatelet agents Compelling evidence of the effectiveness of acetylsalicylic acid was obtained in the KK-2 study. This study proved the additional beneficial effect of acetylsalicylic acid on streptokinase treatment results. There is a limited number of contraindications to the use of acetylsalicylic acid: it should not be
    Measures to prevent occupational diseases and poisoning, as well as to reduce morbidity with temporary incapacity for work, are carried out by SES systematically and in a planned manner: taking into account the types of work in industries where acute or chronic occupational diseases and poisoning are possible; accounting of industries (workshops, factories, factories), where an increase in the incidence rate with temporary disability and
  6. About types of exercise
    Physical exercises include exercises that are performed during the occupation of some work, and purely physical exercises. Here we have in mind precisely these latter ones, for they are physical exercises, and they are engaged in them only for the benefit received from them. Physical exercises are different, namely: small or large, very strong and weak, fast or slow, or
  7. Physical exercise
    Health and physical education are inseparable from each other, because they serve the same goal - to promote health. Physical exercises contribute to the physical and mental development of a person, have a general educational, moral, aesthetic and defense value. Under the physical exercises understand the various forms of movement, used primarily for the purpose of physical
  8. On the time of the beginning and termination of exercise
    At the beginning of physical exercises, the body should be clean, that is, in the internal organs and vessels should not contain bad, immature chyme, because physical exercises spread them throughout the body. In addition, yesterday's food should already be absorbed by the stomach, liver and blood vessels, and the time of the next meal should already be right. This is determined by the maturity of urine in composition and
  9. Short word about exercise
    Since the most important thing in the health preservation mode is physical activity, and then the sleep mode, it is necessary to begin the presentation with physical exercises. We say that physical exercise is an arbitrary movement leading to continuous deep breathing. A person who is moderate and timely engaged in [physical exercises] does not need any treatment,
    Vibrational pain — the condition lasts (not <3-5) years for the vibration in the streets of production. Pathogenesis - XP microtraumatization of peripheral vegetative formations, perivascular plexuses with the last blood supply, microcirculation, biochemism and trophism of tissue. The blade is a combination of vegetative, sensitive and trophic disorders. Complaints - pain, parasthesia, coldness of the extremities, attacks
  11. Breathing exercises
    Abdominal breathing - helps to relieve neuropsychic stress, restore psychoemotional balance. During training, it is necessary to ensure that inhalation and exhalation are carried out by filling the lower third of the lungs with the movement of the abdominal wall, while the chest and shoulders remain motionless. Chapter 15. Tasks and methods of psychophysiological rehabilitation ... 291 Respiratory cycle
  12. Hygienic organization of physical exercises to promote children's health and development
    Systematic physical exercises contribute to the development of all organs and systems, and especially the motor apparatus of children, increase muscle excitability, pace, strength and coordination of movements, muscle tone, and overall endurance of the child. Intense muscle activity entails an increase in cardiac activity, in other words, training of the heart - the organ on whose work the provision depends
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