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Ability to overcome stressful situations

Mental hygiene is an integral part of a healthy lifestyle: the absence or reduction of stress, the absence of constant mental stress, which are large, or major, risk factors. One of the moments of psychoprophylaxis is auto-training.

Autotraining - neuropsychic self-regulation of the internal regulatory and protective mechanisms of the body. Autotraining is a synthetic method that combines empirical and scientifically based discoveries in the field of mental health. Sources of auto-training are: the ancient Indian yoga system, hypnotic suggestion, self-hypnosis, the study of neuromuscular components of emotions. Academician I.P. Pavlov repeatedly emphasized that the brain "controls all the phenomena occurring in the body." Autogenic training as a method was proposed in 1932. In recent years, interest in auto-training has increased significantly. With the help of autogenic training, self-regulation of the emotional and vegetative functions of the body is achieved, and the state of rest and activity is stimulated.

The main element of autogenic training is muscle and mental relaxation (relaxation), which normalizes the regulation of the activity of internal organs. Autotraining is used for the purpose of psychoprophylaxis and psychotherapy (treatment) of neurosis, vegetative-vascular dystonia, hypertension, bronchial asthma, peptic ulcer.

Stress can and should be fought. The fight will be more successful if it is launched in a timely manner. Here are some of the most common stress management guidelines recommended by foreign psychologists:

1. Change your attitude towards life. You need to understand that your health, and therefore emotional and physical well-being, depends entirely on you. No one has the right to decide for you whether or not to be happy with you. It is up to you to achieve this. You must achieve a degree of emotional and physical well-being that will allow you to fully live every day of your life. Waiting for someone to do this for you is an empty idea.

2. All people can be divided into optimists and pessimists. The cause of stress is not the event itself, but its reflection in our minds. The great Shakespeare believed that there are no events, good or bad, as such we make them in our minds. The only way to get rid of pessimism is to rebuild your own thinking.

3. Exercise is a very good way to relieve stress. Try to lead an active lifestyle and keep fit.

4. Try to lead an organized lifestyle. Learn to rank your affairs by importance. The sloppiness, disorder, disorganization outwardly seem trifling flaws, however, all these negative qualities of human nature are a source of stress development. First of all, do the most important and urgent things, the rest later. Do not plan what you really cannot accomplish.

5. If you do not know how to say no, you need to learn. Some people do not know how to refuse, although they know for sure that the fulfillment of a request is unrealistic due to the large employment. It ends in nuisance and the development of stress.

6. We must learn to see joy and experience happiness in the most ordinary life situations. The emotional coloring of life depends entirely on ourselves.
You can and should enjoy every day of your life, a clear sky, a bright sun, green grass.

7. Maximalism does not make a person happy; try to get rid of it. Some people want to get everything at once. People who set unattainable goals tend to fail. Intolerance to other people's shortcomings and to their own causes stress, makes a person irritable and aggressive.

8. Try to see yourself, your actions as if from the outside, through the eyes of other people. If a person is passionate about some interesting thing that absorbs him with his head, it certainly deserves approval, and also creates emotional well-being. You value other people, and they value you.

9. Learn from past mistakes, and live “here and now,” that is, the present and the future. Deepening into the past prevents a person from living in the present and causes stress, especially when a person is in a sad state regarding lost opportunities in the past.

10. Of great importance in overcoming stress is proper nutrition. Food, cooked tasty and in sufficient quantities, relieves stress and fatigue and causes positive emotions. Helping this fasting and vegetarianism.

11. One of the most important factors in countering stress is the correct mode of life, in particular, sleep mode. The duration of sleep, satisfying physiological requirements, is 7-8 hours per day. This is the time necessary to maintain health, restore lost strength.

12. Alcohol abuse exacerbates stress. In itself intoxication and the subsequent state are very stressful for the body. Moreover, in a state of intoxication, a person commits uncontrollable acts that, after returning to consciousness, can plunge him into severe stress. In addition to alcohol, caffeine can be a stress factor, which is found not only in coffee, but also in chocolate, in various tonic drinks. Caffeine causes increased activity, which is accompanied by a number of physiological reactions that resemble stress.

Options for overcoming stressful situations:

Compromise is an agreement based on mutual concessions. It includes a review of goals or ways to achieve them. A compromise does not mean retreat, on the contrary, it is the ability to find a way out of the situation without serious losses.

Cooperation, in cooperation, the interests and goals of all parties are taken into account and satisfied. Respect for the identity of the partner, equality with him.

Many people find detente from psycho-emotional stress in humor, jokes. Any strong and mentally healthy person can laugh at themselves, at the situation, imagine something in a comic form. Children have a big thirst for funny things. An adult with a sense of humor is very much appreciated by children, because “having fun with him,” the educational impact of such a person takes on additional strength.



Control questions

1. The concept of "healthy lifestyle."

2. Ways to form a healthy lifestyle.

3. Good nutrition

4. Physical activity

5. Hardening

6. Ability to overcome stressful situations.
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Ability to overcome stressful situations

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