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Chlamydiosis

CHLAMIDIA - a microorganism adapted to the existence of both outside and inside the cell. There are several types of chlamydia that cause various lesions of the body. Thus, one type of pathogen causes the so-called fourth venereal disease - venereal lymphogranuloma - which occurs exclusively in tropical countries. Another species, the name of which refers to the whole group of microbes - chlamydia trachomatis - is manifested by inflammation of the eyes - trachoma, which for centuries led to the blindness of many people. And only the third type of chlamydia causes inflammation of the urogenital tract in humans. In general, chlamydia can affect any mucous membranes where there is a cylindrical epithelium (oral cavity, genital organs, rectum, etc.). Chlamydia is transmitted mainly through sexual contact. Among STDs, the incidence of chlamydia in the genital organs is ahead of the incidence of gonorrhea. In fact, it is chlamydia that is currently considered the main cause of the development of urethritis in men and inflammation of the cervix in women. However, it is not uncommon and extra-sexual route of infection - through common laundry, a towel, in the pool. There is even the medical term "swimming pool conjunctivitis", which is caused by a certain type of halmidia. At the same time, it is believed that chlamydia is incapable of long-term existence outside a living organism. Children are more likely to become infected in the process of close communication with adults who carry chlamydia, and newborns - when passing through the birth canal of the mother, carrier or patient with chlamydia. The link between chlamydia and infertility in men and women, complications during pregnancy, spontaneous miscarriages in the early stages, fetal and newborn mortality, eye and nasopharyngeal diseases in newborns and infants, lung inflammation in children and, Finally, a terrible disease - Reiter's disease. With Reiter’s disease, which is more likely to affect men, joint damage occurs (polyarthritis), the urogenital tract (urethritis) and the mucous membrane of the eyes (conjunctivitis). The disease usually begins in the urogenital organs, when a primary inflammatory focus is formed in the urethra, prostate or cervical canal, from which microbes spread to various tissues, including the joints. Already at this stage, smears from the genital organs, as well as in samples from joints and other organs, can be detected microscopically by the presence of chlamydia. Then autoallergy gradually develops, when the body’s immune processes turn on themselves, without protecting the tissue, but, on the contrary, increasing their damage. Usually, chlamydial urethritis begins several days after infection, although sometimes a month passes before the development of the clinical picture. Urethritis often proceeds sluggishly, without pain and urination disorders, but with only minor watery ones from the urethra. Purulent urethritis is much less. After a few days or weeks, the signs of urethritis disappear, although they may recur later. If the bladder is involved in the process, the symptoms usually attract the attention of the patient. This is a frequent painful urination, mild discomfort in the suprapubic area. With a certain predisposition, reduced immunity, the presence of associated diseases, cystitis can cause further damage to the urinary system - damage to the ureters and kidneys, up to the formation of kidney amyloidosis and glomerulonephritis.
Fortunately, such complications are extremely rare, even in the absence of treatment. Most men, along with urethritis and cystitis, also suffer from chlamydial prostatitis, and its severity varies considerably - from the lung, almost invisible to the general lesion of the prostate with severe pain, purulent discharge, and urination disorders. Approximately 10% of prostatitis is the only manifestation of chlamydial lesions of the urogenital tract. After 1 to 2 weeks after the onset of urethritis, conjunctivitis develops, which often occurs easily and is not always noticed by patients. However, in some cases, damage to the eyes occurs acutely and extensively, in violation of the state of the retina, inflammation of the vitreous body and optic nerves, as well as intraocular hemorrhages. But the main symptom of Reiter's disease is asymmetrical multiple joint damage, although with a long course of the disease so many joints suffer that they also become a common couple lesion. As a rule, the joints are affected according to the "bottom-up" principle: first knee, then ankle, foot joints, and then, although not always - radiocarpal, ulnar, brachial. With the defeat of the joints of the toes, they acquire a specific sausage-like appearance. Pain in the affected joints are present almost constantly, aggravated at night and in the morning. The skin over these joints is hot, red, or bluish. Movement in the joints is limited. Much less often the spine is involved in the process - inflammation develops in the lumbar region, manifesting itself as pains spreading along the pelvic nerves. In the chronic course of the disease intervertebral joints are also affected. Muscles belonging to the affected joints often atrophy, and inflammation develops in the articular bags. Often, pain occurs when palpating the bones near the inflamed joints. In addition, when Reiter’s disease affects the skin and mucous membranes. Especially often there is inflammation of the glans penis - erosive balanitis or balanoposthitis with the formation of superficial ulcerations and abundant raids. Balanitis is practically not treatable and may exist for several months. Lesions of the oral mucosa are somewhat less common: shiny red spots appear on the palate and back of the tongue, which quickly turn into extensive, painless erosion. Sometimes gums are also affected, even less often - the inner surface of the cheeks. On the skin of the palms and feet, scaly patches appear that become covered with cracks, rough skin and peel off. If the nails are involved in the process, they become brittle, dull, thicken and turn yellow. In addition, any internal organs can be affected - myocarditis, neuritis and damage to the cranial nerves, pneumonia or pleurisy develop. The most specific sign of Reiter's disease is considered to be a long-term (up to several months) rise in temperature, which can range from subfebrile (37.2 - 37.3 ° C) to high (up to 39 ° C). Treatment for Reiter’s disease is usually carried out in a complex way by several doctors: along with treatment for chlamydia and increased immunity, which is often performed by a rheumatologist, an urologist or a gynecologist treats the urinary organs, and an oculist treats eye damage. After repeated courses of treatment, which, in total, take up to 4-6 months, recovery occurs in most cases.
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Chlamydiosis

  1. Chlamydia
    The disease is caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia. In nature, there are 2 types of chlamydia, the first type affects animals and birds and can cause people to have an infectious disease - ornithosis. The second type of chlamydia is called Chlamidia trachomatis. About 15 of its varieties are known, some of them cause trachoma, venereal lymphogranulomatosis. Two of the 15 varieties of chlamydia affect the urinary
  2. UROGENITAL CHLAMYDIA
    Urogenital chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection. Principal pathogens Caused by C. trachomatis. UROGENITAL CHLAMIDIOSIS IN ADULTS Selection of antimicrobial drugs Choice preparations: azithromycin - 1.0 g orally, once; doxycycline - 0.1 g orally every 12 hours for 7 days. Alternative drugs: erythromycin - 0.5 g orally every 6 hours in
  3. Chlamydia
    Chlamydia (chlamidiosis, ornithosis, psittacosis) is a chronic disease of many bird species characterized by conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis, paralysis, lesions of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, catarrhal-purulent rhinitis and diarrhea. Sick ornithosis and man. Etiology. The causative agent - Chlamydia psittaci, does not form a spore and capsules, is immobile,
  4. Chlamydia
    Chlamydia (chlamydiosis) is a contagious disease of many animal species characterized by the development of pneumonia, keratoconjunctivitis, polyarthritis, encephalitis, and urogenital pathology. Zooanthroponosis. Etiology. The causative agent of the disease are bacteria of the species Chlamydia psittaci, Ch. pneymoniae, Ch. trachomatis, which are obligate intracellular parasites, which are characteristic
  5. Chlamydia
    Urogenital chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Due to the peculiarities of the clinical course, the difficulties of diagnosis, often ineffective treatment and numerous complications, it represents a greater threat to reproductive health. Among women with genital inflammation (non-neuropathic etiology), chlamydia
  6. Chlamydia
    Chlamydia of cattle (chlamidiosis) is a contagious infectious disease, characterized in young animals with rhinitis, bronchopneumonia, gastroenteritis, polyarthritis, keratoconjunctivitis, encephalomyelitis, mastitis and the birth of non-viable young. Chlamydia is sick and man. Chlamydia cattle is recorded in all countries of the world, including
  7. Chlamydia of swine
    Chlamydia pigs (Latin - Chlamydiasis suum; English - Chlamydiosis of swine; enzootic abortion of pigs, chlamydia of pigs, chlamydia bronchopneumonia of pigs) - a chronic disease that causes abortions in sows in the second half of pregnancy, stillbirth, the birth of unviable sickness; urethritis in boars, pneumonia in young animals, less often central nervous system lesions, enteritis,
  8. Chlamydiosis sheep
    Chlamydia sheep (lat. - Abortus enzootica ovis; English - Chlamydiosis of sheep; chlamydial abortion, enzootic abortion, viral abortion) - a contagious, enzootic flowing disease that manifests itself clinically mainly with abortions in the last week of dysfunction or premature lambing and the birth of the weak unviable lambs. Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and
  9. CHLAMIDIOSIS CATS
    Chlamydia in cats is an infectious disease characterized by damage to the central nervous system, urogenital system, abortions, conjunctivitis, and respiratory and digestive disorders. Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and damage. For the first time, Baker and Cello (1971) reported on the illness of cats with conjunctivitis, pneumonia and other diseases of chlamydial nature. AND.
  10. Chlamydia
    Chlamydia is caused by chlamydia, which is intermediate between bacteria and viruses. Chlamydia can affect the urogenital organs, respiratory tract, eyes, joints and other organs and systems, are intracellular parasites, but unlike viruses contain DNA and RNA. There are two main forms of development of chlamydia - the elementary body, which is able to exist
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