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Chlamydia is caused by chlamydia, which is intermediate between bacteria and viruses. Chlamydia can affect the urogenital organs, respiratory tract, eyes, joints and other organs and systems, are intracellular parasites, but unlike viruses, they contain DNA and RNA. There are two main forms of chlamydia development: the elementary body, which is able to exist extracellularly, and the large reticular body, which is formed as a result of the multiplication of microorganisms by division within the host cell. Reticular bodies are not able to reproduce and are not sensitive to antibiotics. In the external environment they are not stable, at a temperature of 60 0 C after 10 minutes they lose their pathogenicity, and at 1000 C - within one minute. However, at low temperatures (-500, -700С) they retain pathogenicity up to several years; when dried in air, they can also persist for a long time. Highly sensitive to the action of 700 alcohol, 2% lysol solution, 25% hydrogen peroxide solution. A two percent solution of chloramine B has a detrimental effect on chlamydia for one minute. In non-chlorinated water at room temperature, chlamydia can last up to 5 days.
Chlamydia infection occurs through sexual contact. Possible infection of newborns during the passage of infected birth canal and intrauterine transmission. The non-genital route of transmission has no significant epidemiological significance. Infection can occur through household items and hands contaminated with secretions from the eyes or genitals.
The incubation period ranges from 5 to 30 days. The urethra is first affected, then the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, testicular appendages. Chlamydial urethritis in men occurs in more than 60% of cases after accidental sexual intercourse. Chlamydia is detected in 60-70% of patients after effective treatment of gonorrhea.
With inferior treatment, chronic pyelonephritis may develop. There are acute, subacute and chronic course of the disease.
Clinical manifestations of chlamydial urethritis in men are characterized by hyperemia and swelling of the urethral sponges, the presence of mucous membranes, mucopurulent or purulent discharge, itching and pain in the urethra, and frequent urination. If other organs are affected, there may be pain in the scrotum, perineum, anus, and in the lumbosacral region.
Diagnosis of chlamydia. The clinical manifestations of the disease are similar to inflammatory processes in gonorrhea, trichomonas, mycoplasma and other urogenital infections. In this regard, laboratory studies are leading in the diagnosis of chlamydia. For this purpose, chlamydia is determined directly in the affected cells stained by the Romanovsky-Giemsa method, in addition, there are cultural, immunofluorescence and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.
Treatment of chlamydia is mainly carried out with tetracycline drugs in large doses for 7-14 days. A good effect is exerted by klacid, sumamed, vilprafen, tarivid, maxaquin, used over a 10-day cycle. In chronic and complicated processes, it is advisable to prescribe immunotherapy, antioxidants, physiotherapy and local treatment.
Clinical examination of patients is carried out for three months. The first clinical and laboratory study is carried out 10-14 days after treatment and then twice a month later. Mandatory simultaneous treatment of all sexual partners is necessary!
Complications In the absence of treatment or untimely treatment, the disease can lead to disability, infertility, weakening of potency, and in women to spontaneous abortion, fetal death.
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The disease is caused by chlamydial bacteria. In nature, there are 2 types of chlamydia, the first species affects animals and birds and can cause an infectious disease in humans - ornithosis. The second type of chlamydia is called Chlamidia trachomatis. About 15 of its varieties are known, some of them cause trachoma, venereal lymphogranulomatosis. Two out of 15 varieties of chlamydia affect the urogenital
Chlamydia is a microorganism adapted to exist both outside and inside the cell. There are several types of chlamydia that cause various lesions of the body. So, one of the types of pathogen causes the so-called fourth venereal disease - venereal lymphogranuloma, which occurs exclusively in tropical countries. Another species, by name of which the whole group is named
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Chlamydia (chlamidiosis, ornithosis, psittacosis) is a chronic disease of many bird species, characterized by conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis, paralysis, damage to the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, catarrhal-purulent rhinitis and diarrhea. Man is also sick with ornithosis. Etiology. The causative agent of the disease is Chlamydia psittaci, does not form spores and capsules, is motionless,
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- PIG CHlamydia
Chlamydia of pigs (lat. - Chlamydiasis suum; English - Chlamydiosis of swine; enzootic abortion of pigs, chlamydia of piglets, chlamydial bronchopneumonia of pigs) - a chronic disease causing abortion in sows in the second half of pregnancy, stillbirth, the birth of a non-viable offspring; in boars - urethritis, in young animals - pneumonia, less often damage to the central nervous system, enteritis,
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Sheep chlamydia (Latin - Abortus enzootica ovis; English - Chlamydiosis of sheep; chlamydial abortion, enzootic abortion, viral abortion) is a contagious, enzootically occurring disease, manifested clinically mainly by abortion in the last week of coagulation or premature lambing and the birth of the weak, non-viable lambs. Historical background, distribution, hazard and
- CHLAMIDIOSIS OF CATS
Chlamydia in cats is an infectious disease characterized by damage to the central nervous system, genitourinary system, abortion, conjunctivitis, as well as respiratory and digestive diseases. Historical background, distribution, hazard and damage. Baker and Cello (1971) first reported cat disease with conjunctivitis, pneumonia, and other chlamydial diseases. AND.
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