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Chlamydia is caused by chlamydia, which is intermediate between bacteria and viruses. Chlamydia can affect the urogenital organs, respiratory tract, eyes, joints and other organs and systems, are intracellular parasites, but unlike viruses contain DNA and RNA. There are two main forms of development of chlamydia - the elementary body, which is able to exist extracellularly, and the large reticular body, which is formed as a result of the reproduction of microorganisms by division within the host cell. Reticular bodies are not able to multiply and are not sensitive to antibiotics. In the external environment they are not stable, at a temperature of 60 0 С after 10 minutes they lose their pathogenicity, and at 1000 С - within one minute. However, at low temperatures (-500, -700С) they retain pathogenicity for up to several years, and when dried in air, they can also persist for a long time. Highly sensitive to the action of 700 alcohol, 2% solution of lysol, 25% solution of hydrogen peroxide. A two percent solution of chloramine B has a detrimental effect on chlamydia for one minute. In non-chlorinated water, chlamydia can be stored at room temperature for up to 5 days.
Infection with chlamydia occurs sexually. Infection of newborns during the passage of infected birth canal and intrauterine transmission of infection is possible. Non-sexual transmission is not significant. Infection can occur through household items and hands contaminated with secretions from the eyes or genitals.
The incubation period ranges from 5 to 30 days. Primarily affected urethra, then the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, epididymis. Chlamydial urethritis in men occurs in more than 60% of cases after casual sex. Chlamydia is detected in 60-70% of patients after effective treatment of gonorrhea.
With inadequate treatment may develop chronic pyelonephritis. There are acute, subacute and chronic course of the disease.
Clinical manifestations of chlamydial urethritis in men are characterized by hyperemia and edema of the urethral sponges, the presence of mucous, mucopurulent or purulent discharge, itching and pain in the urethra, and increased urge to urinate. With the defeat of other organs may be pain in the scrotum, perineum, anus, in the lumbosacral region.
Diagnosis of chlamydia. Clinical manifestations of the disease are similar to inflammatory processes in gonorrheal, trichomonas, mycoplasma and other urogenital infections. In this regard, laboratory tests are leading in the diagnosis of chlamydia. For this purpose, chlamydia is determined directly in the affected cells stained by the Romanovsky-Giemsa method; in addition, there are culture, immunofluorescence and enzyme immunoassay methods.
Chlamydia treatment is mainly carried out with tetracycline drugs in large doses for 7-14 days. Klacid, sumamed, vilprafen, tarivid, maxakvin, used during a 10 - day cycle, have a good effect. In chronic and complicated processes, it is advisable to prescribe immunotherapy, antioxidants, physiotherapy and local treatment.
Clinical examination of patients is carried out within three months. The first clinical and laboratory study is carried out 10-14 days after treatment and then twice a month. Mandatory simultaneous treatment of all sexual partners!
Complications. In the absence of treatment or late treatment, the disease can lead to disability, infertility, weakening of potency, and in women to spontaneous abortions, fetal death.
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The disease is caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia. In nature, there are 2 types of chlamydia, the first type affects animals and birds and can cause people to have an infectious disease - ornithosis. The second type of chlamydia is called Chlamidia trachomatis. About 15 of its varieties are known, some of them cause trachoma, venereal lymphogranulomatosis. Two of the 15 varieties of chlamydia affect the urinary
CHLAMIDIA - a microorganism adapted to the existence of both outside and inside the cell. There are several types of chlamydia that cause various lesions of the body. Thus, one type of pathogen causes the so-called fourth venereal disease - venereal lymphogranuloma - which occurs exclusively in tropical countries. Another type, the name of which refers to the whole group.
- UROGENITAL CHLAMYDIA
Urogenital chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection. Principal pathogens Caused by C. trachomatis. UROGENITAL CHLAMIDIOSIS IN ADULTS Selection of antimicrobial drugs Choice preparations: azithromycin - 1.0 g orally, once; doxycycline - 0.1 g orally every 12 hours for 7 days. Alternative drugs: erythromycin - 0.5 g orally every 6 hours in
Chlamydia (chlamidiosis, ornithosis, psittacosis) is a chronic disease of many bird species characterized by conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis, paralysis, lesions of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, catarrhal-purulent rhinitis and diarrhea. Sick ornithosis and man. Etiology. The causative agent - Chlamydia psittaci, does not form a spore and capsules, is immobile,
Chlamydia (chlamydiosis) is a contagious disease of many animal species characterized by the development of pneumonia, keratoconjunctivitis, polyarthritis, encephalitis, and urogenital pathology. Zooanthroponosis. Etiology. The causative agent of the disease are bacteria of the species Chlamydia psittaci, Ch. pneymoniae, Ch. trachomatis, which are obligate intracellular parasites, which are characteristic
Urogenital chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Due to the peculiarities of the clinical course, the difficulties of diagnosis, often ineffective treatment and numerous complications, it represents a greater threat to reproductive health. Among women with genital inflammation (non-neuropathic etiology), chlamydia
Chlamydia of cattle (chlamidiosis) is a contagious infectious disease, characterized in young animals with rhinitis, bronchopneumonia, gastroenteritis, polyarthritis, keratoconjunctivitis, encephalomyelitis, mastitis and the birth of non-viable young. Chlamydia is sick and man. Chlamydia cattle is recorded in all countries of the world, including
- Chlamydia of swine
Chlamydia pigs (Latin - Chlamydiasis suum; English - Chlamydiosis of swine; enzootic abortion of pigs, chlamydia of pigs, chlamydia bronchopneumonia of pigs) - a chronic disease that causes abortions in sows in the second half of pregnancy, stillbirth, the birth of unviable sickness; urethritis in boars, pneumonia in young animals, less often central nervous system lesions, enteritis,
- Chlamydiosis sheep
Chlamydia sheep (lat. - Abortus enzootica ovis; English - Chlamydiosis of sheep; chlamydial abortion, enzootic abortion, viral abortion) - a contagious, enzootic flowing disease that manifests itself clinically mainly with abortions in the last week of dysfunction or premature lambing and the birth of the weak unviable lambs. Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and
- CHLAMIDIOSIS CATS
Chlamydia in cats is an infectious disease characterized by damage to the central nervous system, urogenital system, abortions, conjunctivitis, and respiratory and digestive disorders. Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and damage. For the first time, Baker and Cello (1971) reported on the illness of cats with conjunctivitis, pneumonia and other diseases of chlamydial nature. AND.
Chlamydia is a contagious disease caused by chlamydia, obligate intracellular parasites, which have a rigid cell wall, but in structure occupy a certain intermediate position between bacteria and viruses. In general, according to MV Makeeva (2001), the carriage of chlamydia is detected in approximately 70% of cats. According to the new classification of chlamydia (Yamnikova S.S., Fedyakina I.T.,