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An abscess is a limited inflammation in tissues or organs, characterized by an accumulation of pus in a newly formed cavity under a dense membrane. An abscess most often occurs after any mechanical damage to the skin (for example, due to a splinter), through which pyogenic microbes (staphylococci, streptococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, cryptococcus fungi, etc.) penetrate the skin, causing the formation of an inflammation center in this place, where pus quickly builds up. This is the so-called maturation of the abscess. Without medical intervention, the abscess gradually matures, the tissue that covers it protrudes, becomes thinner and finally bursts, which allows pus to go outside. Sometimes, along with pus, a foreign body also comes to the surface, which caused suppuration, for example, a splinter. The recess remaining after the abscess gradually overgrows, forming a scar. However, the abscess is not always opened independently; sometimes the body’s defenses are not enough to destroy microbes, or the abscess is located so deep that it is not able to break out. Then the infection can spread further, and the microbes enter the bloodstream, causing sepsis. Abscesses are acute, subacute and chronic, aseptic and infectious.
Symptoms The shape of the abscess is hemispherical. On palpation, it is painful, fluctuates slightly, the local (and sometimes general) temperature is elevated, pulse and breathing are quickened, the general condition of the cat is depressed. The above picture of a typical acute inflammation is characteristic of the so-called hot abscess.
A special variety of abscesses is the so-called cold abscesses, which are not accompanied by inflammatory phenomena (redness, fever, acute soreness). Cold abscesses are found in tuberculosis of the skin, bones and joints, but in cats are very rare.
First aid At the initial stage of inflammation, “lead” lotions from vinegar diluted with water, warming compresses, poultices, and heating pads can be used. If the abscess is opened, then the cavity must be washed with 3% hydrogen peroxide, or potassium permanganate.
If the temperature rises, you must show the cat to the veterinarian.
Phytotherapy. With abscesses, it is possible to recommend externally an antiseptic ointment of phytoelitis, and inside - a phytoelite preparation “Cleansing Tea” to cleanse the body of toxic products of the infectious process.
Homeopathic treatment. The purpose of the drug traumeel with an abscess is the most right choice. Traumeel, in this case, will contribute to the rapid formation of an abscess and the resolution of the process.
In addition, with the help of a traumeel, it is possible to control the temperature increase and the painful reaction that always accompany the process of abscess formation.
With multiple abscesses, Echinacea compositum is used. The drug should be prescribed in the form of injections: on the first day twice then once a day until complete recovery.
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- Epidural Abscess
Epidural abscess - an infectious process that develops between the bones of the skull and the outer leaf of the dura mater, may be accompanied by osteomyelitis. Due to the fact that the pathogen easily penetrates through the dura mater along the emissary veins, subdural empyema is often accompanied by an epidural abscess. Major causative agents The most common cause of
Abscess (abscessus), abscess, abscess - a limited cavity filled with pus, resulting from focal purulent fusion of tissues. Etiology. The cause of abscesses is the penetration of microorganisms into tissues with damage to the skin and mucous membrane and when foreign bodies enter the tissue. They can be introduced during medical manipulations (injections, subcutaneous infusions) made
Physical blockage An abscess is a collection of pus in one place. Distinguish between hot and cold abscesses. With a hot abscess (it occurs much more often), pus accumulates very quickly and all four signs of inflammation appear: swelling, redness, temperature and pain. A cold abscess is characterized by a slow accumulation of fluid in one place with no signs of inflammation. Emotional
- Pharyngeal abscess
Clinical picture Pharyngeal abscess is a purulent fusion of the lymph nodes and loose tissue of the pharyngeal space. It is especially common in debilitated children under the age of 2-3 years, rarely in adults. In childhood, usually occurs after infectious diseases, acute respiratory viral infections, measles, scarlet fever. In adults, pharyngeal abscesses
- Abscess of the larynx
An abscess of the larynx may be the final stage of phlegmonous laryngitis, but more often it is caused by a body injury (fish bone, etc.). An abscess occurs mainly on the lingual surface of the epiglottis or in the region of one of the arytenoid cartilages, and usually develops gradually against the background of a general inflammatory reaction of the body. Complaints boil down to pain when swallowing. 2-3 days after injury
- Brain Abscess
Clinic. An abscess of the brain is a limited abscess in the brain tissue - intracerebral, or epidural, subdural. Caused by streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, etc. Contact (otogenically determined), metastatic (pneumonia, lung abscess), bronchiectatic abscesses and abscesses occurring during open craniocerebral injuries are pathogenetically distinguished.
- Otogenic intracranial abscesses
An extradural abscess is the accumulation of pus between the dura and the bone. It occurs as a result of the spread of the inflammatory process from the mastoid process and tympanic cavity into the cranial cavity and is localized in the middle or posterior cranial fossae. An extradural abscess is usually a complication of chronic suppurative otitis media; often observed
- Paratonsillar abscess (paratonsillitis)
This disease is also called phlegmonous tonsillitis. Between the capsule of the tonsil and the pharyngeal fascia, the distance between which is normally 0.5-1 cm, is located paratonsillar tissue, and behind the pharyngeal fascia, laterally, there is fiber of the parapharyngeal space. These spaces are made of fiber, the inflammation of which, and in the final stage, and abscess formation determines the clinic
- Extradural abscess
An extradural abscess usually has a contact mechanism of occurrence. The source of infection in most cases is osteoperiostitis, a carious process located in the wall of the paranasal sinus, which can occur with their chronic inflammation (frontitis, ethmoiditis, sphenoiditis). The onset of the disease is characterized by the appearance of a limited focus of inflammation in the dura mater
- Pelvic abscesses
Abscesses of the pelvic cavity are a delimited accumulation of pus in the cystic-uterine or rectal-uterine space. Such abscesses can form with purulent-inflammatory saccular masses in the appendages, as well as in the postoperative period. In this case, the resulting adhesions delimit the accumulation of pus from the free parts of the abdominal cavity. In the beginning, an inflammatory
- ABCESS EASY
Lung abscess is a pathological process characterized by the formation of a limited cavity in the lung tissue as a result of its necrosis and purulent fusion. The main pathogens The development of lung abscess is primarily associated with the anaerobic flora - Bacteroides spp., F.nucleatum, Peptostreptococcus spp., P.niger - often in combination with enterobacteria (due to aspiration of the contents
- Brain Abscess
A brain abscess is a capsule-limited accumulation of brain detritus, white blood cells, pus, and bacteria. The main causative agents The etiological cause of brain abscess can be bacteria, fungi, protozoa and helminths. Of the bacterial pathogens, the most common are vermin streptococci (S. anginosus, S. constellatus and S. intermedius), which occur in 70% of cases. AT
- Pharyngeal and paratonsillar abscesses
A pharyngeal abscess develops as a result of a purulent lesion of deep pharyngeal lymph nodes and loose fiber located in the pharyngeal space. These lymph nodes are regional for the posterior sections of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, auditory tube, middle ear, nasal pharynx and palatine tonsils. A pharyngeal abscess may occur in newborns, but
- Paratonsillar abscess
The clinical picture appears as a further development of paratonsillitis due to purulent fusion of paratonsillar infiltrate. It may be complicated by bleeding, the development of mediastinitis and tonsillogenic sepsis. Sore throat is worse when swallowing and opening the mouth. Eating is difficult. Body temperature rises sharply. Maxillary lymph nodes increase, become
- Causes of the development of brain abscess
An abscess of the brain is a local accumulation of pus located in the tissue of the brain. Usually, an abscess of the brain occurs as a secondary disease, provided that there is an infectious focus located outside the central nervous system. Mandatory is the penetration of an infectious agent into the brain. At the same time, not one but several abscesses may exist.
- Abscesses and cellulitis
Tim Hackett, DVM, MS 1. What is the difference between abscess and cellulite? An abscess is a limited accumulation of pus and decay products surrounded by dense granulation tissue. Cellulite is a diffuse inflammation of the soft tissues, while the infectious process spreads along the fascial surfaces in the subcutaneous tissue. 2. Why are subcutaneous abscesses more common in cats than in