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Eczema (ekzema) - a disease of the superficial layers of the skin, accompanied by polymorphism of rashes. All farm animals, as well as dogs and cats suffer from eczema.

Etiology. Exogenous causes include mechanical (cracks, scratching), physical (the effect of high temperature and direct sunlight, in sheep - after shearing), chemical (the effect of medicinal substances, the content of animals on dirty litter). Endogenous causes are a disease of internal organs (liver, lung, gastrointestinal tract), impaired secretion of the endocrine glands, feed intoxication, ingestion of various allergens.

Clinical signs. In a typical course, the disease goes through seven stages of development: erytomatosis, a sharp reddening of unpigmented skin; papular - limited skin dense eminence, not disappearing when pressed with a finger; vesicular - the appearance of vesicles (vesicles) with serous contents; pustular - the appearance of small ulcers (pustules) formed during infection of the vesicles; weeping - spontaneous opening of pustules, effusion of exudate and gluing hair; cortical - drying of the exudate and the formation of various color crusts; scaly - rejection of the dried stratum corneum, the appearance of scales. It should be noted that a strict sequence of the above stages of the eczematous process is not required.

Local changes in the eczematous area are usually accompanied by itching.
In cattle and horses, eczema most often affects the skin in the finger, withers, back, abdomen, and in dogs in the back, tail, auricle and head.

Treatment. It is necessary to eliminate the cause of the disease. In acute eczema in the stages of blistering, pustules, moist eczema, astringent solutions are used: 3-4% - 5% - pyoctanine, methylene blue; 2% - silver nitrate; 3-5% - picric acid. Hydrocortisone intramuscularly and prednisone orally have a good therapeutic efficacy in erythematous, papular, vesicular eczema. Topically applied hydrocortisone and prednisone ointment. For near-earth eczema, antibiotic ointments, emulsions of syntomycin, streptocide, Novocain-chlortetracycline ointment (Novocain - 5 g, chlortetracycline - 5 g, petroleum jelly - 90 g) are used. The general treatment for eczema is intravenous administration of novocaine (1 ml of 0.25% solution per 1 kg of animal weight), 10% solution of potassium bromide (80-100 ml per injection for cattle and horses), 10% a solution of calcium chloride (100-150 ml per injection for horses and cattle). They also recommend autohemotherapy, diphenhydramine, multivitamins, as well as reinfusion of autologous blood irradiated with ultraviolet rays.
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  1. Eczema
    Eczema is a very common skin disease. This disease develops unevenly, in jolts: the aggravation phase, accompanied by some swelling, is replaced by a chronic phase, which is characterized by thickening of the skin and the appearance of scales. Eczema can be caused by both internal and external causes. In children, eczema is often accompanied by asthma or some other allergic.
  2. Eczema
    Eczema is a chronic recurrent erythematous-vesicular skin disease caused by serous inflammation of the papillary layer of the dermis, which is caused by various exogenous and endogenous factors and is characterized by polymorphism of elements. The primary morphological element is a bubble. There are acute and chronic forms. The word "eczema" comes from the Greek ekzeo, which means "boil up".
  3. Eczema
    Chr., A recurrent disease with exacerbated symptoms caused by serous inflammation of the dermis and epidermis. Etiology: polyetiological. Immune disorders lead to the appearance of eczema (IgM deficiency patients; T-lymphocyte deficiency). Consequently, the microorganisms in the dermis and epidermis persist. There may be post-traumatic eczema around the wound. Have a question about
  4. Eczema
    Eczema is a serous inflammation of the skin with a chronic acutely relapsing course and polymorphism of rash elements (small seropapules or vesicles against the background of erythema edema with mucus and formation of crusts; large-festooned foci, erythematous-flaky spots, etc.). Eczema outdoor is relatively common, especially in children. This and about l about g and I. The disease usually develops in
    Eczema is a chronic inflammatory disease of the upper layers of the skin (epidermis and papillary dermis), which is based on both external (infectious-allergic) and internal (metabolic disorders, diseases of the digestive system organs, diseases of the liver, kidneys, etc.) factors. Cats, especially long-haired, are sick more often than other mammals. Eczema is most commonly affected.
  6. Theme 4. Eczema. Atopic dermatitis. Neurodermatitis
    Eczema is one of the most common chronic recurrent skin diseases. Eczema occurs at any age and accounts for about 30% -40% of all skin diseases. Eczema often affects city dwellers (60-65%), less often rural (30-35%). In 80-85% of patients, eczema has a widespread disseminated character. An increased incidence of eczema is observed in children and old age.
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    Cause Frequent local skin irritation of the ear canal with general eczema. Predisposing factor to the eczema of the ear canal is suppuration from the ear in chronic purulent otitis, as well as allergies, rickets, exudative diathesis, purulent inflammation of the middle ear, intestinal intoxication, sulfur plugs, frequent and improper use of ointments and lotions. Symptoms Itching. He may be so
  8. Eczema. Etiology, pathogenesis, treatment
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  9. Vaccine eczema
    Complication of eczema, or neurodermatitis, developing 5–10 days after ope-priming or contact with a vaccinated person. Children are ill mainly. However, vaccination against chickenpox is still not widespread. The onset is acute, with a violation of the general condition, the temperature rises to 40 ° C. Rash of vesicular-pustular elements with an impression in the center of eczematous foci and near
  10. Eczema. Clinical manifestations
    Clinic. Eczema can begin acutely or chronically and usually usually goes on for a long time with a tendency to relapse. Any part of the skin can be affected. In the acute phase of eczema, a rash on the hyperemic and slightly edematous skin of small closely grouped papules, quickly transforming into tiny bubbles (the so-called microvesicles), which are located in groups and not
  11. Eczema
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    Cause Disruption of the body’s normal immune response when in contact with an allergen (type IV allergic reaction). The most common allergens are: - Metals (cobalt, nickel, chromium); - Compositae plants (chrysanthemums, chamomile (arnica), plantain); - cosmetics; - drugs; - fabric dyes; - Fashionable jewelry made of nickel-containing jewelry alloys; - accessories
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    Severe acute inflammatory skin disease in infants and young children develops 3–7 days after contact of a child suffering from eczema with patients with simple vesicular deprive. The causative agent is the herpes simplex virus (serotypes 1 and 2). The development of the disease contributes to prematurity, astenisation, artificial feeding, the presence of eczema. Clinical picture. Signs of
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