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GASTROENTERITIS

Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine. Catarrhal gastroenteritis (catarrh of the stomach and intestines) - develops in cats due to excessively greedy food intake and overfilling of the stomach, and can also be observed with panleukopenia, salmonellosis, staphylococcosis, colibacteriosis and some other diseases. Catarrhal phenomena also occur under the influence of their own intestinal microflora, which has become pathogenic due to exposure to adverse conditions. Most often, gastroenteritis is observed in kittens.

Symptoms: hot and reddened mucous membranes of the oral cavity, warm and dry nose, decreased appetite or extreme fastidiousness in food, fever, severe thirst, constipation and depression. Catarrh of the stomach is often accompanied by vomiting, while the stomach is painful, sensitive to touch. With catarrh of the intestine, these phenomena are absent, while with damage to the duodenum, diarrhea appears, and urine turns bright yellow. Feces in catarrhal inflammation are liquid, watery, fetid, mixed with undigested food and mucus.

First aid and treatment: peace and a sparing diet. For 1-2 days, do not feed the cat, give only water or herbal decoctions and infusions, administer sc / hamavit, give vetom-1.1, lactoferon, polysorb on an empty stomach for 5-7 days. In the future, feed nutritious meat food. It is best to give raw, low-fat meat.

Show the cat to the veterinarian.

Phytotherapy. Of plants, for the preparation of herbal decoctions and infusions for gastroenteritis, the marshmallow root, a string, oak bark, sage leaves, and chamomile are recommended.
Also shown is a cleansing tea.

A number of plant fees apply.

1. Common fennel (fruits) 25 g, medicinal marshmallow (roots) 25 g., Chamomile pharmacy (flowers) 25 g, licorice bare (root) 25 g.

2. For the prevention and treatment of acute gastroenteritis: chamomile, flowers - 2 hours, drooping birch, buds - 2 hours, burdock big, roots - 2 hours, plantain big, leaves - 1 hour, yarrow, grass - 1 hour, coltsfoot, leaves - 1 hour, ordinary pine, buds - 1 hour. Brew one tablespoon in a glass of boiling water, boil over low heat for 25-30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes at room temperature, drain. Squeeze out the remaining raw materials, bring to 0.2 l with boiled water. Give the broth in warm form 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes before taking the feed. After 15-20 minutes, make a microclyster from the same broth 1 time per day in a volume of 10 ml. Therapeutic dose of decoction for cats is 8-10 ml, prophylactic - 4-5 ml. (according to I.V. Sidorov, V.V. Kalugin et al., 2001).

3. For the prevention and treatment of chronic gastroenteritis:

St. John's wort perforated, grass - 3 hours, large plantain, leaves - 2 hours, chamomile, flowers - 1 hour, yarrow, grass - 1 hour, ordinary oak, bark - 1 hour. Brew one tablespoon in a glass boiling water and insist 15 minutes. Give infusion 3-4 times a day for 20-30 minutes before taking the feed. Microclysters from the same infusion are recommended 1 time per day in a volume of 10 ml. Therapeutic dose of infusion for cats is 10-12 ml, prophylactic - 5-6 ml (according to I.V. Sidorov, V.V. Kalugin et al., 2001).
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GASTROENTERITIS

  1. Gastroenteritis
    Gastroenteritis has a dual metaphysical meaning, since it is an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine at the same time. Symptoms of gastroenteritis are vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. See the articles VOMITING, DIOD, and STOMACH (PROBLEMS), taking into account the fact that in this case the problem is more significant, since we are talking about damage to two organs at once, that is, twice as many
  2. PIG VIRAL GASTROENTERITIS
    Viral gastroenteritis (lat. - Gastroenteritis infectiosa suum; Eng. - Transmissible gastroenteritis; infectious gastroenteritis, transmissible gastroenteritis, Doyle and Hutchings disease, HCV) - a highly contagious swine disease characterized by catarrhal hemorrhagic diarrheaitis and degenerative disease high mortality of piglets in the first 2 weeks
  3. Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis in dogs
    1. What is hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) in dogs? Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis is a syndrome characterized by acute onset with profuse vomiting and bloody loose stools and significant hemoconcentration. 2. What is the reason for the development of HGE? The reason is unknown. Although HGE implies the presence of inflammatory changes, the most likely cause of the disease is a violation of the permeability of the mucosa
  4. Viral gastroenteritis (vector-borne) pigs
    Pig viral gastroenteritis (porcine transmissible gastroenteritis, Doyle and Hitchings disease) - Transmisille gastroenteritis is a highly contagious viral disease, manifested by vomiting, severe diarrhea and high mortality among piglets up to 2 weeks of age. Etiology. Pathogen RNA-containing virus (Porcine transmissille gastroenteritis virus), belonging to the family
  5. VIRAL GASTROENTERITIS
    Harry B. Greenberg Introduction. In underdeveloped countries, acute infectious intestinal infections are the leading cause of morbidity in all age groups and mortality among young and young children. In developed countries, acute intestinal infections remain an important cause of morbidity in both children and adults. It was found that the main etiological
  6. Diarrhea (diarrhea)
    Diarrhea (diarrhea) - a single or multiple bowel movements, with a changed nature of the stool from mushy to watery. In young children, which are characterized by a high frequency of emptying and the unformed form of the stool, it is required to determine, with a detailed questioning, changes in the usual properties of the stool (color, smell, etc.), as well as to assess the severity of the water stain. Water stain -
  7. LIVER DISEASES
    Diseases of the liver (hepatopathy) can have a variety of symptoms, as the liver is the most important intermediate organ of metabolism. In 80% of cases of hepatopathy are associated with diseases of the kidneys, intestines, pancreas and central nervous system. Of the liver diseases in cats, according to Strombeck DR, Guilford WD, 1990) the most common are: hepatitis (22.9%), hepatopathy
  8. An integrated approach in the treatment of calf gastroenteritis patients in a technogenic province
    Shmakov M.V. Scientific adviser: Dr. Sc., Professor Gertman A.M. Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine”, Troitsk. Excessive intake of toxic elements such as nickel and lead into the body of young cattle contribute to the development of gastrointestinal diseases, one of which is gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is Severe
  9. Acute systemic infections
    Nausea and vomiting are often observed in many infectious diseases accompanied by fever. Viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases affecting not only the gastrointestinal tract (viral gastroenteritis, toxicoinfection), but also other organs (viral hepatitis, meningitis) cause nausea and vomiting, although the mechanisms of their occurrence are not always clear. Endotoxins or
  10. NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
    According to a survey of nosocomial infections in the United States, gastroenteritis develops in approximately 10.5 people per 10 thousand received in medical institutions. The etiology of gastrointestinal infections can be established in approximately 97% of cases; of which 93% are bacteria. The predominant bacterial pathogen is C. difficile - 91%, viruses (rotaviruses) account for 5.3%. Allocate
  11. Nephrology
    1. The nephrotic syndrome is characterized by: 1. hypoproteinemia 2. hyponatremia 3. hypercholesterolemia 4. proteinuria> 3g / l 5. pyuria 2. 2 weeks after a sore throat, a 10-year-old boy developed back pain, pastoral eyelid, headache, decreased the amount of urine. Specify the most probable diagnosis: 1. acute cystitis 2. urolithiasis 3. acute glomerulonephritis 4. cardiac
  12. Tasks for determining the final level of knowledge
    Tasks. 1. Cerebral swelling of Peyer's patches: Describe the appearance: a) dimensions, b) relation to the lumen of the intestine, c) surface, d) on the incision. B. Indicate intestinal complications: a) ..., b) ... List extraintestinal complications: a)., B)., C). Indicate the probable causes of death: a)., B) ... Standards of decisions. 1. Cerebral swelling of Peyer's plaques: a) enlarged, b) protrude into the lumen, c)
  13. List of abbreviations
    2,3 DFG - 2,3-diphosphoglycerate Fi02 - fraction 02 in the inhaled mixture Sp02 - arterial blood oxygen saturation WPW - Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome AB - atrioventricular (node) aVS - activated coagulation time AD - blood pressure ADH - antidiuretic hormone ACTH - adrenocorticotropic hormone AlAT - alanine aminotransferase AMK - blood urea nitrogen ACE -
  14. Allergic bowel disease
    DEFINITION Early IW with the introduction of foreign proteins (cow, soy) can lead to the development of food allergies in a newborn, especially at risk for allergic diseases. Allergic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract include allergic enterocolitis, enteropathy and eosinophilic esophagogastroenteritis. The role of allergy in the genesis of some other diseases is assumed. CODE ON ICD-K52.9
  15. Preliminary diagnosis and its rationale
    The examination ends with a preliminary diagnosis, which should be a logical conclusion from the information received. As a rule, it is established on the basis of subjective and objective clinical manifestations of the disease, taking into account the existing epidemiological prerequisites. The diagnostic algorithm is based on a comparison of the identified disease syndromes. Please note that
  16. Veterinary sanitary examination of sausages
    Sausages are products made from minced meat with salt and spices, in or without casing, subjected to heat treatment or fermentation until ready to eat. Veterinary and sanitary supervision is carried out for raw materials, production, storage and sale of sausages. The main types of raw materials for sausages are meat raw materials recognized as edible
  17. Diseases associated with a lack of vitamins and minerals
    Hypovitaminosis A (A hypovitaminosis) occurs when there is a lack of vitamin A in the body (retinol, retinal, retinoic acid), is clinically manifested by stunted growth, development, decreased natural resistance and local immune defense, increased flaking of the epidermis and dermatitis, metaplasia and keratinization of the mucous membrane epithelium and glands. More often the disease is recorded in
  18. Yersiniosis.
    The causative agent is Yersinia pseudotuberculosus, Y. enterocolitica. Ways of transmission - water, food, consumer life. The feces of rodents are soil, water, food, and humans. Pathogenesis. Adhesion to Peyer's plaques, penetration into the epithelium, incomplete phagocytosis by macrophage, transfer to lymph arr., Granulomatous process in thin. intestine, drift into the blood, dissemination of exc. St. Exciter - antigenomimicry -
  19. Pathologic diagnosis
    At the end of the autopsy, the autopsy conducts a synthesis of all the detected changes in the form of a pathological diagnosis. This listing is in a certain sequence of changes detected during the autopsy. Unlike the descriptive hour, the pathological changes are not described here, but are indicated by special terms: acute “catarrhal bronchopneumonia”, “chronic catarrhal”
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