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Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a contagious disease caused by chlamydia, obligate intracellular parasites, which have a rigid cell wall, but in structure occupy a certain intermediate position between bacteria and viruses. In general, according to M.V. Makeeva (2001), carriage of chlamydia is detected in approximately 70% of cats. According to the new classification of chlamydia (Yamnikova S.S., Fedyakina I.T., Nepoklonova I.V., 2000), the family Chlamydiaceae is represented by 2 genera: Chlamydia and Chlamydohila. C.trachomatis and 3 more new species belong to the genus Chlamydia, while the genus Chlamydophila includes C. pneumoniae, C. precorum, and C. psittaci. The latter species includes various biovars of C. abortus, C. caviae and C. felis.

The infection caused most often by C. felis (these chlamydia are generally species-specific for domestic and wild cats) usually occurs as keratoconjunctivitis or, less commonly, as a systemic disease, such as pneumonia. The reason for the occurrence of the infectious process is considered to be the suppression of the immune response according to the T-cell type (I.L. Obukhov, 1994). First of all, chlamydia affects the mucous membrane of the eyes, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive organs (induction of miscarriages is possible). In addition, cats infected with sexually transmitted chlamydia during their first pregnancy may remain infertile. The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, contact and sexual contact. A generalized infection can lead to the death of a cat. When infecting newborn kittens, a fatal outcome is often observed.

Infection carriers are most often small rodents (field mice, rats), birds, and stray cats. The incubation period is 5-15 days.

It should be remembered that chlamydia is a zooanthroponic disease. This means that chlamydia can be transmitted from sick animals to people whose disease occurs in the form of catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and typical pneumonia, causing eye, respiratory or intestinal diseases. Known, for example, cases of diseases of cats owners with benign lymphoreticulosis (cat scratch disease). However, the etiological role of chlamydia in this disease has not been conclusively proved, since the recently described types of rickettsia and gram-negative bacteria are also isolated from patients. You can also get SARS, conjunctivitis and endocarditis. Chlamydia infection in some cases can lead to infertility in women.

Symptoms In a sick cat, body temperature rises, discharge from the eyes and nose is observed, the animal coughs and sneezes.
Breathing becomes heavy, wheezing is heard. If untreated, a young cat may die in a day from pulmonary edema. In adult cats, the disease can also occur in the form of keratoconjunctivitis (in this case, as a rule, one eye is first affected, and after a few days the second), however, the infection is chronic and often ends in death.

A mucopurulent secretion is released from the nose, the cat sneezes and coughs, breathing becomes heavy, hoarse. But more often the disease is tolerated relatively easily: only keratoconjunctivitis and catarrh of the upper respiratory tract are noted.

At the slightest symptoms of the disease, consult a veterinarian. Diagnosis can be carried out in the veterinary clinic by the cultural method, immunofluorescence methods, serological analyzes or using electron microscopy. The most reliable diagnostic method is polymerase chain reaction.

Treatment. Effective therapy with tetracycline antibiotics that suppress enzymes involved in the synthesis of DNA and Chlamydia protein (I.L. Obukhov, 2001), tylosin, erythromycin are also effective. However, it should be remembered that the independent use of antibiotics often leads to the development of chlamydia resistance to them, so treatment should be carried out by a specialist. Good results were obtained when used in conjunction with antibiotics, maxidin, immunofan, fosprenil, gamavit (aminovit-GM), lactobifid, as well as interferon preparations in various combinations. According to M.M. Rakhmaninova et al. (1999) Vitafel preparations (purified immunoglobulins or serum) are effective for the treatment and prevention. To stimulate natural resistance, it is useful to use lactoferon, tsamax with spirulina or with seaweed. To restore normal microflora - lactobifid. In case of conjunctivitis caused by chlamydia, it is indicated to instill maxidine (eye drops), Iris, neoconjunctivitis or conjunctivitis in the eyes.

Prevention Effective vaccine "ChlamyCon" against chlamydia of cats and dogs, developed at VGNKI.

Phytotherapy. Immunostimulatory collection: Manchurian aralia (roots) 15 g, safflower levze 15 g, hawthorn (fruits) 15 g, cinnamon rose hips (fruits) 15, medicinal calendula (flowers) 10, trident series (grass) 10 g, chokeberry (fruits) 10 g, large plantain (leaves) 10 g.
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Chlamydia

  1. Chlamydia
    The disease is caused by chlamydial bacteria. In nature, there are 2 types of chlamydia, the first species affects animals and birds and can cause an infectious disease in humans - ornithosis. The second type of chlamydia is called Chlamidia trachomatis. About 15 of its varieties are known, some of them cause trachoma, venereal lymphogranulomatosis. Two out of 15 varieties of chlamydia affect the urogenital
  2. Chlamydia
    Chlamydia is a microorganism adapted to exist both outside and inside the cell. There are several types of chlamydia that cause various lesions of the body. So, one of the types of pathogen causes the so-called fourth venereal disease - venereal lymphogranuloma, which occurs exclusively in tropical countries. Another species, by name of which the whole group is named
  3. UROGENITAL CHLAMIDIOSIS
    Urogenital chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection. Main causative agents Called by C. trachomatis. UROGENITAL CHLAMIDIOSIS IN ADULTS Choice of antimicrobial agents. Drugs of choice: azithromycin - 1.0 g orally once; doxycycline - 0.1 g orally every 12 hours for 7 days. Alternative drugs: erythromycin - 0.5 g orally every 6 hours
  4. Chlamydia
    Chlamydia (chlamidiosis, ornithosis, psittacosis) is a chronic disease of many bird species, characterized by conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis, paralysis, damage to the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, catarrhal-purulent rhinitis and diarrhea. Man is also sick with ornithosis. Etiology. The causative agent of the disease is Chlamydia psittaci, does not form spores and capsules, is motionless,
  5. Chlamydia
    Chlamydiosis (chlamydiosis) is a contagious disease of many animal species, characterized by the development of pneumonia, keratoconjunctivitis, polyarthritis, encephalitis and urogenetic pathology. Zooanthroponosis. Etiology. The causative agent of the disease are bacteria of the species Chlamydia psittaci, Ch. pneymoniae, Ch. trachomatis, which are obligate intracellular parasites, which are characteristic
  6. Chlamydia
    Urogenital chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Due to the clinical course, diagnostic difficulties, often ineffective treatment and numerous complications, it poses a great threat to reproductive health. Among women suffering from inflammatory processes of the genitals (non-chronic etiology), chlamydia
  7. Chlamydia
    Chlamydia in cattle (chlamidiosis) is a contagious infectious disease characterized in young animals by rhinitis, bronchopneumonia, gastroenteritis, polyarthritis, keratoconjunctivitis, encephalomyelitis, mastitis and the birth of unviable young animals. Chlamydia also affects a person. Cattle chlamydia is recorded in all countries of the world, including in
  8. PIG CHlamydia
    Chlamydia of pigs (lat. - Chlamydiasis suum; English - Chlamydiosis of swine; enzootic abortion of pigs, chlamydia of piglets, chlamydial bronchopneumonia of pigs) - a chronic disease causing abortion in sows in the second half of pregnancy, stillbirth, the birth of a non-viable offspring; in boars - urethritis, in young animals - pneumonia, less often damage to the central nervous system, enteritis,
  9. CHLAMIDIOSIS SHEEP
    Sheep chlamydia (lat. - Abortus enzootica ovis; English - Chlamydiosis of sheep; chlamydial abortion, enzootic abortion, viral abortion) is a contagious, enzootically occurring disease, manifested clinically mainly by abortion in the last week of coagulation or premature lambing and the birth of the weak, non-viable lambs. Historical background, distribution, hazard and
  10. CHLAMIDIOSIS OF CATS
    Chlamydia in cats is an infectious disease characterized by damage to the central nervous system, genitourinary system, abortion, conjunctivitis, as well as respiratory and digestive diseases. Historical background, distribution, hazard and damage. Baker and Cello (1971) first reported cat disease with conjunctivitis, pneumonia, and other chlamydial diseases. AND.
  11. Chlamydia
    Chlamydia is caused by chlamydia, which is intermediate between bacteria and viruses. Chlamydia can affect the urogenital organs, respiratory tract, eyes, joints and other organs and systems, are intracellular parasites, but unlike viruses, they contain DNA and RNA. There are two main forms of chlamydia development - an elementary body that can exist
  12. Cattle Chlamydia
    Chlamydia in cattle (Latin - CrJamydophila abortus; English - Chlamidiosis of cattle; chlamydial or enzootic abortion of cows) is a predominantly chronic cow disease characterized by amniotic membranes, abortion, premature birth of dead or non-viable calves. Historical background, distribution, hazard and damage. Chlamydia major
  13. Chlamydia
    Chlamydia is an infectious disease in humans, animals and birds caused by chlamydia. Etiology. Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular parasites with a discrete membrane similar to that of gram-negative bacteria. They include RNA and DNA. Some antibiotics inhibit their activity. Parasites do not stain according to Gram, perceive color according to Giemsa, which allows them to be detected
  14. Urogenital Chlamydia
    ^ Pathogen - Chlamydia trachomatis. ^ Prevalence - 5% of pregnant women are infected. ^ Transmission route - sexual, vertical (antenatal, intranatal). ^ Clinic in pregnant women - asymptomatic, cervicitis (up to 80%), premature birth (risk increased 1.5 times), polyhydramnios, chorionamnionitis. ^ Diagnosis - cultural method, PCR, serology. ^ Effect on the fetus -
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