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Chlamydia is a contagious disease caused by chlamydia, obligate intracellular parasites, which have a rigid cell wall, but in structure occupy a certain intermediate position between bacteria and viruses. In general, according to MV Makeeva (2001), the carriage of chlamydia is detected in approximately 70% of cats. According to the new classification of chlamydia (Yamnikova S.S., Fedyakin I.T., Nepoklonova I.V., 2000), the family Chlamydiaceae is represented by 2 genera: Chlamydia and Chlamydora. C. trachomatis and 3 more new species belong to the genus Chlamydia, while the genus Chlamydora includes the C. pneumoniae, C. Pecorum and C. psittaci. The latter species includes various biovars C.abortus, C.caviae and C.felis.
Infection, most often caused by C.felis (these chlamydia are generally species-specific for domestic and wild cats), usually occurs in the form of keratoconjunctivitis or, more rarely, in the form of a systemic disease, for example, pneumonia. The cause of the infection process is considered to be the suppression of the immune response by the T-cell type (I.L. Obukhov, 1994). First of all, chlamydia affects the mucous membrane of the eyes, respiratory organs, gastrointestinal tract, and reproductive organs (miscarriages can be induced). In addition, cats infected with chlamydia through sexual intercourse during the first pregnancy may remain infertile. The disease is transmitted by airborne, contact and sexual ways. Generalized infection can lead to cat death. When infected, newborn kittens are often fatal.
Carriers of infection are most often small rodents (vole mice, rats), birds, and also stray cats. The incubation period is 5-15 days.
It should be remembered that chlamydia are zooanthroponotic diseases. This means that chlamydia can be transmitted from sick animals to people in whom the disease occurs in the form of catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and typical pneumonia, causing eye, respiratory or intestinal diseases. There are, for example, cases of cat owners having benign lymphoreticulosis (cat scratch disease). However, the final etiological role of chlamydia in this disease has not been proven, since the recently described types of rickettsia and gram-negative bacteria are also isolated from the diseased. You can also get sick with atypical pneumonia, conjunctivitis and endocarditis. In some cases, chlamydia infection can lead to infertility in women.
Symptoms In an ill cat, body temperature rises, discharge from the eyes and nose is observed, the animal coughs and sneezes.
Breathing becomes heavy, wheezing is heard. If untreated, a young cat may die in a day from pulmonary edema. In adult cats, the disease can also occur in the form of keratoconjunctivitis (in this case, as a rule, one eye is first affected, and the second eye is affected after a few days), but the infection is chronic and often ends in death.
The mucopurulent secret is secreted from the nose, the cat sneezes and coughs, breathing becomes hard, hoarse. But more often the disease is transferred relatively easily: there is only keratoconjunctivitis and catarrh of the upper respiratory tract.
At the slightest symptoms of the disease should consult a veterinarian. Diagnostics can be carried out in a veterinary clinic by means of a culture method, immunofluorescence methods, serological analyzes, or by electron microscopy. The most reliable diagnostic method is polymerase chain reaction.
Treatment. Effective therapy with the use of tetracycline antibiotics, which inhibit the enzymes involved in the synthesis of chlamydia DNA and protein (IL Obukhov, 2001), is also effective for tylosin and erythromycin. However, it should be remembered that the independent use of antibiotics often leads to the development of resistance to chlamydia, so treatment should be carried out by a specialist. Good results were obtained when used in conjunction with antibiotics, maxidine, immunofan, fosprenil, gamavit (Aminovit-GM), lactobifida, as well as interferon preparations in various combinations. According to MM Rakhmanina et al. (1999) Vitafel preparations (purified immunoglobulins or serums) are effective for the treatment and prevention. To stimulate natural resistance, it is useful to use lactoferon, tsamax with spirulina or with seaweed. To restore normal microflora - lactobiphid. In case of conjunctivitis caused by chlamydia, it is recommended to dig into the eyes maksidin (eye drops), "Iris", neoconjunctivitis or conjunctivitis.
Prevention. Effective ChlamyCon vaccine against chlamydia in cats and dogs, developed by VGNKI.
Phytotherapy. Immunostimulating collection: Aralia Manchu (roots) 15 g, Levzeya safflower 15 g, hawthorn (fruits) 15 g, rosehip cinnamon (fruits) 15, calendula medicinal (flowers) 10, a succession of tripartite (grass) 10 g, black chokeberry (fruits) 10 g, plantain large (leaves) 10 g.
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The disease is caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia. In nature, there are 2 types of chlamydia, the first type affects animals and birds and can cause people to have an infectious disease - ornithosis. The second type of chlamydia is called Chlamidia trachomatis. About 15 of its varieties are known, some of them cause trachoma, venereal lymphogranulomatosis. Two of the 15 varieties of chlamydia affect the urinary
CHLAMIDIA - a microorganism adapted to the existence of both outside and inside the cell. There are several types of chlamydia that cause various lesions of the body. Thus, one type of pathogen causes the so-called fourth venereal disease - venereal lymphogranuloma - which occurs exclusively in tropical countries. Another type, the name of which refers to the whole group.
- UROGENITAL CHLAMYDIA
Urogenital chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection. Principal pathogens Caused by C. trachomatis. UROGENITAL CHLAMIDIOSIS IN ADULTS Selection of antimicrobial drugs Choice preparations: azithromycin - 1.0 g orally, once; doxycycline - 0.1 g orally every 12 hours for 7 days. Alternative drugs: erythromycin - 0.5 g orally every 6 hours in
Chlamydia (chlamidiosis, ornithosis, psittacosis) is a chronic disease of many bird species characterized by conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis, paralysis, lesions of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, catarrhal-purulent rhinitis and diarrhea. Sick ornithosis and man. Etiology. The causative agent - Chlamydia psittaci, does not form a spore and capsules, is immobile,
Chlamydia (chlamydiosis) is a contagious disease of many animal species characterized by the development of pneumonia, keratoconjunctivitis, polyarthritis, encephalitis, and urogenital pathology. Zooanthroponosis. Etiology. The causative agent of the disease are bacteria of the species Chlamydia psittaci, Ch. pneymoniae, Ch. trachomatis, which are obligate intracellular parasites, which are characteristic
Urogenital chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Due to the peculiarities of the clinical course, the difficulties of diagnosis, often ineffective treatment and numerous complications, it represents a greater threat to reproductive health. Among women with genital inflammation (non-neuropathic etiology), chlamydia
Chlamydia of cattle (chlamidiosis) is a contagious infectious disease, characterized in young animals with rhinitis, bronchopneumonia, gastroenteritis, polyarthritis, keratoconjunctivitis, encephalomyelitis, mastitis and the birth of non-viable young. Chlamydia is sick and man. Chlamydia cattle is recorded in all countries of the world, including
- Chlamydia of swine
Chlamydia pigs (Latin - Chlamydiasis suum; English - Chlamydiosis of swine; enzootic abortion of pigs, chlamydia of pigs, chlamydia bronchopneumonia of pigs) - a chronic disease that causes abortions in sows in the second half of pregnancy, stillbirth, the birth of unviable sickness; urethritis in boars, pneumonia in young animals, less often central nervous system lesions, enteritis,
- Chlamydiosis sheep
Chlamydia sheep (lat. - Abortus enzootica ovis; English - Chlamydiosis of sheep; chlamydial abortion, enzootic abortion, viral abortion) - a contagious, enzootic flowing disease that manifests itself clinically mainly with abortions in the last week of dysfunction or premature lambing and the birth of the weak unviable lambs. Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and
- CHLAMIDIOSIS CATS
Chlamydia in cats is an infectious disease characterized by damage to the central nervous system, urogenital system, abortions, conjunctivitis, and respiratory and digestive disorders. Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and damage. For the first time, Baker and Cello (1971) reported on the illness of cats with conjunctivitis, pneumonia and other diseases of chlamydial nature. AND.
Chlamydia is caused by chlamydia, which is intermediate between bacteria and viruses. Chlamydia can affect the urogenital organs, respiratory tract, eyes, joints and other organs and systems, are intracellular parasites, but unlike viruses contain DNA and RNA. There are two main forms of development of chlamydia - the elementary body, which is able to exist
- CLAMIDIOSIS CATTLE
Chlamydia of cattle (Latin - CrJamydophila abortus; English - Chlamidiosis of cattle; chlamydia, or enzootic, abortion of cows) - predominantly chronic disease of cows, characterized by damage to the membranes, abortions, premature birth of dead or non-viable calves. Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and damage. Chlamydia large
Chlamydia - infectious diseases of humans, animals and birds caused by chlamydia. Etiology. Chlamydia - obligate intracellular parasites with a discrete membrane similar to the membrane of gram-negative bacteria. They contain RNA and DNA. Some antibiotics inhibit their activity. Parasites do not stain by Gram, perceive color by Giemsa, which allows them to be detected
- Urogenital Chlamydia
^ Pathogen - Chlamydia trachomatis. Prevalence - 5% of pregnant women are infected. ^ Transmission path - sexual, vertical (antenatal, intranatal). ^ Clinic in pregnant women - asymptomatic, cervicitis (up to 80%), preterm delivery (risk increased by 1.5 times), polyhydramnios, chorionamnionitis. Diagnostics - culture method, PCR, serology. Influence on a fruit -