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The skin is a complex polyfunctional body, designed to perform, above all, a protective function - it serves as an obstacle to all sorts of harmful and traumatic factors. In addition, physiologically active substances produced by the skin prevent the penetration of pathogenic microbes through it. The skin is also involved in thermoregulation, the synthesis of certain vitamins and in many other vital processes. Important functions of the skin are the removal of toxic products formed in the process of metabolism and vital microflora. Thus, in particular, in violation of the antitoxic activity of the liver and the excretory function of the kidneys, the ability to remove toxic products from the skin increases many times. As a result, skin sensitization occurs, and sensitized skin becomes less resistant to any stimuli. Then there are various pathological processes, eczema, pustular diseases develop. Hypovitaminosis, hormonal imbalance, inadequate nutrition, blockage of the excretory ducts of the sebaceous and sweat glands also contribute to the latter. Therefore, systematic skin care (washing, combing and brushing) serves as a good prevention of many skin diseases.

The skin is formed by three layers. The surface layer is the epidermis, consisting of a stratified squamous squamous epithelium. The epidermis is thicker and more resilient in the area of ​​the nose and footpads, and thin, susceptible to damage in the area of ​​the inguinal fold and axillary zones. Under the epidermis is the skin itself - the dermis. Its surface layer adjacent to the epidermis is called papillary, and the deeper layer is called reticular. In the reticular layer are lymph vessels and hair follicles with sebaceous glands. The sebaceous glands produce sebum, which lubricates the hair and gives it water repellency. Three types of hair are formed in the hair follicles: primary (guard) hair, secondary hair (undercoat), and vibrissae (mustache, cans, eyebrows, and hair on the back of the front paws). There are no sweat glands in the skin of cats, with the exception of special glands between the fingers on the paw pads, which secrete a secret in the heat, as well as when the cat is frightened or in a state of extreme excitement (while on the dry surface the cat leaves wet marks).

More than half of all cases of animal skin diseases occur in chronic pruritic dermatosis: eczema, neurodermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and others. In most cases, skin diseases are caused by several reasons, but most of these diseases reflect a violation of the activity of internal organs. The most common cause of skin diseases are digestive disorders. The main subjective symptom - pronounced pruritis, accompanied by combing. There are excoriations covered with bloody crusts. Excitations cause new bouts of itching and at the same time constitute a favorable entrance gate for a bacterial infection and the development of an inflammatory reaction. To achieve a good effect, it is necessary to pay attention not only to comorbidities, but also to take into account the factors of hormonal imbalance, stress, reduced immunity, fatigue.

Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which are contained, for example, in flaxseed oil, in fish oil, in fatty sea fish (mackerel, sardines, herring, salmon), are a good way to fight inflammation. They are also found in the best dry food. Thus, in all dry feeds Science Рlan Feline Sensitive Skin Formula Adult a unique combination of high-quality egg protein and amino acids methionine, lysine and tryptophan is combined with high levels of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.

In addition, to eliminate the allergic component observed in many skin diseases, it is recommended to use bactoneotim to normalize the intestinal microflora.

For quality treatment, it is necessary to pay attention not only to comorbidities, but also to take into account the factors of hormonal imbalance, stress, reduced immunity. In the treatment of diseases of this group are widely used desensitizing, immunocorrective agents, treatment with UV rays, as well as drugs of hormonal nature. However, even the topical use of corticosteroid drugs with long-term therapy is often a significant risk for a sick animal. A quick transition to effective non-steroid drugs for external use without systemic risk that would stabilize the success of treatment and reduce the possibility of relapse is required.
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