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Wounds

Wounds - the type of trauma that occurs most often in cats. Depending on the cause of the damage to the tissues, the wounds are divided into shredded, stabbed, torn, bruised and biting.

Sliced ​​and puncture wounds are distinguished by a relatively small area of ​​tissue damage, abundant bleeding, and even edges.

For hurt, biting, ragged wounds, relatively large areas of tissue trauma, uneven edges and, as a rule, minor bleeding are characteristic.

The most dangerous are bite wounds, which are most often infected and accompanied by necrosis. Veterinarians should deal with their treatment, but before the veterinarian arrives, you yourself must take all measures to timely disinfect the wound. Sometimes, with minor injuries, the cat conducts the necessary "sanitization" itself, licking the wound. Lysozyme contained in saliva has high antibacterial activity, lysing the walls of bacteria.

First aid. Begin treating any wound by removing purulent-blood masses from the surface of the skin. For this purpose, use sterile cotton swabs moistened with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution (it is not only a disinfectant, but also a hemostatic agent). Just try not to flush the dried blood directly from the wound itself, because otherwise the bleeding can resume with a new force. After the bleeding stops, the hair around the wound should be carefully cut out. If there are foreign objects in the wound (glass, grains of sand, etc.), remove them with tweezers, and rinse the wound cavity several times with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution or pink manganese solution. After that, lubricate the skin around the wound with 5% iodine (green paint, alcohol or vodka), and the wound itself can be powdered with rasan, Baxocide II, streptocide powder (norsulfazole, sulfadimesine, etc.), sprayed with Sanatol. With a strong gap, cover the wound with a sterile napkin (cut with a sterile bandage folded several times) and apply a bandage. If you cannot treat the wound immediately, then try to pull off its edges and fix the skin in this position with adhesive tape or a tight bandage.

Especially carefully it is necessary to treat biting wounds, since saliva, wool, dirt from the skin get into the wound when biting. Such wounds are best washed with hydrogen peroxide (3-4 times) with a syringe or syringe without a needle. With numerous chewed wounds, it is difficult to find a wound-healing or vedinol ointment that gives good results when applied with a thin layer on the skin around the wound with a seizure of 2 cm of a healthy area, also helps arnica tincture with a calendula (1:10 ).

After the initial treatment of the wound, show the cat to the veterinarian.

Homeopathic treatment. For any type of injury, use the drug Traumeel as soon as possible. It will immediately relieve pain, prevent the development of inflammation and infection. It is better to give an injection right away, but if this is not possible, then the drug can be given orally every 15-30 minutes.

The duration of treatment depends on the degree of damage and can vary from one injection to a 1-2 week course.

The criterion for stopping treatment are two objective signs: the relief of the inflammatory process and the complete restoration of the behavior and reactions of the animal.

Phytotherapy.
It is shown: calamus calamus, common lingonberry, blue cornflower, pochuchuny knapweed, common oregano, calendula, willow herb, sea buckthorn, tansy, large plantain, triple split, horse sorrel.

Hemostatic plants: the barberry ordinary, the mountaineer peppered, elecampane, St. John's wort, the silverweed upright, gray alder, knotweed, motherwort five-lobed, sabrelnik marsh, yarrow, horsetail.

For any injuries, it is possible to apply to an open wound, both fresh and poorly healing, calendula tincture along with arnic water or hunter (hypericum), safroderm tincture, alcohol extract Sanatol, phyto-elite drug osteochay.



15.1. Penetrating wounds of the chest



Causes of injuries to the chest in cats can be very different: collision with sharp objects or moving vehicles, falling from a tree or window sill, knife injuries.

A penetrating wound to the chest is dangerous because air enters the pleural cavity, the lung subsides and a rapid increase in the symptoms of respiratory failure (shortness of breath, blanching of the eye mucosa) begins. With a through wound of the chest, air is sucked into the wound (the wound "breathes"), as well as the discharge of bloody foam from the lumen of the wound, nostrils and mouth.

First aid: as soon as possible, stop the entry of air into the chest cavity. To this end, close the wound with a folded plastic bag (oilcloth, handkerchief, napkin) and secure it tightly. Give the cat an anesthetic and take it to the nearest veterinary clinic as soon as possible.



15.2. Penetrating injured abdomen



Most often found after falling on a metal wall with sharp spikes, barbed wire, as well as due to knife wounds. With a penetrating wound of the abdominal wall in the lumen of the wound can be seen the organs of the abdominal cavity (omentum, intestinal loop). In a severe case, loss of the omentum and intestines is also possible.

First aid: put a tight bandage on the wound from any available means (towel, handkerchief, kerchief, sheet rag), give the animal an anesthetic, and take it to the nearest veterinary clinic as soon as possible. When intestinal prolapse (in no case trying to set loops on your own!), Fix the cat, lay it on its side, wash the dropped intestinal loops with saline, carefully put the dropped loops on the bandage or napkin and tape it to the abdomen.

In no case can you feed or feed a cat!

When penetrating wounds of the chest and abdomen do not use any antiseptics!

Urgently deliver the cat to the nearest veterinary clinic.



15.3. Purulent wounds



First aid. Rinsed wounds thoroughly wash with 3% hydrogen peroxide alternately with a solution of furatsilin (1: 5000), removing the pus along with dead tissues. Wool around the wound can be treated with 5% iodine. The PAN preparation, as well as gamavit, which includes PAN, accelerates the healing of purulent wounds.

Professional treatment of purulent wounds is desirable to entrust a veterinarian.
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Wounds

  1. Classification of injuries and injuries.
    In the presence of several injuries in one victim, a combined, multiple or combined injury is distinguished. A combination is a wound caused by various damaging factors (for example, a gunshot wound and poisoning by toxic substances) or various damaging factors of the same type of weapon (burn, mechanical injury and damage by penetrating radiation).
  2. Wound
    Cause Injury to the body of a person or one of his limbs as a result of a shot from a firearm. Symptoms Pain, loss of consciousness, shock, profuse loss of blood. First aid It is necessary to stop the bleeding with a sterile bandage or sterile gauze, pressing them to the injury site. You can not fill the fallen bodies, and you need to impose a sterile cloth, and then loosely bandaged. With
  3. Pharyngeal wounds
    Distinguish external and internal pharynx injuries, closed subcutaneous and open skin damage, isolated and combined. In addition, depending on the presence or absence of perforation, there are injuries penetrating and non-penetrating, if there is only an inlet - blind, and if there is an exit - through. External injuries of the pharynx are divided into cut, stabbed, bruised,
  4. Lung wounds
    Wounds of the lung are very heterogeneous in form, location, depth and volume of damage. There are tangents (affecting the surface part of the parenchyma), through and blind wounds. The wound canal can be narrow, groove-shaped (with a slight destruction of the lung tissue and pleura) or widely gaping without damage to the large bronchi or with their damage. Blind wounds may have different depths.
  5. Penetrating wounded heart
    Epidemiology Damage to the heart, great vessels and pericardium in penetrating wounds of the chest is detected in 10-15% of cases, which is the cause of death in the majority of people killed by injuries. Of the penetrating wounds of the heart in peacetime, the most frequent are stab wounds, mostly they are localized on the front surface of the chest. It may be damaged
  6. Injuries and chest injuries
    Breast injury is a frequent type of injury and one of the leading causes of deaths for injured and injured in both peacetime and wartime. It, as a rule, is accompanied by significant dysfunction of the two most important systems - respiration and blood circulation, which subsequently cause metabolic disorders, the activity of other organs and systems. In addition, with injury
  7. Medical tactics for injuries
    A wound is a violation of the integrity of the skin, mucous tissues or serous membranes with damage to various tissues and organs caused by mechanical action. Wounds can be gunshot, chopped, stabbed, scalped, crushed. Wounds can be single, multiple and combined with other lesions (chemical, radioactive, bacteriological). Any injury is accompanied
  8. Wounds to the esophagus
    Damage to the esophagus, complicated by perforation of its wall, is a severe form of injury to the upper digestive tract. Isolated wounds of the esophagus are extremely rare. Pathogenesis. For any perforating wounds of the esophagus, there is a definite pattern: the continuous flow of air through the wound orifice from the organ into the tissue of the mediastinum, saliva, and in the case of vomiting and gastric
  9. Thoracic injury
    Thoracic injury is dangerous to the life of the dog, especially with a significant wound gaping. In this case, death occurs as a result of the development of bilateral pneumothorax. Therefore, for injuries, it is necessary to impose an exclusion bandage to prevent air from entering the chest cavity. Violation of the integrity of the heart, aorta and lungs usually leads to death. First aid skin wound edges
  10. Principles of staged treatment for injuries of the spine
    First aid is reduced to the imposition of an aseptic dressing and giving alcohol (in shock). Take-out is as carefully as possible. At the stage of first medical aid, the previously applied dressings are corrected and the transport immobilization is carried out. When the wounds of the cervical spine are injured, plywood or ladder tires are used. In case of damage to other departments, the victim is placed on
  11. First aid for injuries
    The most dangerous complications with open soft tissue injuries - wounds are bleeding, traumatic shock and infection. The wound causes pain to the victim, accompanied by bleeding and infection. Clinically injured manifest pain, bleeding, swelling around the site of injury. A state of shock or acute blood loss may develop. For cut, chopped and stab wounds
  12. Surgery for injuries or damage to the urinary tract
    Injuries or damage to the urinary tract can occur during gynecological and obstetric operations, various injuries. If urinary tract injury is suspected, appropriate diagnostic techniques are required to establish the location, shape and size of damage. In most cases, injuries of the urinary tract are detected immediately, during surgery or other manipulations. And only
  13. FIRST HELP WITH WRENCHES
    Wound is the violation of the integrity of the skin (or mucous membrane), which may be accompanied by damage to the underlying tissues and organs. There are sliced, chopped, stabbed, bruised, torn, gunshot, combined wounds. All accidental wounds should be considered infected. First aid includes: stopping bleeding, protecting the wound from further
  14. INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS OF DISEASES, SCIENCES AND INJURIES
    Infection in patients, wounded and injured is a reaction of the body to the introduction of pathogens. Not always microbial contamination (microbiological event - MBS, microbial contamination) leads to the development of an infectious process. This is determined by a number of aspects, including the type and virulence of the pathogen, the local state of the wound, the patient’s immune status and
  15. Inspection of the wounded (victim)
    Inspection of the scene - check whether there are potential or real sources of danger for you or your colleagues, mark where the victim is and in what position, find out the mechanism of injury and the need to stabilize the cervical vertebrae. When viewing and assisting, remember the time limit. “Golden half hour”: 1. Response time (min). 2. Time spent on site
  16. First aid for injuries and bleeding
    Any wound is characterized by a violation of the integrity of the skin or mucous membranes, bleeding and pain. Wounds, and depending on the nature of the hurting object, can be stabbed, chopped, torn, cut, bruised, gunshot. All wounds, except wounds from sterile instruments during surgery, should be considered infected. The size and depth of the wound determine the likelihood of infection,
  17. A case study: anesthesia in a patient with a penetrating eye injury and full stomach
    A 12-year-old boy was taken to hospital with an eye injury from a shotgun shot. The ophthalmologist discovered the contents of the eyeball on the surface of the wound. Emergency operation shown. What should be paid special attention during the preoperative examination? In addition to the standard medical history and physical examination, you need to find out the exact time
  18. Nursing care for victims with penetrating wound to the chest cavity
    First aid. • Call an ambulance. • Give the injured floor a sitting position. • Apply an occlusive dressing to the wound of the chest wall. • Free from tight clothing, ensure free access of air. • Cool the area damaged by an ice or cold water bubble. • Give a non-narcotic analgesic. • Wait for the ambulance to arrive. Pre-medical
  19. First aid for various types of fractures and injuries
    Fractures of the spine. There are fractures of the vertebral bodies, the transverse and spinous processes of the vertebrae and the fractures of the vertebrae. With damage to the cervical vertebrae there is a sharp pain in the neck. The head of the patient assumes a forced position, which he cannot change (fixing the head in a bent or unbent position). With a spinal cord injury - numbness of the upper limbs (with
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