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Wounds - the type of trauma that occurs most often in cats. Depending on the cause of the damage to the tissues, the wounds are divided into shredded, stabbed, torn, bruised and biting.
Sliced and puncture wounds are distinguished by a relatively small area of tissue damage, abundant bleeding, and even edges.
For hurt, biting, ragged wounds, relatively large areas of tissue trauma, uneven edges and, as a rule, minor bleeding are characteristic.
The most dangerous are bite wounds, which are most often infected and accompanied by necrosis. Veterinarians should deal with their treatment, but before the veterinarian arrives, you yourself must take all measures to timely disinfect the wound. Sometimes, with minor injuries, the cat conducts the necessary "sanitization" itself, licking the wound. Lysozyme contained in saliva has high antibacterial activity, lysing the walls of bacteria.
First aid. Begin treating any wound by removing purulent-blood masses from the surface of the skin. For this purpose, use sterile cotton swabs moistened with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution (it is not only a disinfectant, but also a hemostatic agent). Just try not to flush the dried blood directly from the wound itself, because otherwise the bleeding can resume with a new force. After the bleeding stops, the hair around the wound should be carefully cut out. If there are foreign objects in the wound (glass, grains of sand, etc.), remove them with tweezers, and rinse the wound cavity several times with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution or pink manganese solution. After that, lubricate the skin around the wound with 5% iodine (green paint, alcohol or vodka), and the wound itself can be powdered with rasan, Baxocide II, streptocide powder (norsulfazole, sulfadimesine, etc.), sprayed with Sanatol. With a strong gap, cover the wound with a sterile napkin (cut with a sterile bandage folded several times) and apply a bandage. If you cannot treat the wound immediately, then try to pull off its edges and fix the skin in this position with adhesive tape or a tight bandage.
Especially carefully it is necessary to treat biting wounds, since saliva, wool, dirt from the skin get into the wound when biting. Such wounds are best washed with hydrogen peroxide (3-4 times) with a syringe or syringe without a needle. With numerous chewed wounds, it is difficult to find a wound-healing or vedinol ointment that gives good results when applied with a thin layer on the skin around the wound with a seizure of 2 cm of a healthy area, also helps arnica tincture with a calendula (1:10 ).
After the initial treatment of the wound, show the cat to the veterinarian.
Homeopathic treatment. For any type of injury, use the drug Traumeel as soon as possible. It will immediately relieve pain, prevent the development of inflammation and infection. It is better to give an injection right away, but if this is not possible, then the drug can be given orally every 15-30 minutes.
The duration of treatment depends on the degree of damage and can vary from one injection to a 1-2 week course.
The criterion for stopping treatment are two objective signs: the relief of the inflammatory process and the complete restoration of the behavior and reactions of the animal.
It is shown: calamus calamus, common lingonberry, blue cornflower, pochuchuny knapweed, common oregano, calendula, willow herb, sea buckthorn, tansy, large plantain, triple split, horse sorrel.
Hemostatic plants: the barberry ordinary, the mountaineer peppered, elecampane, St. John's wort, the silverweed upright, gray alder, knotweed, motherwort five-lobed, sabrelnik marsh, yarrow, horsetail.
For any injuries, it is possible to apply to an open wound, both fresh and poorly healing, calendula tincture along with arnic water or hunter (hypericum), safroderm tincture, alcohol extract Sanatol, phyto-elite drug osteochay.
15.1. Penetrating wounds of the chest
Causes of injuries to the chest in cats can be very different: collision with sharp objects or moving vehicles, falling from a tree or window sill, knife injuries.
A penetrating wound to the chest is dangerous because air enters the pleural cavity, the lung subsides and a rapid increase in the symptoms of respiratory failure (shortness of breath, blanching of the eye mucosa) begins. With a through wound of the chest, air is sucked into the wound (the wound "breathes"), as well as the discharge of bloody foam from the lumen of the wound, nostrils and mouth.
First aid: as soon as possible, stop the entry of air into the chest cavity. To this end, close the wound with a folded plastic bag (oilcloth, handkerchief, napkin) and secure it tightly. Give the cat an anesthetic and take it to the nearest veterinary clinic as soon as possible.
15.2. Penetrating injured abdomen
Most often found after falling on a metal wall with sharp spikes, barbed wire, as well as due to knife wounds. With a penetrating wound of the abdominal wall in the lumen of the wound can be seen the organs of the abdominal cavity (omentum, intestinal loop). In a severe case, loss of the omentum and intestines is also possible.
First aid: put a tight bandage on the wound from any available means (towel, handkerchief, kerchief, sheet rag), give the animal an anesthetic, and take it to the nearest veterinary clinic as soon as possible. When intestinal prolapse (in no case trying to set loops on your own!), Fix the cat, lay it on its side, wash the dropped intestinal loops with saline, carefully put the dropped loops on the bandage or napkin and tape it to the abdomen.
In no case can you feed or feed a cat!
When penetrating wounds of the chest and abdomen do not use any antiseptics!
Urgently deliver the cat to the nearest veterinary clinic.
15.3. Purulent wounds
First aid. Rinsed wounds thoroughly wash with 3% hydrogen peroxide alternately with a solution of furatsilin (1: 5000), removing the pus along with dead tissues. Wool around the wound can be treated with 5% iodine. The PAN preparation, as well as gamavit, which includes PAN, accelerates the healing of purulent wounds.
Professional treatment of purulent wounds is desirable to entrust a veterinarian.
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- Classification of injuries and injuries.
In the presence of several injuries in one victim, a combined, multiple or combined injury is distinguished. A combination is a wound caused by various damaging factors (for example, a gunshot wound and poisoning by toxic substances) or various damaging factors of the same type of weapon (burn, mechanical injury and damage by penetrating radiation).
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- Pharyngeal wounds
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- A case study: anesthesia in a patient with a penetrating eye injury and full stomach
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- Nursing care for victims with penetrating wound to the chest cavity
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