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Wounds

Injuries are the most common type of injury in cats. Depending on the cause of the tissue damage, wounds are divided into cut, punctured, lacerated, bruised and bitten.

Cut and stab wounds are characterized by a relatively small area of ​​tissue damage, heavy bleeding, smooth edges.

For bruised, biting, lacerated wounds, relatively large areas of tissue trauma, uneven edges and, as a rule, minor bleeding are characteristic.

The greatest danger is bitten wounds, which are most often infected and are accompanied by necrosis. Veterinarians should deal with their treatment, however, before the arrival of the veterinarian, you yourself must take all measures in order to disinfect the wound in a timely manner. Sometimes, with minor injuries, the cat performs the necessary "sanitation" itself, licking the wound. Lysozyme contained in saliva has a high antibacterial activity, lysing the walls of bacteria.

First aid Treat any wound with removal of purulent blood masses from the surface of the skin. For this purpose, use sterile cotton swabs moistened with a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide (this is not only a disinfectant, but also a hemostatic agent). Just try not to wash the caked blood directly from the wound itself, because otherwise the bleeding can resume with renewed vigor. After stopping the bleeding, the hair around the wound should be carefully cut. If there are foreign objects in the wound (glass, grains of sand, etc.), remove them with tweezers, and wash the wound cavity several times with a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide or a pink solution of potassium permanganate. After that, lubricate the skin around the wound with 5% iodine (green, alcohol or vodka), and the wound itself can be dusted with ranosan, bacocide P, streptocide powder (norsulfazole, sulfadimezin, etc.), treated with sanatol spray. If yawning is strong, cover the wound with a sterile cloth (a piece of sterile bandage folded several times) and apply a bandage. If you can’t treat the wound immediately, then try to tighten its edges and fix the skin in this position using an adhesive plaster or tight bandage.

Particularly carefully it is necessary to treat bitten wounds, since when biting, saliva, wool, and dirt from the skin get into the wound. Such wounds are best washed with hydrogen peroxide (3-4 times) using a syringe or a syringe without a needle. With numerous chewed wounds, it is difficult to find in the coat and treat all wounds, while wound healing or solitary phytoelite ointment gives good results, when applied a thin layer on the skin around the wound with a capture of 2 cm of the healthy area, arnica tincture with calendula also helps (1:10 )

After the initial treatment of the wound, show the cat to the veterinarian.

Homeopathic treatment. For any type of injury, use Traumeel as soon as possible. It will immediately relieve pain, prevent the development of inflammation and infection. It is better to make an injection right away, but if this is not possible, then the drug can be given orally every 15-30 minutes.

The duration of treatment depends on the degree of damage and can range from one injection to a 1-2 week course.

The criterion for the termination of treatment are two objective signs: stopping the inflammatory process and the full restoration of the behavior and reactions of the animal.

Phytotherapy.
Shown: marsh calf, common lingonberry, blue cornflower, highlander, marjoram, marigold, fireweed, sea buckthorn, tansy, large plantain, three-part train, horse sorrel.

Hemostatic plants: common barberry, mountaineer pepper, elecampane, St. John's wort, erect cinquefoil, gray alder, knotweed, motherwort five-lobed, saber marsh, yarrow, horsetail.

For any wounds, you can apply to the open wound, both fresh and poorly healing, tincture of calendula along with arnica water or St. John's wort (hypericum), tincture of safroderm, alcoholic extract of sanatol, osteochy phytoelitis preparation.



15.1 Penetrating chest wounds



The reasons for causing chest injuries in cats can be very different: a collision with sharp objects or with moving vehicles, falling from a tree or from a windowsill, knife wounds.

Penetrating wound of the chest is dangerous because air enters the pleural cavity, the lung collapses and the onset of symptoms of respiratory failure begins (shortness of breath, blanching of the mucous membrane of the eyes). With a through wound of the chest, air is sucked into the wound (the wound "breathes"), as well as the release of bloody foam from the lumen of the wound, nostrils and oral cavity.

First aid: stop air supply to the chest cavity as soon as possible. For this purpose, cover the wound with a four-fold plastic bag (oilcloth, handkerchief, napkin) and tightly screw it on. Give the cat pain medication and take it to the nearest veterinary clinic as soon as possible.



15.2. Penetrating wounds to the abdomen



Most often found after falling on a metal fence with sharp spikes, barbed wire, as well as due to knife wounds. With a penetrating wound of the abdominal wall, abdominal organs (omentum, intestinal loop) can be seen in the wound lumen. In a severe case, loss of the omentum and intestines is also possible.

First aid: put on a wound a tight bandage from any improvised means (towel, handkerchief, scarf, sheet flap), give the animal anesthetic, and take it to the nearest veterinary clinic as soon as possible. In case of intestinal prolapse (in no case trying to straighten the loops yourself!), You should fix the cat, lay it on its side, wash the dropped intestinal loops with saline solution, carefully put the dropped loops on a bandage or napkin and bandage them to the stomach.

In no case should you feed or drink a cat!

For penetrating wounds of the chest and abdomen, do not use any antiseptics!

Urgently deliver the cat to the nearest veterinary clinic.



15.3. Purulent wounds



First aid Festering wounds thoroughly rinse with 3% hydrogen peroxide in turn with a solution of furatsilina (1: 5000), removing pus along with dead tissue. Wool around the wound can be treated with 5% iodine. The PAN drug, as well as gamavit, which includes PAN, accelerates the healing of purulent wounds.

It is advisable to entrust the veterinarian with a professional treatment of purulent wounds.
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Wounds

  1. Classification of injuries and injuries.
    If one victim has several wounds, a combined, multiple or combined wound is distinguished. Combined is a wound caused by various damaging factors (for example, a gunshot wound and poisonous substances) or various damaging factors of the same type of weapon (burn, mechanical injury and penetrating radiation damage)
  2. Wound
    Cause Injury to the human body or one of its limbs as a result of a shot from a firearm. Symptoms Pain, loss of consciousness, shock, profuse loss of blood. First aid. You should stop the bleeding with a sterile bandage or sterile gauze, pressing them to the wound site. It is impossible to fill up the fallen organs, but you need to put on a sterile napkin, and then loosely bandage it. At
  3. Pharyngeal wounds
    There are wounds of the pharynx external and internal, closed subcutaneous and open with skin damage, isolated and combined. In addition, depending on cash availability or lack of perforation, there are penetrating and non-penetrating wounds, in the presence of only an inlet - blind, and if there is an outlet - through. External wounds of the pharynx are divided into cut, punctured, bruised,
  4. Lung injuries
    Injuries to the lung are very heterogeneous in form, location, depth and volume of damage. Distinguish tangents (affect the surface of the parenchyma), through and blind wounds. The wound canal can be narrow, gutter-shaped (with slight destruction of the lung tissue and pleura) or wide gaping without damage to the large bronchi or with their damage. Blind wounds may vary in depth.
  5. Penetrating heart wounds
    Epidemiology Damage to the heart, great vessels and pericardium with penetrating wounds of the chest is detected in 10-15% of cases, which is the cause of death in most of those who died from trauma. Of the penetrating wounds of the heart in peacetime, the most common are stab wounds, they are mainly localized on the front surface of the chest. May be damaged
  6. Chest injuries and injuries
    Breast injury is a common type of injury and one of the leading causes of deaths of the wounded and injured both in peacetime and in wartime. As a rule, it is accompanied by significant dysfunctions of the function of two major systems - respiration and blood circulation, which subsequently cause metabolic disorders, the activity of other organs and systems. In addition, with an injury
  7. Therapeutic tactics for wounds
    A wound is a violation of the integrity of the skin, mucous tissues or serous membranes with damage to various tissues and organs caused by mechanical stress. Wounds are gunshot, chopped, stabbed, scalped, crushed. Wounds can be single, multiple and combined with other lesions (chemical, radioactive, bacteriological). Any injury is accompanied
  8. Esophagus
    Damage to the esophagus, complicated by perforation of its wall, is a severe form of trauma to the upper sections of the digestive canal. Isolated wounds of the esophagus are extremely rare. Pathogenesis. For any perforating wounds of the esophagus, there is a certain pattern: continuous flow through the wound opening from the organ into the fiber of the mediastinum of air, saliva, and in case of vomiting and gastric
  9. Thoracic Wound
    A thoracic wound is life threatening for a dog, especially with a significant gaping wound. In this case, death occurs as a result of the development of bilateral pneumothorax. Therefore, in case of injuries, an occlusive dressing must be applied to prevent air from entering the chest cavity. Violation of the integrity of the heart, aorta and lungs usually leads to death. With first aid, the skin edges of the wound
  10. Principles of staged treatment for spinal injuries
    First aid comes down to applying an aseptic dressing and giving alcohol (in shock). The removal is carried out as carefully as possible. At the stage of first medical aid, previously applied dressings are corrected and transport immobilization is carried out. When injuring the cervical spine, a plywood or ladder splint is used. In case of damage to other departments of the victim, lay on
  11. First aid for wounds
    The most dangerous complications of open injuries of soft tissues - wounds are bleeding, traumatic shock and infection. The wound hurts the victim, accompanied by bleeding and infection. Clinically, wounds are manifested by pain, bleeding, swelling around the site of the wound. A state of shock or acute blood loss may develop. With cut, chopped and stab wounds
  12. Surgery for wounds or damage to the urinary tract
    Wounds or damage to the urinary tract can occur during gynecological and obstetric operations, various injuries. If there is a suspicion of an injury to the urinary tract, appropriate diagnostic methods are required to establish the location, shape and size of the damage. In most cases, injuries of the urinary tract are detected immediately, during surgery or other manipulations. And only
  13. FIRST AID FOR INJURIES
    A wound is a violation of the integrity of the skin (or mucous membrane), which may be accompanied by damage to the underlying tissues and organs. There are cut, chopped, chopped, bruised, lacerated, gunshot, combined wounds. All occasional wounds should be considered infected. First aid includes: stopping bleeding, protecting the wound from further
  14. INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS OF DISEASES, INJURIES AND INJURIES
    Infection in patients, wounded and injured is the body's response to the introduction of pathogens. By no means always microbial contamination (microbiological event - MBS, microbial contamination) leads to the development of an infectious process. This is determined by a number of aspects, including the type and virulence of the pathogen, the local state of the wound, the immune status of the patient, and
  15. Inspection of the wounded (injured)
    Inspection of the scene - check if there are potential or real sources of danger for you or your colleagues, mark where the victim is and in what position, find out the mechanism of injury and the need for stabilization of the cervical vertebrae. When inspecting and assisting, remember the time limit. "Golden half an hour": 1. Response time (min). 2. Time spent on site
  16. First aid for wounds and bleeding
    Any wound is characterized by a violation of the integrity of the skin or mucous membranes, bleeding and pain. Wounds, and depending on the nature of the injuring item, can be chopped, chopped, lacerated, cut, bruised, gunshot. All wounds, except for wounds from sterile instruments during surgery, should be considered infected. The size and depth of the wound determines the likelihood of infection,
  17. Case study: anesthesia in a patient with a penetrating eye wound and a full stomach
    A 12-year-old boy was taken to the hospital with an eye injury resulting from a shotgun shot. The ophthalmologist found the contents of the eyeball on the surface of the wound. Emergency surgery shown. What should you pay special attention to during the preoperative examination? In addition to the standard history and physical examination, it is necessary to find out the exact time
  18. Nursing care for patients with penetrating wounds of the chest cavity
    First aid. • Call an ambulance. • Give the affected floor a sitting position. • Apply an occlusive dressing to the chest wall wound. • Free from tight clothing, provide free access to air. • Cool the area of ​​damage with a bubble with ice or cold water. • Give a non-narcotic analgesic. • Wait for the ambulance to arrive. Pre-medical
  19. First aid for various types of fractures and injuries
    Fractures of the spine. There are fractures of the vertebral bodies, transverse and spinous processes of the vertebrae and fracture dislocation. With damage to the cervical vertebrae, sharp pain in the neck is noted. The patient’s head takes a forced position, which he cannot change (fixing the head in a bent or unbent position). With spinal cord injury - numbness of the upper extremities (with
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