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Diabetes mellitus is a frequent disease in cats, in which there is a chronic increase in the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood caused by insufficient secretion of the pancreatic hormone insulin. There are insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes, as well as secondary diabetes mellitus. In insulin-dependent diabetes, the secretion of insulin-secreting cells, the so-called islets of Langerhans, occurs in the pancreas, which leads to insulin production deficiency. The formation and secretion of insulin by the pancreas is stimulated by the combined action of vitamin B3 (niacin) and chromium. In non-insulin dependent diabetes (or type 2 diabetes), for a number of reasons (often the disease is inherited) insulin resistance develops, which is exacerbated by continued insulin production by the pancreas; the level of glucose in the blood increases. As for secondary diabetes, it develops as a result of prolonged exposure to certain drugs that inhibit insulin production, or (in dogs) may be a consequence of Cushing's syndrome. In cats, cats are more often sick than 6 years of age, in which the insulin-dependent type of the disease is observed predominantly (in 75% of cases).

It has been shown (A.I. Zorina, 2001) that in cats it is more difficult to stabilize blood glucose levels than in dogs.

Symptoms The first signs of pathology usually appear already with a significant progression of the disease: loss of appetite, exhaustion, or vice versa - increased appetite, increased thirst, obesity, decreased resistance to infectious diseases, sweet breath, polyuria (increased urine output), deterioration of wool, sometimes symmetrical alopecia of the trunk, abdomen and hind limbs. Myocardiodystrophy often develops.

Since clinicians often have difficulties in differential diagnosis between hyperglycemia caused by stress and diabetes in a cat, it has been suggested that blood fructosamine concentrations in excess of 600 µmol / L be used as a diagnostic indicator (Crenshaw KL, 1996).

Treatment: high-quality feeding, and at a constant time of day.
Giving fiber-rich foods (rice, vegetables, vegetable soups). Be sure to laboratory examination, after which the veterinarian, who must carry out the treatment, will recommend the correct diet. In the treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes, insulin injections are used (more often porcine or recombinant human). Tablets of insulin for oral administration in cats are not effective. For the treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes, sulfonuretics of the second generation are used: glipizide, or glyburide (I.Goy-Tollot, S.Daminet, 2002).

Homeopathic treatment. In addition to replacement therapy, coenzyme compositum and cardus compositum are included in the base course of treatment in the form of rare injections and long-term use of the drug liarsin. This not only improves the quality of life of patients with diabetes mellitus, but also allows you to reduce the insulin dose over time.

Phytotherapy. From the means of herbal medicine you can advise a decoction of leaves and shoots of blueberries, lingonberry (leaf), watermelon ordinary, decoctions and infusions of the millenth umbrella, nettle, burdock, oat planting, dandelion medicinal, chicory, rosehip cinnamon. Sugar-reducing properties have peas, mushrooms, blueberry leaves, oats (tincture - 100 g of grains in 3 cups of water), bean pods. You can recommend phytoelitis cleansing tea, as part of this drug are recommended for the treatment of diabetes herbs.

Diet therapy. Hill's Resprescription Diet Feed:

with normal weight - Feline w / d;

with obesity - Feline r / d.

insufficient weight - Feline c / d, р / d
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