Licensed books on medicine
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Diabetes mellitus is a frequent disease in cats, in which there is a chronic increase in the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood caused by insufficient secretion of the pancreatic hormone insulin. There are insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes, as well as secondary diabetes mellitus. In insulin-dependent diabetes, the secretion of insulin-secreting cells, the so-called islets of Langerhans, occurs in the pancreas, which leads to insulin production deficiency. The formation and secretion of insulin by the pancreas is stimulated by the combined action of vitamin B3 (niacin) and chromium. In non-insulin dependent diabetes (or type 2 diabetes), for a number of reasons (often the disease is inherited) insulin resistance develops, which is exacerbated by continued insulin production by the pancreas; the level of glucose in the blood increases. As for secondary diabetes, it develops as a result of prolonged exposure to certain drugs that inhibit insulin production, or (in dogs) may be a consequence of Cushing's syndrome. In cats, cats are more often sick than 6 years of age, in which the insulin-dependent type of the disease is observed predominantly (in 75% of cases).
It has been shown (A.I. Zorina, 2001) that in cats it is more difficult to stabilize blood glucose levels than in dogs.
Symptoms The first signs of pathology usually appear already with a significant progression of the disease: loss of appetite, exhaustion, or vice versa - increased appetite, increased thirst, obesity, decreased resistance to infectious diseases, sweet breath, polyuria (increased urine output), deterioration of wool, sometimes symmetrical alopecia of the trunk, abdomen and hind limbs. Myocardiodystrophy often develops.
Since clinicians often have difficulties in differential diagnosis between hyperglycemia caused by stress and diabetes in a cat, it has been suggested that blood fructosamine concentrations in excess of 600 µmol / L be used as a diagnostic indicator (Crenshaw KL, 1996).
Treatment: high-quality feeding, and at a constant time of day.
Giving fiber-rich foods (rice, vegetables, vegetable soups). Be sure to laboratory examination, after which the veterinarian, who must carry out the treatment, will recommend the correct diet. In the treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes, insulin injections are used (more often porcine or recombinant human). Tablets of insulin for oral administration in cats are not effective. For the treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes, sulfonuretics of the second generation are used: glipizide, or glyburide (I.Goy-Tollot, S.Daminet, 2002).
Homeopathic treatment. In addition to replacement therapy, coenzyme compositum and cardus compositum are included in the base course of treatment in the form of rare injections and long-term use of the drug liarsin. This not only improves the quality of life of patients with diabetes mellitus, but also allows you to reduce the insulin dose over time.
Phytotherapy. From the means of herbal medicine you can advise a decoction of leaves and shoots of blueberries, lingonberry (leaf), watermelon ordinary, decoctions and infusions of the millenth umbrella, nettle, burdock, oat planting, dandelion medicinal, chicory, rosehip cinnamon. Sugar-reducing properties have peas, mushrooms, blueberry leaves, oats (tincture - 100 g of grains in 3 cups of water), bean pods. You can recommend phytoelitis cleansing tea, as part of this drug are recommended for the treatment of diabetes herbs.
Diet therapy. Hill's Resprescription Diet Feed:
with normal weight - Feline w / d;
with obesity - Feline r / d.
insufficient weight - Feline c / d, р / d
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Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia and disorders of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism, which are accompanied by absolute or relative insufficiency of the action and / or secretion of insulin. Therefore, although diabetes is an endocrine disease in its origin, its main manifestations reflect the pathology of metabolism. EPIDEMIOLOGY. Diabetes is found among
Diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by absolute or relative insulin deficiency. It leads to severe violations of all types of metabolism, but above all carbohydrate and fat. Classification of diabetes. According to etiology, primary (idiopathic) and secondary diabetes mellitus are distinguished. A. Primary diabetes mellitus may be insulin-dependent (type 1) and
Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (American Diabetes Association, 1997) • Diabetes symptoms: polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, weight loss, elevated plasma glucose levels> 11.1 mmol / l with a random definition. • ???? Fasting plasma glucose level (fasting at least 8 hours)> 7 mmol / l. • ???? The level of glucose in blood plasma> 11.1 mmol / l during the test
- A state of chronic hyperglycemia, which can develop as a result of exposure to many exogenous and genetic factors that often complement each other. Classification (according to WHO, 1985) A. Clinical.classes. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: a) in patients with normal body weight; b) in obese individuals. Diabetes associated with
- PREGNANCY AND DIABETES SUGAR
Extragenital pathology is all the somatic diseases that a pregnant woman has. If these diseases are in the stage of compensation, then the birth can proceed normally. Problems that need to be solved if a pregnant woman has diabetes mellitus: 1) the question of the feasibility of pregnancy 2) family planning for diabetes 3) contraception issues:
- Coma with diabetes
The labile course of diabetes in children causes frequent metabolic disorders, the highest degree of which are comatose states. They can also develop in children with newly emerged and not diagnosed diabetes in a timely manner. Depending on the genesis and clinical picture in diabetes mellitus, the following comas are distinguished: 1) diabetic (hyperglycemic,
Diabetes mellitus is a disease that is characterized by an increase in blood sugar levels, the presence of sugar in the urine, enhanced preservation of fats and enhanced protein breakdown. Diabetes mellitus is caused by a deficiency of insulin, which regulates the concentration of sugar in the blood, or its insufficiency of action. Diabetes mellitus is not a single disease. There are two main types of diabetes. Diabetes
In recent years, the problem of diabetes mellitus (DM) in pregnant women and their offspring has gained important medical and social importance. Complicated during pregnancy and childbirth in diabetes, the extremely unfavorable effect of this disease on the intrauterine development of the fetus leads to disability of pregnant women, as well as to increased incidence of malformations, high perinatal morbidity and mortality. Despite
- Diabetes mellitus (cipher? 10,? 11)
Definition Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a polyetiological genetically caused suffering caused by pancreatic or extrapancreatic relative or absolute insulin deficiency, characterized by impaired all types of metabolism, mainly carbohydrate in the form of chronic hyperglycemia, occurring with early atherosclerotic vascular lesions, microangiopathies,
- 84. DIABETES, SUGAR
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic hyperglycemia syndrome that develops as a result of absolute or relative insulin deficiency and is also manifested by glucosuria, polyuria, polydipsia, impaired lipid (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia), protein (dysproteinemia), and mineral (for example, hypokalemia) and the development of complications. • Absolute insulin deficiency leads to the development of
- Abstract. Diabetes in obstetrics, 2010
During pregnancy and childbirth in diabetes mellitus, Management and treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus during pregnancy, Dynamic use of ultrasound diagnostics, Management of pregnancy and childbirth in patients with diabetes, Obstetric or diabetic situation Tactics
Currently, this disease is understood as a complex of pathological changes and metabolic disorders characterized by a decrease in the level of glucose utilization, which leads to hyperglycemia (elevated blood glucose). This section deals only with primary, or idiopathic, diabetes, the most frequent and important disease of the endocrine pancreas. It follows
- Children from mothers with diabetes
Synonyms Diabetic embryopathy, diabetic fetopathy, diabetic embryopathy. DEFINITION Diabetic embryophotopathy is a clinical and laboratory symptom complex that develops in children from mothers with diabetes and includes, in addition to the characteristic appearance, malformations. Diabetic fetopathy - a clinical laboratory symptom complex that develops in children from
- Diabetes and its prevention
Abstinence and labor - these are two true human doctors: labor sharpens his appetite, and abstention prevents one from abusing him. Jean-Jacques Rousseau Insulin. Glucose, Diabetes mellitus type 1. Type 2 diabetes. Another endocrine disease is a growing concern among health care workers and the state. This is diabetes. Diabetes is a disease
- EMERGENCY CONDITIONS FOR DIABETANIA
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic hyperglycemia syndrome, the development of which is determined by genetic and exogenous factors. There are two main pathogenetic types of diabetes. Type I diabetes mellitus is “insulin-dependent” (10–20% of points). The disease occurs in childhood or adolescence, the progression of the disease is rapid, moderate or severe, the tendency to ketoacidosis,
- Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (diabetes mellitus) is a disease that is caused by an absolute or relative deficiency of insulin and is characterized by a violation of all types of metabolism, and, above all, carbohydrate metabolism. The word "diabetes" - from the Greek. diabetes - “going through something”, “leaking”; the word “mellitus” is from the Latin word “honey”, indicating the sweet taste of urine in diabetes.
1. What are the most common emergency conditions for diabetes? Of the conditions requiring emergency medical care, diabetic ketoacidosis (DK A), hyperosmolar diabetes mellitus and severe hypoglycemia due to insulin overdose are most common in animals with diabetes mellitus. The clinical manifestations of these 3 syndromes are in many ways similar, and the diagnosis can be clarified with
- Classification of diabetes
Primary diabetes mellitus type I [synonyms: insulin-dependent, hypoinsulinemic, juvenile (juvenile) IDDM)] makes up 20% of the total number of cases of primary diabetes mellitus. Subtypes: Ia - due to a combination of genetic and environmental effects; Ib - primary, genetically determined without exogenous provocation; Ic - with the primary lesion of? -Cells by exogenous chemical and
- Emergency conditions for diabetes
Emergency conditions in diabetes mellitus occur during the development of: ¦ diabetic ketonemic coma; ¦ diabetic hyperosmolar coma; ¦ diabetic lacticidecidemic coma; ¦ hypoglycemic conditions. Features of diabetes in children: ¦ diabetes in children is always insulin-dependent; ¦ the course of diabetes in children is labile in nature. To risk group
Daniel W. Foster (Daniel W. foster) Diabetes mellitus is the most common of severe metabolic diseases. It is rather difficult to determine the exact number of patients due to the mismatch of the diagnostic criteria, but in all likelihood it is about 1%. The disease is characterized by metabolic disorders, long-term complications, such as damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves and