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Salmonellosis

Salmonellosis is an infectious disease of bee colonies, accompanied by the death of adult bees.

Etiology. The causative agent is Sal. typhi murium, Sal. cholerae suis, etc. This is a Gram-negative, mobile (except Sal. Pullorum gallinarum), spores and capsules that do not form a stick. Optional aerobic, size 2-4 x 0.3-0.5 microns. It is well painted with all aniline dyes.

Epizootology. The disease occurs in apiaries, located near the livestock buildings, wastewater farms. Since the bees take only warm water, they can bring salmonella into the hive in the absence of drinking bowls with benign water in the apiary.

Symptoms and course. It often occurs at the end of winter and in the spring after the exhibition, it is promoted by high humidity, cold snaps, polluted water sources (bees take only warm, although dirty water).

Initially, the bees are excited, then comes depression, diarrhea, fecal mass of yellow-brown color, fetid, sticky.
Sick bees crawl on the bottom of the hive or at the entrance, the abdomen is enlarged 2 to 3 times, the honeycombs are smeared with excrement, the posterior part of the intestine is filled with dirty yellow contents. Mortality of bees (50-60%).

Diagnosis. Put complex. Confirmed by laboratory.

Differential diagnosis. Eliminate colibacillosis, nosematosis.

Treatment: sulfonamides, antibiotics, taking into account sensitivity.

Prevention and control measures. It is forbidden to place bee families near poultry, livestock and fur farms. It is necessary to strictly observe the veterinary and sanitary rules for the maintenance of bee colonies, as well as provide them with good-quality feed and water.
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Salmonellosis

  1. Salmonella
    Birds salmonellosis (Latin, English - Salmonellosis; paratyphoid, infectious diarrhea of ​​birds) is a disease characterized by an acute course in the form of septicemia in young and latent infection in adult birds. Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and damage. Salmonella is widespread. For the first time, salmonella was isolated from the organs of pigs by American veterinarians Salmon and Smith in 1885.
  2. Salmonella
    Salmonellosis (Latin, English - Salmonellosis; paratyphoid fever) - a large group of zoonotic diseases, mainly agricultural animals, characterized by young animals with acute fever, septicemia, toxicosis and diarrhea, and with subacute and chronic - pneumonia and arthritis; in adult females, abortions; in people it occurs in the form of food toxicoinfections (see color inset).
  3. Salmonellosis
    Salmonellosis (salmonellosis) is an infectious disease of birds, predominantly young, characterized by diarrhea, conjunctivitis, septicemia, bowel disease and exhaustion. Etiology. Pathogens S. typhimurium, S. enteritidis, S. сholeraesuis, short gram-negative, motile, spores and capsules that do not form sticks. In the external environment retains its biological properties
  4. Salmonella and their prophylaxis
    Earlier, according to the classification of foodborne diseases, salmonellosis was attributed to the group of microbial food poisoning causing toxicoinfection. Currently, according to the current classification, salmonellosis is attributed to the group of acute intestinal infections, where they are separated into an independent rubric: "Other Salmonella intestinal toxicoinfections". However, in their occurrence, course, prevention, they also
  5. SALMONELLOSIS (SALMONELLOSIS)
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  6. Salmonella
    Salmonellosis (Latin, Eng. - Salmonellisis) - a disease of adult bees, manifested by the defeat of the digestive system. Pathogens. The disease can be caused by various members of the genus Salmonella: S. typhimurium, S. gallinarum-pullorum, S. enteritidis, S. dublin, S. florida (see part 1, Salmonella). Salmonella pathogens for animals and birds of many species and are often found
  7. Salmonellosis
    Salmonellosis (salmonellosis) is an infectious disease of young animals, characterized by a disorder of the function of the digestive tract, the development of toxemia, sepsis, and sometimes metritis and abortions. Etiology. The causative agent of the disease is a Gram-negative mobile rod with rounded ends, does not form a spore and capsules, is relatively stable in the external environment. Disease in small animals
  8. Salmonellosis
    Salmonellosis (salmonellosis) is an infectious disease of young farm animals and fur-bearing animals, characterized by acute course of fever and enteritis, and chronic infection - pneumonia and joint damage. Etiology. The pathogen in piglets - S. cholerae suis and its variants; in calves, S. dublin, less commonly S. typhimurium and S. enteritidis; in lambs - S. abortus ovis; in foals
  9. Salmonella
    Salmonellosis is an acute infectious disease caused by microbes of the genus Salmonella, occurring predominantly with damage to the gastrointestinal tract, less often in the form of generalized forms. Clinical diagnosis The incubation period for the alimentary route of infection is 12-24 hours, with the contact one, 3-7 days. Gastrointestinal form. Gastritis, enteritis, gastroenteritis. The start is hot. Fever, pain
  10. Salmonellosis
    Cause The causative agents of the disease are Salmonella, motile sticks with flagella, which are found in foods such as eggs, meat and milk. Favorable conditions for breeding Salmonella are created during hot weather. Products at risk include ice cream, creamy desserts, mayonnaise, salads, egg-protein-based dishes (creams, cakes), milkshakes, soft-boiled eggs, etc.
  11. Salmonellosis and other acute intestinal diarrheal infections
    Educational task: using diagnostic algorithms, to be able to establish the diagnosis of salmonellosis, escherichiosis and other acute intestinal diarrheal diseases, determine the clinical form, severity, stage of the disease, and prescribe adequate treatment; conduct dispensary observation. Tasks for self-study topics. Using the textbook and lecture material for the purchase
  12. Ostrich salmonellosis
    Salmonellosis is an infectious disease characterized by septicemia, fibrino-difteretic inflammation of the intestine. Etiology. In ostriches, Salmonella enteridis is most commonly isolated. These are short gram-negative movable sticks with rounded ends. Spores and capsules do not form, are cultivated under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Epizootological data. The main source of the pathogen
  13. Salmonellosis
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  14. Salmonella
    Salmonellosis is an acute infectious disease of humans and animals, caused by salmonella serovars and occurs in children more often in the form of gastrointestinal, less often typhoid and septic forms. Etiology. Salmonella are motile gram-negative bacteria that do not have capsules and do not form spores. The main antigens of Salmonella are flagellated (H), cell wall antigens (O) and
  15. Salmonella
    Salmonellosis is an acute infectious disease caused by salmonella, most often Salmonella typhimurium. Cats get sick much less often in dogs, although epizootics also occur, especially in kittens (R.M. Gaskell, M. Bennett, 1999). Infection occurs by alimentary by eating foods contaminated with salmonella, or meat of wild birds. Immunosuppression is a contributing factor.
  16. FOOD SALMONELLIS
    Salmonellosis is an infectious disease of mammals and birds, occurring very diverse, but most often in the form of typical toxicoinfections. The main ways of transmission are food, less often contact. HISTORY REFERENCE. In 1885, American microbiologists Salmon and Smith isolated a bacterial culture from meat of sick pigs, which later became a large group of microorganisms called
  17. Paratyphoid fever (salmonellosis)
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  18. Salmonella
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