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TETANUS

An acute wound infectious disease characterized by increased reflex excitability, tonic convulsive contractions of all or certain muscle groups of the body under the influence of CI toxin. tetani, formed at the site of pathogen entry into the body. All types of mammals are susceptible to tetanus, mostly horses, then sheep, goats, cattle and pigs. A person is also sick.

The causative agent is Clostridium tetani. This is a thin gram-positive stick with slightly rounded ends, a mobile, strict anaerobic. It forms oval spores located at the ends of the bacterial cell, which gives it the shape of a drumstick.

Pre-slaughter diagnostics. The course of the disease is acute. The first signs of illness in horses are stiffness of the masticatory muscles (trismus), difficulty in taking, chewing and swallowing food, strenuous gait, stiff ears and prolapse of the third century.

With the development of the disease, the muscles of the neck, back, abdomen, croup and limbs become hard. Due to the tetanic contraction of the intercostal muscles and bronchi, the flow of air into the lungs is difficult, so breathing becomes rapid and shallow, wheezing; the nostrils are funnel-shaped widened, an ignition groove forms along the costal arch, the abdomen is tightened, and the mucous membranes are cyanotic.
The pulse is frequent and hard. Peristalsis is slow, feces and urine are difficult to excrete.

In cattle, there is a cessation of chewing gum and tympanum due to a decrease in scar activity. Animals stand with their legs wide apart, extending their neck and tail; movements are constrained (stilted walk). In patients, continuous sweating is noted, consciousness is preserved.

In sheep and goats, convulsive contractions of the muscles of the neck, tipping of the head to the back are observed.

In pigs, usually only the muscles of the head are affected: the corners of the mouth are pulled back, the eyeballs are turned outward, the third eyelid has fallen out, teeth grinding is observed.

Post-mortem diagnosis. Rigor mortis is well expressed, dark blood and bad х? Ва шая ^ ^ ^ мышцы muscles are boiled meat, pierced by hemorrhages. Dystrophic changes in the liver and kidneys, hemorrhages on the epicardium, in the heart muscle and on the pleura are also noted; heart enlarged, lungs swollen.

Veterinary sanitary assessment. Patients with suspected tetanus disease should not be killed for meat with meat. When tetanus is established, the carcass with internal organs and the skin is destroyed.
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TETANUS

  1. Tetanus
    Tetanus is an acute infectious disease caused by the action of the toxin secreted by the Nicolaera bacillus (Clostridium tetani), a microorganism that can remain viable for many years while in the ground. This bacillus easily penetrates the human body through a wound, especially if dirt enters the wound. See the article SHOOTS, taking into account that the metaphysical meaning of tetanus
  2. Tetanus
    Tetanus is an acute toxemia caused by the action of exotoxin (tetanospasmin) produced by the bacteria Clostridium tetani. The toxin is produced by the vegetative forms of the microorganism at the place of its penetration into the tissues of the body, and then enters the central nervous system and is fixed there. Etiology. The causative agent of tetanus is an obligate anaerobic, thin gram-positive motile
  3. TETANUS
    Tetanus [Greek - Tetanus (curing); English - Lockjaw] - an acute, non-contagious wound toxicoinfectious disease of mammals of animals, birds and humans, characterized by increased reflex excitability, convulsive tonic convulsions of the muscles of the body under the influence of the toxin of the pathogen (see color insert). Historical background, distribution, hazard and damage.
  4. Tetanus
    Tetanus is an acute infectious disease characterized by tonic tension of skeletal muscles and periodic generalized seizures, which is associated with damage to the motor structures of the central nervous system by the toxin of the pathogen. The causative agent of tetanus has the ability to produce the strongest exotoxin, which is associated with clinical manifestations
  5. TETANUS (TETANUS)
    Tetanus is an acute wound infectious disease of animals and humans, characterized by damage to the nervous system, reflex excitability and convulsive contraction of the muscles of the body without impaired consciousness. Etiology. The causative agent of tetanus is widespread in nature, there are many in the soil of gardens and vegetable gardens, in manure. There is evidence that it multiplies in the intestines of animals, with their feces
  6. Tetanus
    ETIOL. Clostridium tetani. AF: exotoxin (tetanospazmin - neurotoxin and tetanohemolysin). IST: soil, feces herbivores. alive. and people. Thief: wounds, burns, frostbite, childbirth, abortion. PZ required conv. - lack of O2. Input gate - 1) tetanospazmin - dvig. fiber perip. nerves + hematogenous - NS - paralysis standing up. neur. polysynaptic refl arc - violated. percent braking - convulsions. 2)
  7. Tetanus
    Scope of examination 1. Tetanus is an acute infectious disease characterized by toxic damage to the nervous system, manifested by tonic convulsions. The causative agent of the disease is the anaerobic spore-forming bacillus of Clostridium tetani. 2. Entrance gates are wounds or other injuries to the skin and mucous membranes, including burns, frostbite, abrasions, criminal abortions,
  8. Tetanus
    ETIOL. Clostridium tetani. AF: exotoxin (tetanospazmin - neurotoxin and tetanohemolysin). IST: soil, feces herbivores. alive. and people. Thief: wounds, burns, frostbite, childbirth, abortion. PZ required conv. - lack of O2. Input gate - 1) tetanospazmin - dvig. fiber perip. nerves + hematogenous - NS - paralysis standing up. neur. polysynaptic refl arc - violated. percent braking - convulsions. 2)
  9. Tetanus
    Tetanus is an infectious disease caused by the neurotropic toxin of anaerobic tetanus bacillus, characterized by attacks of tonic seizures. In newborns, the infection penetrates through the umbilical wound, in older children through any wound, especially a contaminated one. Extremely dangerous contaminated ground punctured and lacerated wounds with crushed tissues, due to the danger of anaerobic
  10. TETANUS
    Tetanus is an acute wound toxicosis of animals caused by Clostridium tetanus and characterized by damage to the nervous system, reflex excitability and convulsive muscle contraction without impaired consciousness. The causative agent lives mainly in soil containing manure. There is evidence that pathogenic clostridia, multiplying in the intestines of animals, are excreted into the external environment along with feces.
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