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Veterinary-sanitary assessment of slaughter products

As a result of the post-mortem inspection and research, carcasses and organs of slaughter animals are divided into three groups:

- suitable for food purposes;

- unsuitable for food purposes;

- conditionally fit.

Suitable for food purposes are meat and meat products obtained from healthy animals that do not pose a danger to humans, do not have pathological changes in tissues and inclusions that are not characteristic of this product.

The rules of veterinary sanitary examination also allow the release of meat for food purposes without restrictions in certain animal diseases:

- myt, mastitis, endometritis, parametritis, stachyobriotoxicosis (if bacteriological examination does not isolate the pathogens of toxicoinfections);

- smallpox, ptp , paramptomatosis, monieziosis, dictyocaulosis, dicroceliosis, sarcocystosis, esophagostomiasis, hemonhoz, ascariasis, neoascariosis, hypodermatosis, trichomoniasis, isolated benign tumors, These injuries, bone fractures, diseases of individual organs or focal pathological pigmentation in them (in the absence of exhaustion and after rejection of the affected organs and tissues), as well as products of slaughter of positively reacting animals (in the absence of clinical signs and pathological changes in muscles and organs) for chlamydia , brucellosis, tuberculosis, leptospirosis.

Without limitation, they produce meat and other products of slaughter of animals that have undergone only external? -Radiation, as well as under internal and external irradiation, if there are no patches, and the content of radionuclides does not exceed permissible levels.

Unsuitable for food purposes and to be destroyed and disposed of include carcasses and organs of animals suffering from the following diseases: anthrax, emphysematous carbuncle, glanders, rabies, malignant edema, bradzot, infectious enterotoxemia of sheep, botulism, tetanus, tularemia, infectious anemia of horses, and horses. cattle, plague of small ruminants, spongiform encephalopathy of cattle, sheep and goats, horse's enzootic lymphangitis, trichinosis, myxomatosis and rabbit hemorrhagic disease, Newk slovskaya disease, generalized form of tuberculosis and leukemia, tumors of extensive damage, as well as the animals killed in a state of agony;

- carcasses and organs of animals in any diseases involving muscular dystrophy, exhaustion, persistent discoloration (yellowness, etc.), purulent foci in lymph nodes and muscles, the presence of foreign odors, with signs of putrefactive decomposition;

Do not use for food purposes: liver with purulent inflammation, cirrhosis, jaundice, tumors, severe parasitic damage and changes in the parenchyma of the organ; heart with tumors, pericarditis, myocarditis; lungs with pneumonia, pleurisy, tumors, tuberculosis, severe parasitic lesions, presence of purulent foci, with slaughter aspiration with blood or stomach contents; kidneys with nephritis, nephrosis, tumors, kidney stones; spleen for any pathological changes; udder for mastitis.

The conditionally fit meat (carcasses and organs) obtained during the slaughter of sick animals and, in accordance with the current Rules, may be allowed to be eaten after decontamination, i.e.
suitable for food, provided it is neutralized.

Neutralization of conditionally fit meat allows people to use valuable products for food and prevent the spread of infectious and invasive diseases through meat products.

Meat obtained from animals in the absence of exhaustion, dystrophic changes in muscles and generalization of the pathological process is allowed to neutralize.

By provarkoy (or manufacturing canned food and meat loaves) decontaminated products of slaughter animals in diseases such cattle as salmonellosis, leptospirosis, Q fever, chlamydial abortion animals, vesicular stomatitis, bluetongue, lobular tuberculosis and brucellosis, malignant catarrhal fever of cattle, equine encephalomyelitis, infectious diseases of young animals (diplococcal septicemia, colibacteriosis, streptococcosis, dysentery of lambs and pigs, enzootic bronchopneumonia), weak cysticercus lesion; malignant and multiple benign neoplasms, multiple abscesses in the internal organs;

diseases of the birds: the flu listeriosis, campylobacteriosis, tularemia, brucellosis, necrobacteriosis, pseudotuberculosis, aspergillosis, scab, candidomycosis, histomoniasis, spirochetosis, sarkosporidiosis, visceral gout, peritonitis, trauma and Namin.

The method of provarki disinfects the carcasses of animals killed in the midst of radiation sickness and when the content of radionuclides is above acceptable levels. Such meat is allowed to neutralize the ambassador and deboning.

Neutralization by making boiled, cooked-smoked sausages or provocation of meat is carried out (in the absence of salmonella in it) for the following diseases: foot-and-mouth disease, swine vesicular disease, contagious pleuropneumonia, classical swine fever, Aujeszky's disease, paratuberculosis, sheep sheep, paratuberculosis, sheep, and a sheep. ), infectious rhinotracheitis, parainfluenza-3, adenovirus infection, viral diarrhea, leukemia (with damage to individual organs), cattle campylobacteriosis, pasteurellosis, swine erysipelas, listeriosis, Visna sheep and goat adenomatosis and adenoma pig viral gastroenteritis, scabies, trichophytosis, white muscle disease, ketoses, endemic diseases.

Disinfection by freezing or salting is allowed for conditionally suitable meat only with a weak infection with its cysticerci.

The conclusion on the results of the post-mortem veterinary-sanitary examination is indicated by stamps that are applied to carcasses of meat, offal and other products of processing of slaughter animals in the prescribed manner.
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