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Specific features of the structure and function of the mammary gland of females of different species of animals. sssn Breast Diseases and Abnormalities

Mastitis in animals: causes, pathogenesis, signs, classification, treatment and prevention
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Specific features of the structure and function of the mammary gland of females of different species of animals. sssn Breast Diseases and Abnormalities

  1. Features of the structure of the pelvis of females of different types of animals
    Features of the structure of the pelvis in cows The configuration of the pelvis in the cow is not very conducive to the flow of labor. The iliac bones rise almost at right angles. The entrance to the pelvis has the shape of an oval oblate from the sides. The transverse diameter of the pelvic cavity is less than the average transverse diameter of the entrance to the pelvis. Sciatic crests are highly developed. The exit from the pelvis is laterally limited by the ischial tubercles. Rough with
  2. External and internal genital organs, their anatomical and histological structure and specific features of cows, sheep, pigs, mares and females of animals of other species
    Features of the structure of the reproductive organs of the cow The reproductive organs of females are divided into external and internal. By the external include labia, clitoris and vestibule of the vagina; internal - the vagina, uterus, ovarian-water, ovaries. Labia have the appearance of two rollers. The lower junction of the labia lips forms an acute angle, the upper - rounded. Several inwards from the lower junction of the labia
  3. FEATURES OF BRCA-ASSOCIATED BREAST CANCER AND METHODS OF PREVENTION OF HERITARY FORMS OF BREAST CANCER AND OVARIANS
    CM. Tailor, L.N. Lyubchenko, S.N. Blokhin, B.O. Toloknov, K.I. Jordania, A.N. Gritsay, O.A. Anurova, A.L. Arzumanyan, E.H. Kuchmezov, A.I. Vasilenko, K.P. Laktionov RCRC them. NN Blokhina RAMS, Moscow Objectives - an analysis of the tactics of treatment of breast cancer and prevention of breast cancer and ovarian cancer in women who carry the BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. Hereditary frequency
  4. Diseases of the female genital organs and the mammary glands. Diseases of the cervix uterus. DISEASES OF THE BODY OF THE UTERUS. Diseases of uterine tubes. Diseases of the ovaries. BREAST DISEASES
    Diseases of the female genital organs and the mammary glands. Diseases of the cervix uterus. DISEASES OF THE BODY OF THE UTERUS. Diseases of uterine tubes. Diseases of the ovaries. DAIRY DISEASES
  5. RECEPTOR STATUS OF STEROID BREAST TUMOR HORMONES, HER2NEU EXPRESSION AND LYMPHOGENIC METASTASIS IN BREAST CANCER
    Shalaeva G.V., Chukhrai O.Yu., Brovko V.N., Yasakov V.G., Gan O.G. Clinical Oncologic Dispensary DZ Krasnodar Territory Research Objective: To study the dependence of lymphogenous metastasis of breast cancer on the receptor status of the tumor and the level of expression of the Her-2 / neu protein. Materials and Methods: 651 cases of invasive ductal cancer operative material were analyzed.
  6. Breast structure
    The mammary glands of a woman consist of lobules and ducts - milk ducts, which are combined into a single channel that goes into the nipple. Hormonal changes occurring in the body after the birth of a child, stimulate the formation of milk in special cells of the dairy lobules. Through the milk passages, the milk enters the common milk duct passing through the nipple. The breast gland is arranged simultaneously and
  7. FEATURES OF LYMPHATIC KNOTTED TOPOGRAPHY IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF ANIMALS
    The anatomical position of the lymph nodes in different types of slaughter animals has its own characteristics. In cattle and sheep, the lymph nodes are oval in shape, surrounded by adipose tissue and have a gray or intense gray color in the incision. In pigs, the shape of the lymph nodes is rounded, sometimes a little bumpy. On the cut, the color of the lymph nodes is light yellow (they look like fat, but more dense
  8. FEATURES OF THE ANATOMIC STRUCTURE OF ANIMAL DIFFERENT SPECIES
    The animal organism consists of organs united in organ systems. The following organ systems are distinguished: voluntary movement, skin, digestion, respiration, excretion, reproduction, blood and lymph circulation with the system of immune defense organs, the nervous system and the organ system
  9. Diseases of the breast.
    The mammary gland consists of lobules separated by layers of connective tissue. The lobule consists of a terminal duct, forming numerous tubular ramifications, ending in terminal sections called alveoli. Terminal ducts flow into subsegmental ducts, which, in turn, form a segmental duct. Segmental ducts are formed collective, dairy
  10. The duration of pregnancy in different types of animals
    The duration of pregnancy depends on the species characteristics of the animal. The smaller the female, the shorter the pregnancy. The gestational age also depends on the number of fetuses, their sex, the conditions of feeding and keeping of the animal, its age. If the animal develops a male fetus, the pregnancy is extended by several days. With twins and triplets, pregnancy is shorter. At first-pregnant
  11. Diseases of the female genital organs and mammary glands.
    1. The term “transformation zone” is understood as 1. healing endocervicosis 2. ecto-and endocervix connection line 3. anatomical border between the cervix and the body of the uterus 2. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is a stage of cancer development 1. fibrous 3. small-cell 2. colloid 4. squamous 3. Types of endometrium, giving rise to polyps 1. atrophic 2. functioning 3.
  12. Forms of manifestation of glanders in animals of different species.
    Many researchers, when considering the epizootology of glanders in horses, note that camels, cats, guinea pigs, to a lesser extent rabbits, field mice and moles, are sick with this infection. SN Vyshelesky (1935) described a case where from early January to late March 1933 in the Alma-Ata zoo after feeding meat from a sick horse, the lynx, the leopard, two badgers, and the leopard died
  13. Types of placentas in different animal species
    In the placenta of mammals, two parts are distinguished: the maternal (altered mucous membrane of the uterus) and the fetal (villi of the chorion of the fetus). By the nature of the connections of the maternal and fetal parts of the placenta, the following forms are distinguished: - achoric (lint-free) (kangaroo, female whale); - epithelial (mare, pig, camel); - desmohororial (cow, sheep, goat); - endothelial
  14. Diseases of the female genital organs and mammary glands. Pathology of pregnancy.
    Diseases of the female genital organs are divided into: 1) dishormonal; 2) inflammatory: 3) tumor. Among dishormonal diseases, glandular hyperplasia of the uterine mucous membrane and pseudo-erosion of the uterus are frequent. With endometrial glandular hyperplasia, there is a sharp thickening due to polypous processes. Histologically distinguish glandular-cystic and atypical hyperplasia, or diffuse
  15. Male and female karyotypes in various animal species
    Male and female karyotypes in various species
  16. Mammary gland
    During pregnancy, changes occur in the mammary glands to prepare for subsequent lactation. Increased blood supply to the mammary glands. As a result of hormonal changes under the action of estrogen, progesterone, placental lactogen, proliferative processes occur in the tissues of the ducts and alveoli. Their number increases. When this occurs, the increase in the volume of slices
  17. MAMMARY CANCER
    Jane E. Henney, Vincent T. DeVita (Jane E. Henney, Vincent T. DeVita, Jr.) Breast cancer is very common among women in the Western Hemisphere. In 1985, 119,000 women and approximately 1,000 men with this disease were registered in the United States. In recent years, lung cancer has become the most frequent cause of death for women from malignant neoplasms, but until recently the first
  18. Anatomy of the mammary glands
    The mammary glands develop from the ectoderm and are modified skin sweat apocrine glands. In humans, the MFs begin to develop on the 6th week of intrauterine life. At first, on the ventrolateral walls of the body, from the armpit to the inguinal region, two ribbon-like epithelium thickenings, called "milk lines", appear (Fig. 1). From this epithelium as a result of it
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