Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous || Next >> |
Solutions of medicinal mixtures for calves up to 3 days are injected into the area of the hungry fossa on both sides, from 3-5 days - only on the right side. The injection site is in the middle of the line connecting the ileal tubercle with the last rib, 6-8 cm below the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae, depending on the age and size of the calf. The injection site is cut and treated with tincture of iodine.
For the introduction of a sterile mixture, take 100-200 g. a syringe, prepared as for internal administration, with an appropriate needle. After puncture of the skin, the needle with the mandrel is introduced gradually towards the middle part of the abdominal cavity, somewhat from top to bottom and from front to back at an angle of 45-50 °. In this case, the fingers feel the passage of the needle through all layers. Advancing the needle, remove the mandrin and connect the needle to a syringe or Bobrov’s apparatus. With a free needle in the abdominal cavity, the solution is easy. Severely ill calves mixes are administered from the abdomen. At the same time, the calf is lifted by the pelvic limbs, an injection is made in the area of the last nipples, retreating from the white line for 2-3 cm.
Intraperitoneal administration of drugs to piglets and lambs is not difficult. They are fixed for the pelvic limbs head down. In this case, the intestines are displaced cranially. The injection site between the last pairs of nipples, departing from the white line by 1-1.5 cm on either side with raised pelvic limbs to the body of the animal.
Medicinal mixtures can be used to treat animals with acetonemia, ketonuria, ketonolactia, atony and poisoning of various etiologies. The mixture is administered to cows in the region of the hungry fossa on the right at the intersection of 2 lines from the external tubercle of the ilium to the last rib and below the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae by 10-12 cm. The needle is introduced from top to bottom, front to back towards the upper third of the leg of the left limb at an angle of 40-45 ° to the body of the animal.
6. Intrathoracic and intrapulmonary routes of administration
These methods are used for the prophylaxis and treatment of pulmonary diseases of calves using micronized antimicrobial preparations for the microflora of the respiratory system, as well as for the effectiveness of therapeutic measures.
Medicinal solutions are injected into the thoracic cavity when the animal is standing on the right or left side with an interval of 24 hours between 8-9 m ribs, retreating 1.5-2 cm from the costal junction with the vertebra. The needle is inserted at an angle of 35-40 ° to a depth of 2-2.5 cm.
In the intrapulmonary method, solutions of medicinal substances are injected into the lungs to a depth of 2.5-3 cm at the front edge of the 6-8th ribs 8-10 cm above the line of the shoulder-shoulder joint with the obligatory fixation of animals.
| << Previous || Next >> |
| = Skip to textbook content = |
- Intra-peritoneal chemotherapy for disseminated rectal cancer
Porunov V.Yu., Igitov V.I., Lazarev A.F., Mamontov G.K., Belonozhka A.V., Lazarev S.A., Elinov A.P., Kovrigin A.O. AF RONTs im.N.N. Blokhin RAMS, Barnaul Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of using intraperitoneal chemotherapy for disseminated colorectal cancer with lesions of the peritoneum. Material and methods: Intraperitoneal administration for 71 patients in the coloproctology department of the GUZ AKOD
- Abstract. Methods of drug administration, 2010
Subcutaneous administration Intramuscular administration Intravenous administration Intraosseous administration Intraperitoneal administration Intrathoracic and intrapulmonary methods of drug administration Autohemotherapy Bloodletting Intratracheal administration Scarring and drug administration
- Administration Methods
AEROSOL INHALATION Endobronchial administration usually results in a high local concentration of the drug without systemic side effects. Examples are bronchodilator P-agonists, inhaled corticosteroids, and pentamidine. However, some inhaled solutions reaching the lung parenchyma are quickly absorbed by the large surface of the capillary bed (e.g.
- Intratracheal administration
In clinical practice for lung diseases, medicinal substances are administered intratracheally using a probe. Before administration, the probe is disinfected and lubricated with petroleum jelly. For large animals, the probe is inserted through the nasal cavity to the pharynx and in between the swallowing movements it is further advanced. With the correct insertion of the probe into the trachea, the animal develops a cough that soon disappears. To
The International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main tool for statistical development of information on public health and the activities of health facilities. It provides methodological unity and comparability of the results of a study of the incidence of the population, causes of death, and reasons for contacting medical institutions, both within the country and between countries.
- INTRODUCTION OF FEEDING
The timely introduction of correctly selected foods for complementary foods contributes to improving health, improving nutritional status and physical development of infants and young children during the period of accelerated growth, and therefore should be the focus of the health care system. Throughout the period of complementary feeding, breast milk should remain the main type of milk,
Today, one of the most sought-after professions is the profession of a psychologist. Currently, more than 150 universities in the country are training relevant specialists. The existing experience of their preparation in high school convincingly proves that the image of the future graduate profession should be the same object of formation as professional knowledge, skills, and ways of thinking. In connection with
- Intradermal vaccine
The intradermal administration of the vaccine for therapeutic purposes is used by cadets in the treatment of patients with toxoplasmosis or brucellosis. In the treatment room of the treatment department, the cadet should independently administer toxoplasmin toxoplasmosis patients intradermally under the supervision of a teacher (intern). Previously, he makes dilutions of the vaccine 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 times and produces a titration test for
Iron deficiency is one of the most common malnutrition in the world and, according to experts, affects more than three billion people. In terms of severity, it ranges from depletion of iron reserves, which does not cause any decrease in physiological activity, to iron deficiency anemia and can affect the mental development and development of motor skills. Special
- INTRODUCTION AND REMOVAL OF IUDS.
Since the methods of administration for different types of IUDs are different from each other, you should get acquainted each time and follow the instructions for the technique of introducing IUDs. The following IUD instructions apply to all types of intrauterine devices. 1. Explain to the patient what the procedure for administering the IUD is. 2. Conduct a thorough gynecological (bimanual) examination for
- Routes of administration of drugs
The choice of the route of administration of drugs depends on the severity of the patient’s condition, the necessary duration of their continuous administration, the nature of the disease, the age of the patient and the manual capabilities of medical personnel. According to the speed of reaching a peak concentration of drugs in the bloodstream, the following routes of drug administration are distinguished: ¦ intra-arterial; ¦ intravenous; ¦ intratracheal; ¦ sublingual (in
- I. INTRODUCTION
Before the introduction of aseptic and antiseptic methods, postoperative mortality reached 80%: patients died from purulent, putrefactive and gangrenous processes. The nature of rotting and fermentation, discovered in 1863 by Louis Pasteur, became an incentive for the development of microbiology and practical surgery, and it has been argued that microorganisms are also the cause of many wound complications. In this essay will be
- Intraosseous injections
They are shown in the following cases: in the presence of injured large veins, intoxication, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract; small animals - with a small diameter of veins; with prolonged drip infusions; in shock, when the veins are in a collapsed state; pigs - if intravenous infusion is difficult. For intraosseous injections, strong needles are used. In the olives of these needles
I would advise you to skip this introduction - it is much more complicated than other sections and can create a misconception about the book. I decided to include it in order to show some readers why our traditional way of thinking is wonderful, but still inadequate. The rear wheels of the car can be excellent, but they themselves are inferior. Having developed one aspect of thinking, we are proud of it and
- Subcutaneous administration
In the treatment of animals, parenteral administration of liquid dosage forms into the body is widely used, that is, bypassing the digestive canal. For these purposes, injection needles, syringes, special devices, various devices are used, strictly observing the rules of asepsis and antiseptics. At the place chosen for the injection, the hair is cut off, the skin is cleaned with alcohol or twice moistened with alcohol
Relevance. The concepts of “personality orientation”, introduced into scientific use by C. L. Rubinstein, was developed, first of all, in distinguishing various types of orientation. In particular, in the psychological literature personal, collectivist, business (B. Bass, V. Smekal and M. Kucher, M.S. Neymark), humanistic, selfish, depressive, suicidal (D. I.
In strengthening health, increasing efficiency and preventing colds, hardening is a good help. It is important to begin hardening of the body in childhood, when thermoregulation is in the process of formation, and mechanisms of immunobiological protection develop. For complete hardening, it is necessary to use a set of hardening procedures, observing the principles
The training course “Age Psychology” has been introduced into the curricula of all faculties of pedagogical universities in connection with the transition to multi-level student education, with the new requirements of the State standard of higher professional education in the framework of advanced training and retraining of practical workers in faculties of advanced training of educational workers. In the study guide