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Intraosseous administration

They are shown in the following cases: in the presence of injured large veins, intoxication, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract; small animals - with a small diameter of veins; with prolonged drip infusions; in shock, when the veins are in a collapsed state; pigs - if intravenous infusion is difficult.

For intraosseous injections, strong needles are used. A nozzle with a hat is inserted into the olives of these needles, creating a good palm rest. The simplest and most effective method of intraosseous administration of drugs is feasible in calves. Fix them in a standing position. The needle is inserted in the center of the finger-shaped indentation of the triangular protrusion of the macloca in the direction back, down and slightly inward to a depth of 1.0-1.5 cm until the crackle of the punctured trabeculae of the so-called "failure" is felt. After administration, the mandrel is removed from the needle, a syringe filled with the drug solution is attached, the needle is pulled back 2-3 cm, and the solution is introduced with some effort.
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Intraosseous injections

  1. Intracranial anesthesia
    Intraosseous anesthesia is a type of intravenous. With her, the vascular bed of the limb, which is separated by a tourniquet from the blood supply system, is filled with a solution of local anesthetic through a needle inserted into the spongy part of the bone. This method is rightly called Russian. S. B. Freiman (1948-1951), I. L. Krupko, A. V. Vorontsov, S. S. took part in its creation and development.
  2. Abstract. Methods of drug administration, 2010
    Subcutaneous administration Intramuscular administration Intravenous administration Intraosseous administration Intraperitoneal administration Intrathoracic and intrapulmonary administration of drugs Autohemotherapy Bloodletting Intratracheal administration Scarring and drug administration
  3. Routes of administration of drugs
    The choice of the route of administration of drugs depends on the severity of the patient’s condition, the necessary duration of their continuous administration, the nature of the disease, the age of the patient and the manual capabilities of medical personnel. According to the speed of reaching a peak concentration of drugs in the bloodstream, the following routes of drug administration are distinguished: ¦ intra-arterial; ¦ intravenous; ¦ intratracheal; ¦ sublingual (in
  4. Administration Methods
    AEROSOL INHALATION Endobronchial administration usually results in a high local concentration of the drug without systemic side effects. Examples are bronchodilator P-agonists, inhaled corticosteroids, and pentamidine. However, some inhaled solutions reaching the lung parenchyma are quickly absorbed by the large surface of the capillary bed (e.g.
  5. Intratracheal administration
    In clinical practice for lung diseases, medicinal substances are administered intratracheally using a probe. Before administration, the probe is disinfected and lubricated with petroleum jelly. For large animals, the probe is inserted through the nasal cavity to the pharynx and in between the swallowing movements it is further advanced. With the correct insertion of the probe into the trachea, the animal develops a cough that soon disappears. To
  6. INTRODUCTION
    The International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main tool for statistical development of information on public health and the activities of health facilities. It provides methodological unity and comparability of the results of a study of the incidence of the population, causes of death, and reasons for contacting medical institutions, both within the country and between countries.
  7. INTRODUCTION OF FEEDING
    The timely introduction of correctly selected foods for complementary foods contributes to improving health, improving nutritional status and physical development of infants and young children during the period of accelerated growth, and therefore should be the focus of the health care system. Throughout the period of complementary feeding, breast milk should remain the main type of milk,
  8. INTRODUCTION
    Today, one of the most sought-after professions is the profession of a psychologist. Currently, more than 150 universities in the country are training relevant specialists. The existing experience of their preparation in high school convincingly proves that the image of the future graduate profession should be the same object of formation as professional knowledge, skills, and ways of thinking. In connection with
  9. Intradermal vaccine
    The intradermal administration of the vaccine for therapeutic purposes is used by cadets to treat patients with toxoplasmosis or brucellosis. In the treatment room of the treatment department, the cadet should independently administer toxoplasmin toxoplasmosis patients intradermally under the supervision of a teacher (intern). Previously, he makes dilutions of the vaccine 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 times and produces a titration test for
  10. Introduction
    Iron deficiency is one of the most common malnutrition in the world and, according to experts, affects more than three billion people. In terms of severity, it ranges from depletion of iron reserves, which does not cause any decrease in physiological activity, to iron deficiency anemia and can affect the mental development and development of motor skills. Special
  11. INTRODUCTION AND REMOVAL OF IUDS.
    Since the methods of administration for different types of IUDs are different from each other, you should get acquainted each time and follow the instructions for the technique of introducing IUDs. The following IUD instructions apply to all types of intrauterine devices. 1. Explain to the patient what the procedure for administering the IUD is. 2. Conduct a thorough gynecological (bimanual) examination for
  12. I. INTRODUCTION
    Before the introduction of aseptic and antiseptic methods, postoperative mortality reached 80%: patients died from purulent, putrefactive and gangrenous processes. The nature of rotting and fermentation, discovered in 1863 by Louis Pasteur, became an incentive for the development of microbiology and practical surgery, and it has been argued that microorganisms are also the cause of many wound complications. In this essay will be
  13. Introduction
    I would advise you to skip this introduction - it is much more complicated than other sections and can create a misconception about the book. I decided to include it in order to show some readers why our traditional way of thinking is wonderful, but still inadequate. The rear wheels of the car can be excellent, but they themselves are inferior. Having developed one aspect of thinking, we are proud of it and
  14. Subcutaneous administration
    In the treatment of animals, parenteral administration of liquid dosage forms into the body is widely used, that is, bypassing the digestive canal. For these purposes, injection needles, syringes, special devices, various devices are used, strictly observing the rules of asepsis and antiseptics. At the place chosen for the injection, the hair is cut off, the skin is cleaned with alcohol or twice moistened with alcohol
  15. Intraperitoneal administration
    Solutions of medicinal mixtures for calves up to 3 days are injected into the hungry fossa on both sides, from 3-5 days - only on the right side. The injection site is located in the middle of the line connecting the ilium tubercle with the last rib, 6-8 cm below the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae, depending on the age and size of the calf. The injection site is cut and treated with tincture of iodine. For
  16. INTRODUCTION
    Relevance. The concepts of “personality orientation”, introduced into scientific use by C. L. Rubinstein, was developed, first of all, in distinguishing various types of orientation. In particular, in the psychological literature personal, collectivist, business (B. Bass, V. Smekal and M. Kucher, M.S. Neymark), humanistic, selfish, depressive, suicidal (D. I.
  17. Introduction
    In strengthening health, increasing efficiency and preventing colds, hardening is a good help. It is important to begin hardening of the body in childhood, when thermoregulation is in the process of formation, and mechanisms of immunobiological protection develop. For complete hardening, it is necessary to use a set of hardening procedures, observing the principles
  18. INTRODUCTION
    The training course “Age Psychology” has been introduced into the curricula of all faculties of pedagogical universities in connection with the transition to multi-level student education, with the new requirements of the State standard of higher professional education in the framework of advanced training and retraining of practical workers in faculties of advanced training of educational workers. In the study guide
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