the main
about the project
Medicine news
To authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Ahead Next >>

Inversion century

Etiology. When inverting, a part or all of the edges of the eyelids turn out and move away from the cornea. Causes of eyelid reversal are: 1) damage with a large tissue defect (wounds, burns, eczema, dermatitis), when the scar tissue that develops at the injury site delays the edge of the eyelid outward - cicatricial reversal; 2) diseases of the conjunctiva, when strongly edematous tissue pushes the edge of the eyelid from the eye - spastic inversion; 3) facial nerve palsy, when, due to the lack of circular muscle tone, the lower edge of the eyelid hangs and twists out - paralytic inversion appears; 4) senile atrophy of the circular muscle and flabbiness of the skin - senile eversion; In addition, the eyelid reversal may be due to neoplasms of the conjunctiva, orbit and skin of the eyelids, sometimes it is also congenital.

Clinical signs. The edge of the eyelid is not adjacent to the eyeball, and turned out. Conjunctiva according to the magnitude of the inversion is exposed, exposed to external influences and pollution. Tearing is observed, as the lacrimal point departs from the eye along with the eyelid; it is not immersed in the tear lake, the tears do not enter it and begin to overflow, wetting the skin.
This causes epithelial maceration and eczema. Conjunctiva, due to constant irritation with air, becomes inflamed and then hypertrophied. The cornea due to incomplete closure of the eyelids is irritated, infiltrated, and an ulcer may develop in it.

Forecast. For large cicatricial inversions, the prognosis is cautious to unfavorable, while minor reversals are easily treatable.

Treatment. If possible, eliminate the cause of the disease. When paralytic vyvorota prescribe treatment recommended for paralysis of the facial and oculomotor nerves: the appropriate use of massage along the nerve with rubbing irritating ointments; darsonvalization for 10–15 min daily for 2–3 weeks; faradization with an exposure of 30 minutes before the appearance of muscle contractions; diathermogalvanization, in which, during the first 10 minutes, one diathermic current of 0.5 A is given, then a galvanic current of 30 mA is applied for 20 minutes.

Cicatricial inversion can be cured by applying plastic surgery with excision of the scar. The most common and reliable operations are considered according to the methods of Dieffenbach, Szymanowski.
<< Ahead Next >>
= Go to tutorial content =

Inversion century

  1. UTERTAKE TURN
    Inversion of the uterus - severe pathology, which is extremely rare. Inversion of the uterus is that the bottom of the uterus begins to form a funnel, the convex curvature of which faces the uterine cavity, and the concave curvature into the abdominal cavity. The funnel gradually deepens, and the uterus reversed as if inside out falls outside (the inner surface of the uterus is facing out). If the inversion occurred in
  2. Inversion of the vagina
    Inversion of the vagina (inversio vaginae) - protrusion of the vaginal wall from the genital slit to the outside may occur at the end of pregnancy in cows, goats, less often in other animals. Etiology. Inversion of the vagina occurs as a result of relaxation of the apparatus, fixing the genitals. Adynamia or hypodynamia, inadequate feeding, sloping floor in the livestock building,
  3. Anomalies and diseases of the eyelids, lacrimal organs, conjunctiva
    Century anomalies: century coloboma; inversion, eversion of the century; epicanthus, ptosis, and others. Features of the course in children. Treatment. Inflammatory diseases of the eyelids: barley, halazion, blepharitis. Features of the course in children. Treatment. Anomalies of the development of the lacrimal organs: the absence of tear points; constriction of tear ducts. Inflammatory diseases of the lacrimal organs: dacryadenitis; canaliculitis; dacryocystitis. Special features
  4. CURRENT CENTURY
    Inversion of the eyelids is a pathological condition in which the edges of the eyelids turn inward towards the eyeball, contributing to the trauma of the conjunctiva and the cornea. In Persian cats, this is a congenital defect that occurs quite often. Quite often, an eyelid twist develops as a complication of chronic conjunctivitis. Symptoms: increased tearing, eye canal narrowed, cornea cloudy,
  5. Inversion
    Inversion of the eyelids may be in all animals, but most often it is observed in dogs. In this disease, the plane of the free edge of the eyelids, which normally adjoins the eyeball evenly, all or for some extent turned inward. With a strong degree of torsion, not only the free edge, but also the skin surface of the eyelid together with the eyelashes is turned to the eye, which causes irritation of the cornea. AT
  6. Inflammation of the eyelids
    Etiology. Inflammation of the eyelids may be due to a variety of causes. The most common cause is irritation of the eyelids as a result of mechanical, thermal or chemical effects. If the integrity of the skin is compromised, microbes, parasitic fungi can penetrate, which leads to the appearance of parasitic and infectious diseases. Inflammation of the eyelids can cause various complications of wounds, bruises, burns;
  7. IN THE CENTURY OF EDUCATION
    XVIII century. marked the entry of humanity into the era of modern times - a historical period characterized by modernization in many areas of life. The ideological basis of the modernization process was education, which in Europe (and in Russia too) became a broad cultural movement, thanks to which contemporaries themselves called their century the “Age of Enlightenment.” Freethinking, thirst for knowledge and
  8. Veterinary medicine of noble Russia (XVIII century)
    For Russia, the eighteenth century was the heyday of Peter the Great's reforms. It was characterized by the strengthening of feudal-serf relations, the development of trade and industry, the organization of educational and scientific institutions. In 1725 the Academy of Sciences was opened. A university and a gymnasium were created for the training of new scientific personnel. In 1755 Moscow University was opened. AT
  9. GOLDEN AGE SURGERY
    Since the times of ancient civilizations, surgery, as the most radical part of medicine, has come a long and difficult way. However, the most impressive and brilliant achievements of scientists and surgeons from different countries, including Russia, were marked by the twentieth century, which can rightly be called the “golden age”
  10. Acute eyelid diseases
    Century abscess Century abscess is an acute suppurative inflammation of the soft tissues of the century. It develops after improper treatment of barley, abrasions, wounds, festering hematomas, brow furrow and purulent processes in the periorbital area. CLINICAL PICTURE Complaints: ¦ pain in the eyelid, often throbbing; Difficulty in opening the eye; ¦ phenomena of general intoxication (headache, fever,
  11. Session 6 THE GOLDEN AGE OF CLINICAL MEDICINE IN RUSSIA
    Questions for discussion: 1. Formation of clinical medicine. The approval of the clinical method. The activities of G. Burhaave (1668 - 1738). The introduction of physical examination methods. Formation of domestic deontology. Domestic therapists: M.Ya. Mudrov, S.P. Botkin, G.A. Zakharyin. 2. Formation of surgery on a scientific basis. The doctrine of blood transfusion. Opening K. Landsteynera. Discovery and
  12. XXI CENTURY - ERA OF NEW ACHIEVEMENTS OF HORMONAL CONTRACEPTION
    Hormonal contraception for almost a 40-year period of its rapid development has proven itself not only as one of the most effective methods of preventing unplanned pregnancy, but also as a new, very promising area of ​​medicine. Many studies on this issue, conducted in a number of foreign countries and in our country, have revealed a number of its therapeutic and protective properties,
  13. Physical development of socially differing populations of children and adolescents living in different territories of Russia in the first decade of the 21st century
    In the previous paragraph, the hygienic characteristics of the studied populations of children and adolescents were given and their social differences were shown. Since physical development is considered as an indicator of the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population, it can be assumed that it will have differences in these populations. For the description and analysis of indicators of physical development were selected
  14. Hygienic characteristics of socially different populations of children and adolescents living in different territories of Russia in the first decade of the 21st century
    The study was performed by the method of natural hygienic experiment using methods of epidemiological research. The populations of children and adolescents were studied: 1. Children living in the conditions of the Moscow metropolis and studying in 11 general education institutions (longitudinal observation). 2. Children and teenagers - social orphans, pupils of state
  15. Session 3 Theme: DEVELOPMENT OF MEDICINE IN RUSSIA IN THE EPOCH OF DEVELOPED THEODALISM (XVIII CENTURY)
    Aims and objectives: 1. To characterize the changes that have occurred in the socio-economic situation of Russia and the end of the XVII beginning of the XVIII centuries, as conditions for the accelerated development of medicine. 2. To consider the formation of medicine as a system within its sections. 3. To determine the emergence of objective prerequisites for the formation of professional assistance to the population. The organization of medical care in
  16. EYE DISEASES
    Diseases of the eyelids. Inflammatory processes of the eyelids - a frequent phenomenon in dogs. They result from injuries, avitaminosis, chemical and thermal burns, penetration of microbes, viruses, some parasites (scabies, demodicosis). Simple, or scaly, blepharitis. The disease is characterized by hyperemia, sometimes thickening of the edges of the eyelids, the appearance of epidermal rejection cells at the base of the eyelashes
  17. URGENT CONDITIONS IN OPHTHALMOLOGY
    The high functional significance of the organ of vision, through which a person receives most of the information about the outside world (90%), the complexity of the structure, virtually insecurity from environmental factors and as a result, light vulnerability imposes a special responsibility when providing medical care. In some cases, the doctor (paramedic) ambulance first provides "eye"
  18. Diseases of the joints
    The most common in dogs are exudative, septic and purulent diseases of the joints. Aseptic serous synovitis. It is characterized by serous exudation, as a result of which the joint cavity overflows, which is accompanied by some enlargement of the joint space and protrusion of the front and rear folds. The pressure from the latter is transmitted to the front, and vice versa. When this occurs
  19. Postpartum hemorrhage
    Postpartum hemorrhage is a condition where the total blood loss in the third stage of labor and in the first 24 hours after birth through the birth canal exceeds 500 ml. The prevalence is 4%. Risk factors: prolonged third stage of labor, pre-eclampsia, multiple pregnancy, imposition of obstetric forceps, mediolateral episiotomy. The most common causes: atony
  20. INJURY OF THE MOTHER AND FRUIT.
    During pregnancy, there is an increase in uterine extensibility. This is due to an increase in the number of blood and lymphatic vessels, as well as an increase in the level of hyaluronidase. In childbirth, there is always an injury to the soft genital tract, small tears of the uterus are formed. Classification of birth injury. 1) rupture of the uterus 2) rupture of the perineum (three degrees)
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2016
info@medicine-guidebook.com