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Goiter obstruction, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract


These diseases are most common in chickens when feeding improperly prepared feed mixtures containing films of such crops as barley and oats, as well as when feeding poorly chopped and coarse grass. When a goiter is completely blocked, its swelling is also possible, which leads to overstretching of its walls and paralysis of the goiter muscles. The bird loses its appetite, it develops lethargy. In the goiter, dense forages are felt, shortness of breath appears.
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines occurs after feeding low-quality food, which leads to disruption of the digestive tract. Fats rich in fiber can worsen the situation. They are accumulated in the muscular stomach due to low digestibility, forming a tangle, which leads to blockage of the stomach, damage to the liver and kidneys and to catarrh of the intestines.
The main symptom of gastroenteritis is a disorder with secretions of liquid manure.
For prophylactic purposes, chickens and turkey poults up to one month of age should receive grain feed mixtures freed from films and awns. The total fiber content in the diets of young stock should not exceed 4-5%. The feeding regime should be observed, avoiding long breaks between feedings, otherwise the young will begin to peck up litter material - sawdust, straw, etc.
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Goiter obstruction, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract

  1. Metabolic processes in the gastrointestinal tract
    Fluid and electrolytes are excreted in large quantities with digestive secretions in the gastrointestinal tract, but under normal conditions are mostly reabsorbed (Fig. 20). Fig. 20. Secretion of water and electrolysis (mEq / l of the amount of secretion indicated in the table) (Geigy). Potassium is secreted in the intestine (especially in the large intestine), namely in the exchange process it is replaced by sodium (Gooptu with
  2. Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract
    Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract is a problem that is often encountered by doctors in the United States (300 thousand hospital admissions annually). The degree of blood loss varies from small slow bleeding to life-threatening conditions conducive to the development of iron deficiency anemia. Mortality from bleeding from the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract in the United States is 8%. This indicator has changed little.
  3. Gastrointestinal lymphomas
    With systemic dissemination of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (see Chapter 13), any segment of the gastrointestinal tract may be secondarily involved. However, up to 40% of lymphomas do not develop in the lymph nodes, but in other organs, among which the intestine is the most frequent localization. By the time of recognition of the primary lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract, the tumor process does not affect either the liver or
  4. Gastrointestinal tumors
    The organs of the gastrointestinal tract (hollow organs, pancreas, liver, biliary tree) are much more common than in other systems of the body, there are various types of tumors, and such patients have a much higher probability of death. However, there is no single simple explanation for the etiology of tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. International studies
  5. Gastrointestinal tract
    More than half of pregnant women have increased appetite, weight gain can reach 400 g per week, and by the end of pregnancy is 12 kg. Such a change in the regulation of feelings of hunger and satiety provides the increased needs of the maternal organism for energy and plastic materials. Often marked taste distortions and whims associated with changes in the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract.
  6. Gastrointestinal system, kidneys and liver.
    Changes in the gastrointestinal tract during pregnancy are mainly related to its anatomical displacement by the increasing uterus. The axis of the stomach changes its position from vertical to horizontal, which leads to an increase in intragastric pressure and a change in the angle of the connection of the stomach with the esophagus. This in turn leads to a relative insufficiency of the esophageal sphincter. If
  7. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
    Conditions leading to dysphagia Causes: • ????? tumor esophageal stricture; • ???? achalasia; • ???? diffuse spasm of the esophagus; • ???? medicinal esophagitis; • ???? hernia hiatus; • ???? collagenosis; • ???? chemical burn of the esophagus; • ???? the diverticulum of the esophagus; • ???? esophagus infections (candidiasis). Features of anesthesia: • ???? preoperative preparation is necessary
  8. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
    ANATOMICAL FEATURES OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT The characteristics of the gastrointestinal tract determine the specificity of the clinical picture in pathological conditions. The oral cavity in the newborn is poorly developed, the mucous membrane is well vascularized, but relatively dryish due to the small amount of saliva. The newborn's saliva does not play a significant role in digestion, since it contains almost no enzymes and
  9. METHOD OF SURGERY OF THE ORGANS OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
    SURVEY ALGORITHM {foto29} Figure. 16. Algorithm for examination of the gastrointestinal tract. Examination of the gastrointestinal tract consists of examination, palpation, percussion and auscultation (Fig. 16). From the anamnesis, we learn about the nature of the food intake, the diet, the dependence of the pain syndrome on the time of the meal, etc. The main manifestations are bitter taste in the mouth, breath odor. Swallowing (free,
  10. Acute and chronic bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract
    There are many causes of bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract. Bleeding develops in one of two primary mechanisms: 1. Violation of the integrity of the mucous membrane, leading to the exposure of deep vessels, their erosion. For example, bleeding from stomach ulcers, bleeding from the intestines during infectious or idiopathic processes, from the small and large intestine during ischemia. 2
  11. LOSS OF JUICES OF GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
    The loss of juices in surgery plays an important role (vomiting, intestinal obstruction, fistulas of the gastrointestinal canal, diarrhea, exudation, etc.). At the same time there are a variety of violations (Table 18). If the pathological loss of juices occurred before admission to the hospital and targeted treatment, then the violations are eliminated in accordance with the principles set out in the chapter “Therapy Plan
  12. Practical recommendations for the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract
    Now, having a little acquainted with the technology of the gastrointestinal tract, you should do in accordance with it. So, practical recommendations. Do not drink plenty of fluids before meals. This diluted and washed into the lower sections of the gastrointestinal tract enzymes. Do not drink a lot of liquids immediately after a meal. Drunk liquid will not only dilute the digestive juices of the small intestine, but also wash away
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