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Malignant catarrhal fever

Malignant catarrhal fever (coruza gangrenosa) is an acute infectious disease of cattle and buffaloes, characterized by croupous inflammation of the mucous membranes of the head, eye and nervous system damage.

Etiology. The causative agent of malignant catarrhal fever belongs to the family Gerpesviridae.

Epizootological data. The peculiarity of the infection is that the disease is not transmitted by direct contact. The main carrier of the pathogen are animals of other species (sheep), and cattle - an epizootic deadlock. Reinfestation occurs by aerogenic means, with feed, drinking water, and it happens only if there is an extracellular pathogen in the environment or biological secrets. In cattle, the virus is located inside epithelial cells and therefore no infection occurs between animals of this species.

The course and symptoms. Clinical signs: chills, increased general (up to 40-42 ° C) and local (at the base of the horns) temperature, increased thirst, appetite decreases, milk secretion stops, hair is disheveled, dry skin, lymph nodes are increased, trembling of certain muscle groups is observed, staggering gait, anxiety attacks; on the 2-3rd day - photophobia, lacrimation, eyelid swelling, purulent discharge from the eyes. With a complicated course of the disease - ulcers on the cornea.
The inflammatory process gradually captures the nasal, frontal and maxillary cavities; there is a cough, shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing. Sick animals die on the 4-10th day with acute (90-100% of animals) and on the 14-20th with subacute disease (50-90% of animals).

Diagnosis. The diagnosis is made on the basis of epizootological data, symptoms of the disease, pathological changes and laboratory research results. The virus is isolated on a bovine thyroid cell culture. In the blood, antibodies are determined using RAC, ELISA. Identification of the culture virus and the pathogen in the biological material (cell lysate, affected tissues, peripheral blood leukocytes) is carried out using PCR.

Differential diagnosis. Exclude plague, foot and mouth disease, rabies, viral diarrhea, spongiform encephalopathy of cattle.

Treatment. Specific treatment methods are not developed. Sick animals are isolated and treated with antibiotics, sulfa drugs, and they also apply methods of symptomatic therapy.

Prevention and control measures. No means of specific prophylaxis. For the eradication of the disease, general antiepizootic measures are used - restriction of livestock movement, disinfection, quarantine of sick animals.
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Malignant catarrhal fever

  1. Malignant catarrhal burner
    Malignant catarrhal fever (lat - Coryza gangraenosa;. Eng - Malignantcatarrhal fever of ruminats;. LIM) - sporadic non-communicable, preferably acutely flowing disease of cattle, buffalo, deer and wild cloven-hoofed animals characterized by continuous type fever, croupous inflammation of the mucous respiratory and gastrointestinal membranes
  2. Malignant catarrhal burner
    Infectious non-contagious disease of cattle and buffalo, characterized by persistent fever, croupous inflammation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and the gastrointestinal tract, damage to the eyes and central nervous system. For catarrhal fever, except cattle (especially at a young age), buffaloes, goats, antelopes are susceptible
  3. Malignant phase of hypertension (malignant nephrosclerosis)
    Malignant nephrosclerosis is a kidney disease associated with the malignant or accelerated phase of hypertension. Hypertension of this type usually develops in previously normotensive patients, and also often in patients who have previously suffered from essential benign hypertension, secondary forms of hypertension or chronic renal diseases, especially glomerulonephritis and reflux
  4. Delirium tremens (Delirium tremens).
    At first glance, it seems strange that a disease that had killed many of its victims before may be a matter of teasing among those people who should fear it most. But it does not look strange if you understand that for people with self-destructive tendencies, the role of a popular joke is death. Blue Devils, or GD, is a psychosis that can occur after a long alcoholic
  5. Exudative-catarrhal diathesis
    Exudative-catarrhal diathesis is the ability of the hereditary congenital and acquired properties of the body to respond with an increased response of the skin and mucous membranes to individual external stimuli. Exudative-catarrhal diathesis is caused by genetic factors (genetic burden - in 70-80% of children), age characteristics of the enzyme system of the digestive tract and
  6. Інфекційна катаральна garyachka sheep
    Infektsiina cataralah (febris catarrhalis), a bazaar, a bazaar The link with the characteristic urazhennyam of the language of the branch is called “blue tongue” or “black mouth”.
  7. CHRONIC CATARAL LARINGIT
    With catarrhal laryngitis, on the first plane there is a sign of rosace of the bloodstream and blood flow, which is a common epithelium, which can be metaplazed from a cylindrical to a flat, rosy-lipped, worn out a little bit. In pіdepіtelіalnomu sharі v_dnaznacja krug-loklіtіnna інфілтрація. The main symptom characteristic of all forms of chronical laryngitis is є hoarseness. Virazhenіst її іза ід - від
  8. Acute catarrhal laryngitis
    Acute inflammation of the larynx mucosa (laryngitis satarrhalis acuta) is often observed as an independent disease. Often it is a continuation of catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, throat with a cold or acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, acute respiratory viral infection, flu; it may occur after voice overloads, inhalation of irritating
  9. CATARAL PNEUMONIA
    Clinic: common symptoms indicate the beginning of an inflammatory infectious process in the form of CNS intoxication, cardiovascular system, etc. Radiological signs are less pronounced than with croupous pneumonia. Blood test: small leukocytosis up to 10 thousand with a small rod - nuclear shift, there is no toxic leukocyte granularity. Urine ECG - no change. Local symptoms speak of
  10. Chronic catarrhal endometritis (endometritis catarrhalis chronica)
    Chronic catarrhal endometritis refers to chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus, characterized by a constant release of catarrhal exudate from the uterus. Etiology. Chronic catarrhal endometritis usually develops from acute endometritis, if the causes that caused it were not promptly resolved. In cows, chronic endometritis is most often the result of acute
  11. Exudative-catarrhal diathesis
    Exudative-catarrhal diathesis (EKD) is a constitutional feature of a child, in which there is a tendency to recurrent infiltrative-desquamatotic lesions of the skin and mucous membranes, the development of allergic reactions, prolonged inflammatory processes, lymphoid hyperplasia, and lability of water-salt metabolism. E p and d e m and about l about g and I. According to domestic authors,
  12. Exudative-catarrhal diathesis
    Exudative-catarrhal diathesis is a peculiar state of reactivity in young children, characterized by a tendency to recurrent infiltrative-desquamato lesions of the skin and mucous membranes, develop pseudo-allergic reactions and prolonged inflammatory processes, lymphoid hyperplasia, and a lysteroscle prosthesis. Etiology and pathogenesis are not definitively
  13. Chronic catarrhal-purulent endometritis (endometritis catarrhalis et purulenta chronica)
    Chronic catarrhal-purulent endometritis is called long-term inflammation of the uterine mucosa, accompanied by the release of mucopurulent exudate. Etiology. Chronic catarrhal-purulent endometritis usually develops from acute endometritis or arises from chronic catarrhal endometritis with the introduction of pyogenic microbes. Chronic
  14. Zloyak_sna kataralna garyachka great horny thinness
    The sinister cataract of the hot hog of the great horn of thinness (Coryza gangrenosa bovum, ZKG) is a guest of the unconsious ill of the great horn of the deer of the likeness of that bully, who is characterized by the hot, hardened of the humps of the humps of the little ones of the horn of the eyes of the bully of the horn of the eye Historical dovdka. First of all, the painter, under the name “Typhoid of the Great Horned Thinness,” stood at 1832 r. Anchor. At Russia
  15. Chronic catarrhal laryngitis
    In most cases, the disease is a result of often recurring acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx after hypothermia. For persons whose profession is connected with the load on the vocal apparatus (singers, readers, lecturers, etc.), the main etiological role may be played by its prolonged overstrain. Professional factors such as dust,
  16. Exudative-catarrhal diathesis
    -sm skin lesions: gneiss, seborrhea, milky crust, diaper rash, eczema dry and weeping, neurodermatitis, pruritus -sm mucosal lesions: "geographic tongue", conjunctivitis, blepharitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, vulvovaginitis , intestinal dysfunction —s-m functional changes in the nervous system — hyperplastic sm: an increase in peripheral lymph nodes — criteria
  17. Infectious catarrhal fever of sheep ("Blue tongue", bluetang)
    Sheep catarrhal fever (febris catarrhalis ovium) is an infectious disease that manifests itself with fever, inflammatory necrotic lesions of the digestive tract, tongue and degenerative changes in skeletal muscles. Etiology. The causative agent, the RNA genomic virus, belongs to the family Reoviridae, the genus Orbivirus. The diameter of the particles of purified culture virus is 50-65
  18. CHRONICALLY CATARALNESS TO LIFE (RHINITIS CATARAUS CHRONICA)
    In the basis of the formation of a chronical rhinitis, there is a chronic cataract lying on the ground, like a viklik є torsion of the tone of the vessels of the nasal membrane of the nose. The feuds are cast upon the bow of the bow and the twists of the nose. Udrudnennya nasal dikhannya Vinikaє perіodichno, part_sh on cold. At the position of the recumbent on the back, the pillars are bent out of the lower half of the nose. Tse pov'yazano іz
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