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Subject: The immune system of the human body and its main functions

The structure and functions of the immune system. Central organs of the immune system: bone marrow, thymus gland, Fabricius bag (in birds). Peripheral organs of the immune system: spleen, lymph nodes and follicles. Age-related features of the immune system.

Cells of the immune system.

Hematopoietic stem cells. The main cells of the immune system: T- and B-lymphocytes, macrophages (A-cells) and their ontogenesis, differentiation. T lymphocytes. Subpopulations of T-cells: T-helpers, T-suppressors, cytotoxic T-cells (T-effectors); surface markers and receptors of these cells (CD nomenclature).


B lymphocytes. Subpopulations of B cells. B-cell surface markers and receptors: immunoglobulins, Fc receptors, complement receptors, mitogens, etc.

Zero cells (zero lymphocytes, K cells and normal (natural) killers.

Interaction (cooperation) between T, B, A-cells in the process of an immune response. The principles and mechanisms of management and the relationship between them.
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Subject: The immune system of the human body and its main functions

  1. Lecture No. 5 Topic: Physiology of the human body. Stress, its role in adapting a person to social and labor activities.
    Lecture plan. 1. The structure and function of the nervous regulatory system of the human body. 2. The structure and function of the humoral regulatory system of the human body. 3. The concept of mental health. Criteria and factors determining psycho. health. The concept of stress as a general adaptation syndrome (the doctrine of stress G. Selye). 4. The essence of psychogenic stress and its effect on humans.
  2. Subject: Immune phagocytosis and killer cell function
    Antigen recognition and immune response induction. Antigen-recognizing receptors for T-lymphocytes. Cooperation of subpopulations of T-lymphocytes. Types of cellular-type immune reactions: reactions to intracellular microorganisms, cytotoxic effects of lymphocytes, destruction of tumor cells by activated T-lymphocytes, delayed-type hypersensitivity, cellular reactions in autoimmune
  3. Assessment of the functional state of the main body systems and preoperative correction of impaired functions
    The cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular diseases significantly increase the risk of general anesthesia and surgery, require accurate preoperative diagnosis, pathogenetic treatment with the participation of an anesthesiologist and therapist, the right choice of anesthesia method, careful monitoring and appropriate treatment of these diseases during and after surgery. When interviewing a patient
  4. CELLULAR AND HUMORAL BASES OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE. PATHOLOGY OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. PATHOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. Hypersensitivity Reactions
    The immune system has developed in humans as a defense mechanism against microbial infections. It provides two forms of immunity: specific and non-specific. A specific immune response protects the body from a specific pathogen. It takes effect when a non-specific immune response is exhausted.
  5. An organism as a combination of systems and functions, relations with the environment. Adaptive defense mechanisms of the body
    The human body is a single whole in which the structure and functions of all tissues, organs and organ systems are interconnected. A change in the structure and functions of any organ and system of organs causes changes in the structure and functions of other organs. The main mechanism for maintaining the body's activity at a relatively constant level is the self-regulation of physiological functions.
  6. An organism as a combination of systems and functions, relations with the environment. Adaptive defense mechanisms of the body.
    The human body is a single whole in which the structure and functions of all tissues, organs and organ systems are interconnected. A change in the structure and functions of any organ and system of organs causes changes in the structure and functions of other organs. The main mechanism for maintaining the body's activity at a relatively constant level is the self-regulation of physiological functions.
  7. The structure and functions of the immune system
    The main function of the immune system is to control the qualitative constancy of the genetically determined cellular and humoral composition of the body. The immune system provides: • protection of the body from the introduction of foreign cells and from modified cells (for example, malignant) that arose in the body; • destruction of old, defective and damaged own cells, as well as
  8. Lecture No. 6 sssn Topic: Immunity, factors forming it. General idea of ​​the immune system and its work.
    Lecture No. 7 Topic: Environmental aspects of health and prospects for survival
  9. The immune system protects the internal environment of the body from exogenous and endogenous antigens
    The immune system protects the internal environment of the body from exogenous and endogenous
  10. Basic ideas about the structure and functioning of the immune system
    Recognition of aggressive agents in immune defense cannot be based on recording their harmful effects on the body (such protection would be belated). In the process of evolution, another strategy was implemented, which is based on the fact that aggressive agents are foreign to the body. This applies to both pathogens and tumor cells that acquire features.
  11. Lecture lesson № 2 The human body as a single biological system
    Plan: 1 Levels of organization of the human body 2. The main functions of ensuring the vital activity of the body 3. Ontogenesis, its age periods The structure and functions of the body are studied in such sections of biology as anatomy, physiology and hygiene. Human anatomy is a science that studies the structure of the human body, its organs and systems. Human physiology - the science of processes
  12. The human body as a complex dissipative system
    The introduction of the extreme state problem to the theory of dissipative systems and synergetics requires a change in the category of fundamental concepts. This primarily relates to the object of research - the human body, which in this case cannot be viewed abstractly, as an independent natural object that interacts with the external environment through its own. so to speak, “external
  13. The main physiological changes in the human body that occur during labor
    Any type of labor activity is a complex set of physiological processes in which all organs and systems of the human body are involved. Central nervous system (CNS) The central nervous system provides coordination of functional changes that develop in the body during work. All labor movements and their character depend, on the one hand, on
  14. Other internal organs and systems of the human body
    Digestive organs include the oral cavity, stomach, duodenum, small and large intestines. In the oral cavity, food lingers for 15-18 seconds. Here begins its physical and chemical processing: saliva wetting, grinding by chewing and the chemical effects of enzymes. Further, food passes through the esophagus into the stomach, where its physical and chemical processing continues.
  15. INFLUENCE OF ANESTHESIA AND OPERATION ON THE BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THE ORGANISM. OPERATIONAL STRESS AND WAYS OF ITS CORRECTION
    And surgery, and anesthesia, and the main or concomitant pathology change the functions of the body during surgery and in the immediate postoperative period. Knowing the laws of these functional changes allows the anesthetist to anticipate the dangers and complications that may arise in the patient and, therefore, warn them or be prepared for them. In the first section of this
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