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Topic: Human microflora and its role.

Normal microflora of the human body (eumicrobiocenosis). Auto-chthonic, allochthonous and alien microflora of the human body from the external environment. The concept of ecotopes (sterile and non-sterile ecotopes of the body). Microflora of the skin, respiratory tract, digestive and urogenital system. Microflora of the oral cavity. Its anti-infectious, detoxifying, immunizing, metabolic role.

Colonization resistance of the intestine as a natural barrier to bacterial protection of the human intestine. The role of colonization resistance in the prevention and development of exogenous and endogenous infectious diseases. Ways to increase colonization resistance. Selective and total decontamination. Methods of studying the role of normal microflora of the human body. Gnotobiology. The use of gnotobiological technology in the clinic when nursing premature babies with congenital immunodeficiency conditions, for the selection of individual antimicrobial therapy regimens and for the creation of new bacterial preparations. Factors affecting the quantitative and qualitative composition of the microflora of the human body.
Dysbiosis (dysbiosis): methods of study, conditions of occurrence, laboratory diagnosis, the practical significance of research on dysbiosis. Preparations for the restoration of normal human microflora (eubiotics): bifidumbacterin, colibacterin, bificol, lactobacterin, etc.

Microflora of newborns, its formation during the first year of life. Influence of the mechanism of childbirth (natural or Caesarean section), environmental health during childbirth, joint or separate stay of the mother and baby in the first days of life, breastfeeding or artificial feeding on the dynamics of colonization of the body and the composition of the microflora of the child.

The effect of chemical and physical environmental factors on microorganisms. The influence of temperature, the reaction of the medium, drying, radiation, ultrasound, atmospheric and osmotic pressure, chemicals of different classes. The mechanisms of the damaging effects of these factors. Sterilization. Goals, principles, methods, equipment. Quality control of sterilization. Disinfection. Asepsis. Antiseptics.
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Topic: Human microflora and its role.

  1. Lecture No. 5 Topic: Physiology of the human body. Stress, its role in adapting a person to social and labor activities.
    Lecture plan. 1. The structure and function of the nervous regulatory system of the human body. 2. The structure and function of the humoral regulatory system of the human body. 3. The concept of mental health. Criteria and factors determining psycho. health. The concept of stress as a general adaptation syndrome (the doctrine of stress G. Selye). 4. The essence of psychogenic stress and its effect on humans.
  2. The role of microflora in the infectious process
    The term “infection” is derived from lat. inficio, infectum - nourish, stain, infect, poison, spoil. The discovery by Louis Pasteur of microscopic living creatures that can cause fermentation and, as it soon became clear, a number of human diseases, gave impetus to the development of new areas of knowledge, such as microbiology and immunology. To the most impressive results achieved by microbiology and
  3. Microflora of eggs and its role in the transmission of infections
    Perfiliev K.V. Scientific adviser: Zhukova MG, Associate Professor cafe Microbiology and Virology, Ph.D. vet. sciences. Federal State-Funded Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine”, Troitsk Poultry products are one of the most demanded food products of the population. The main age groups of consumption, in this case, are children aged 1 year to 12 years and
  4. Intestinal microflora of a healthy person
    Conventions for bacteriological research schemes Material under investigation Phagolysis Identification of specific biological properties of microbes Sowing material under investigation on nutrient media Study of biochemical properties of isolated pure culture Reactions for detecting antibodies Reactions for detecting antigen Determination of I sensitivity of the material
  5. Topic: The role of microorganisms in the infectious process.
    Forms of interaction of micro- and macroorganisms: mutualism, commensalism, parasitism. Infection as a form of parasitism. The evolution of microbial parasitism. The concept of sapronoses. Pathogenicity of microorganisms, definition. Obligatory pathogenic, conditionally pathogenic, non-pathogenic microorganisms. Virulence, definition, units (Dlm, LD50 and
  6. Theme “The role of motor activity in maintaining and promoting health”
    The biological need of the body for movements. Movement activity (YES) as an indispensable factor in life. The concept of habitual DA, its compliance with the biological needs of the body in movements. 2. The effect of optimal motor activity on the nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, endocrine, urinary systems, musculoskeletal system, metabolism
  7. Theme "The role of natural factors in the preservation and development of health"
    Using natural factors to restore health (sun, air, water). 2. Physical means of restoring individual health: shower, bath, steam bath, dry-air sauna. 3. Hygienic standards for the health-improving effectiveness of these procedures. 4. Analysis of unconventional methods of hardening and recovery
    4.1. DNA genomic viruses. 4.1.1. Poxviruses (Poxviridae family). General characteristics and classification. Smallpox virus. The structure of the virion. Antigens. Cultivation. Sensitivity to chemical and physical factors. Hemagglutination. Pathogenetic features of the disease. Laboratory diagnostics. Intracellular inclusions (Guarnieri bodies). Specific
    4.1. DNA genomic viruses. 4.1.1. Poxviruses (Poxviridae family). General characteristics and classification. Smallpox virus. The structure of the virion. Antigens. Cultivation. Sensitivity to chemical and physical factors. Hemagglutination. Pathogenetic features of the disease. Laboratory diagnostics. Intracellular inclusions (Guarnieri bodies). Specific
  10. The role of crises in human development
    In domestic psychology, the problem of crises has long been considered in the context of the problems of development and periodization of childhood. L. S. Vygotsky understands development as an internally determined, purposeful process that does not proceed uniformly, but contradictory, through the emergence and resolution of internal conflicts. Therefore, he draws attention to transitional, or critical, periods,
    All human pathology can be divided into three groups: 1) hereditary diseases; 2) diseases with a hereditary predisposition; 3) non-hereditary diseases. Hereditary diseases result from mutations of hereditary structures - chromosomes or genes. Accordingly, chromosomal and gene diseases are distinguished. The cause of mutations is the action
  12. Lecture No. 7 Topic: Environmental aspects of health and human survival prospects.
    I. The history of the relationship between man and nature. II. Types of environmental pollution. III. Prospects for the survival of mankind. I The relationship between man and the biosphere so far has gone through several critical stages of development; 1. The crisis of the primitive appropriating economy (gathering and hunting alone for small game). Ancient people came out inventing spears,
  13. The role of information in the formation of human culture and society
    One of the forms of existence of matter is life. Living organisms differ from inanimate objects by metabolism - an indispensable condition for life, the ability to reproduce, grow, actively regulate their composition and functions, various forms of movement, irritability, adaptability to the environment, etc. At the heart of life is a combination of three streams: a stream of matter, a stream of energy and a stream
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