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INTERNAL ILLNESSES

Vizer V.A. Lectures on therapy 2011
On the subject - almost completely cover the difficulties in the course of hospital therapy, issues of diagnosis, treatment, according to the presentation, concise and quite accessible. Allergic diseases of the lungs Joint diseases
Reiter's disease Sjögren's disease Bronchial asthma Bronchiectasis Hypertension
crib Propedeutics of internal diseases, internal diseases with military field therapy 2011
Domestic school of therapists (M. Ya. Mudrov, G. A. Zakharyin, S. P. Botkin), Siberian school of therapists (M. G. Kurlov, B. M. Shershevsky, D. D. Yablokov). Clinical thinking, definition, specificity. The style of clinical thinking and its changes at different stages of development of scientific medicine. Induction, deduction. Different levels of generalization in the diagnosis. Clinical examples. Symptoms, syndromes, diagnosis. Definition of concepts, their three main properties. Case history, structure. Methodology of clinical diagnosis. Diagnostic hypothesis, definition, its properties, hypothesis testing. The structure of the clinical diagnosis is a reflection of the history of diagnosis. Direct clinical diagnosis. Definition, stages of direct clinical diagnosis (clinical example). Differential diagnosis (definition). Methods of differential diagnosis (5 phases) (clinical example). Questioning in diseases of the respiratory system. Complaints, their detail, mechanism, diagnostic value. Examination of the chest. Pathological forms. Definition of respiratory excursion of the chest. Palpation of the chest, the definition of voice tremor. Diagnostic value Comparative percussion of the lungs. The technique. Pathological changes in percussion sound above the lungs. Diagnostic value Topographic percussion of the lungs. The technique. Width fields Krenig. The height of the tops of the lungs. The lower edge of the lungs, its mobility. Diagnostic value Vesicular respiration (characteristic), mechanism, physiological and pathological variants of vesicular respiration, diagnostic value. Bronchial respiration, its characteristics, types, mechanism of formation. Diagnostic value Spurious respiratory noise. Dry: low and high rales. Pleural friction noise. The mechanism of formation, unlike other respiratory noise. Diagnostic value Adverse respiratory noise: moist rales, sonorous, unsound, small, medium, large bubble. Crepitus. The mechanism of education. Diagnostic value Definition of VC, pulmonary volumes (DO, ROvd, RoVyd, OOL), FVC-1 sec., MVL, indicators of the loop "flow-volume", distensibility of the lungs, bronchial resistance. Diagnostic value Questioning patients with diseases of the cardiovascular system. Complaints (8 major), their detail, mechanism. Diagnostic value Examination and palpation of the heart area. The study of the apical impulse, the mechanism of formation, its properties in normal and pathological conditions. The push of the right ventricle, the mechanism of formation, diagnostic value. The boundaries of the relative and absolute dullness of the heart. Definition technique. Diagnostic value The size of the heart. Dlinnik, the diameter of the heart, the width of the vascular bundle in normal and pathological. Diagnostic value Heart sounds. The mechanism of heart tones (I, II, III, IV, V). Theory of hydraulic shock (Yu. D. Safonov). Factors determining the power of heart tones. Heart sounds (characteristic of I, II tones, place of listening). Rules auscultation. The projection of the heart valves on the chest. Points of listening valves of the heart. Physiological changes in heart tones. Diagnostic value Noises of the heart. Classification. Intracardiac noise. Education mechanism, properties (7 properties). Diagnostic value Inspection and palpation of peripheral vessels. The study of arterial pulses. Properties of the pulse (7 basic properties). The study of peripheral vessels. The properties of the arterial pulse in pathology (changes in rhythm, frequency, filling, voltage, wave shape, properties of the vascular wall of the vessel). Arterial pressure. Method of determination (N. S. Korotkov). Blood pressure is normal and in pathology. Diagnostic value Methods for studying the state of the cardiovascular system. Determination of the minute volume of the heart. Cardiac index. Ejection fraction. Mass of circulating blood. Hematocrit. Diagnostic value Extrasystole. Mechanism, semiology. Subjective, objective and electrocardiographic signs. Principles of treatment. Paroxysmal tachycardia. Mechanism, semiology. Subjective, objective and electrocardiographic signs. Urgent Care. ECG diagnosis of myocardial ischemia, ischemic damage, myocardial infarction. Principles of treatment. Atrioventricular block, degree. Complete atrioventricular block. Mechanism, semiology. Subjective, objective and electrocardiographic signs. Principles of treatment. Atrial fibrillation (atrial fibrillation). Mechanism, etiology, clinical and ECG signs. Principles of treatment. Questioning patients with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The principles of deep sliding, topographic methodical palpation of the abdominal organs according to V. P. Obraztsov, N. D. Strazhesko. Palpation of the intestine, properties (7 properties), diagnostic value. Examination of the abdomen, palpation, percussion of the stomach, pathological symptoms. Diagnostic value Methods for studying the functional state of the stomach. Main factors. Diagnostic value Coprological studies. Syndromes for intestinal diseases: malabsorption, fermentation and putrefactive dyspepsia. Questioning of patients with diseases of the liver and biliary tract (4 groups of complaints). Inspection of the patient. Percussion, palpation of the liver. Symptoms, their mechanism and diagnostic value. Instrumental and laboratory methods for the study of the liver and biliary tract. Diagnostic value Serum-biochemical liver syndromes. Syndrome of portal hypertension. Essence, semiology. Subjective, objective and paraclinical symptoms. Obstructive, hepatic and hemolytic jaundice. Essence, semiology, subjective, objective and paraclinical symptoms. Questioning, objective research, laboratory and instrumental methods of research in diseases of the pancreas. Questioning, examination of patients with kidney disease and urinary tract. Palpation of the kidneys. Symptom of Pasternack. Diagnostic value Instrumental and laboratory methods for the study of urinary system. Diagnostic value Syndromes of acute and chronic renal failure. Semiology. Clinic. Laboratory and instrumental diagnostics. Principles of treatment. Hepatic insufficiency syndrome. Hepatic coma. Semiology. Clinic. Laboratory and instrumental diagnostics. Principles of treatment. Questioning, examination of patients with diseases of the endocrine system. The main laboratory and instrumental methods of research in diseases of the endocrine system. Diagnostic value Questioning, inspection, palpation in diseases of the blood system. Spleen examination, diagnostic value. Principles of early diagnosis of blood diseases. Acute pneumonia. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Pulmonary suppurations. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Pleurisy. Dry. Exudative. Etiology, clinic, diagnosis, principles of treatment. Bronchial asthma. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Acute bronchitis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Chronical bronchitis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Emphysema Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Pulmonary heart. Etiology, pathogenesis of acute and subacute, chronic pulmonary heart disease, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Classification of respiratory failure (forms, types, stages or functional classes). Hypertonic disease. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Secondary prophylaxis. Symptomatic hypertension. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Mitral valve insufficiency. Etiology, hemodynamics, stages of compensation, clinic, treatment principles. Mitral stenosis. Etiology, hemodynamics, stages of compensation, clinic, treatment principles. Aortic insufficiency. Etiology, hemodynamics, stages of compensation, clinic, treatment principles. Aortic stenosis. Etiology, hemodynamics, clinical symptoms, treatment principles. Infective endocarditis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, principles of treatment. Myocarditis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, principles of treatment. Coronary heart disease. Classification. Angina pectoris Diagnostics. Principles of treatment. Prevention of coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease. Myocardial infarction. Classification, diagnosis, treatment principles. Heart failure. Semiology. Classification, clinical symptoms, treatment principles. Peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, treatment principles, prevention. Chronic gastritis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment principles. Chronic enteritis and colitis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, principles of treatment. Cirrhosis of the liver. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment principles, prevention. Liver failure. Opisthorchiasis. Pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention. Chronic pancreatitis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, principles of treatment. Chronic hepatitis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment principles, prevention. Chronic renal failure. Semiology. Clinical and laboratory symptoms, treatment principles. Acute diffuse glomerulonephritis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Chronic glomerulonephritis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Anemia Classification. Iron deficiency anemia. Etiology, clinical picture, treatment principles, prevention. B12-deficiency anemia. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles, prevention. Acute leukemia. Classification, clinical manifestations, hematological picture. Diagnosis, treatment principles. Chronic leukemia. Classification. Chronic myeloid leukemia. Etiology, clinic, diagnosis, principles of treatment. Hemorrhagic diathesis. Classification. Hemophilia, thrombocytopenia, hemorrhagic vasculitis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Diffuse diseases of the connective tissue. Classification. Etiology, pathogenesis. Systemic lupus erythematosus. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Rheumatism. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles, prevention. Rheumatoid arthritis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Diffuse toxic goiter. Etiology, clinic, diagnosis, principles of treatment. Diabetes. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. Gout. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment principles. The organization of medical care to the sick and affected in wartime. Acute radiation sickness. Classification, clinic, diagnosis, the amount of assistance at the stages of medical evacuation. Diseases of the internal organs of the wounded. Diagnostics and treatment principles at the stages of medical evacuation. Lung diseases caused by dust and chemical factors. Pathogenesis, clinic, principles of treatment and prevention. Clinic of toxic pulmonary edema, treatment principles. Diseases caused by the action of physical factors: vibration, microwave EM field, electric field, acoustic noise. Pathogenesis. Clinic. Treatment. Prevention.
Situational tasks Situational tasks of therapy 2011
Situational tasks of therapy to determine the knowledge of students. For each task there is a standard response to the situational problem.
Crib Tasks for the state exam 2011 (Department of Emergency Medical Care MSMSU.) 2011
The lack of laboratory and instrumental methods of examination at the prehospital stage of emergency and emergency medical care requires the doctor to be fluent in methods of propaedeutics and history taking (there is nothing else). Therefore, we attach great importance to the descriptive part of this kind of task, that is, some tasks are voluminous in content.
Medical history Cirrhosis of the liver of alcoholic etiology. Moderately active. In the stage of decompensation. Class C By Child-Drink. Syndrome of portal hypertension, ascites. Jaundice. Hepatocellular failure 2011
RSMU them. N.I. Pirogov. 3 course. Semester 2 Case history put on 5.
Lectures Chronic gastritis and gastroduodenitis 2011
The lecture contains the latest information on the classification, etiology, clinic, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of chronic gastritis and gastroduodenitis.
abstract Dysbacteriosis and consequences of its effect on the body. 2011
Table of Contents Introduction Large Intestine Dysbacteriosis Causes of Dysbacteriosis Development Signs and Effects of Dysbacteriosis Methods of Dysbacteriosis Relief Conclusion References
Tutorial Enzymopathies 2011
The manual provides an analysis of the latest literature data on the problem of intestinal enzymopathies, taking into account the course of diseases, the difficulty of their diagnosis, and therapeutic treatment. The modern classifications of this pathology, the principles of patient management are presented; practical recommendations are given on the diagnosis and treatment of food intolerance, taking into account the capabilities and traditions of domestic health care. In order to consolidate knowledge and test mastering of educational material, test tests and situational tasks are given. The manual is intended for general practitioners, clinical residents, interns, teachers, senior students of medical universities.
abstract Laboratory diagnosis of kidney disease 2010
Objective: to find out which laboratory methods are most important in making a diagnosis of kidney disease.

Tasks:

- Identify cocoa from the indicators, most clearly indicates the pathological focus.
Department of Emergency Medical Care MSMSU Tasks for the GOS exam 2010
The lack of laboratory and instrumental methods of examination at the prehospital stage of emergency and emergency medical care requires the doctor to be fluent in methods of propaedeutics and history taking (there is nothing else). Therefore, we pay great attention to the descriptive part of such tasks, i.e. Some tasks are voluminous.
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