home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

BRONCHEECTATIC DISEASE

Bronchiectatic disease is an acquired (in some cases congenital) disease characterized by a chronic suppurative process in irreversibly changed (enlarged, deformed) and functionally defective bronchi, mainly in the lower parts of the lungs.

ETHIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS. Bronchiectasis are congenital in 6% of cases, as a fetal malformation, a consequence of a violation of the branching order of the bronchus. The transformation of a bronchial tree abnormality into a disease usually occurs in early childhood due to acute pneumonia. In elderly patients, bronchiectasis often occurs against a background of metatuberculosis changes.

Any lung disease leading to ectasia of the bronchi passes through the stage of chronic bronchitis.

A decisive role in the occurrence of bronchiectasis is given to the destruction of the wall of the bronchi. Bronchiectasis is considered as a consequence of panbronchitis with involvement of peribronchial tissue in the process, especially when chronic inflammation spreads to the distal bronchi with impaired patency. A viral infection of the respiratory tract, more often in childhood, can cause bronchiolitis with secondary bacterial inflammation.
The development of bronchiectasis is favored by a combination of inflammation of the bronchi and bronchioles with bronchospasm, leading to an increase in intrabronchial pressure.

In the occurrence of bronchiectasis, atelectasis, leading to pulmonary sclerosis, the progression of the inflammatory process in the bronchus up to ulceration and destruction of the muscular-elastic layer and cartilage, play an important role.

The occurrence and course of bronchiectasis is associated with a disorder of hemodynamics and lymphodynamics of the bronchopulmonary system.

The formation of bronchiectasis can be observed with a lung abscess in connection with gross destructive changes in the bronchi.

Bronchiectasis can occur as a result of radiation exposure to the lung in connection with radiation therapy for cancer.

In the pathogenesis of bronchiectasis, an important place is given to • immunological mechanisms. In bronchiectasis, a significant increase in IgA, IgM, and IgG of immunoglobulins is noted. In the occurrence of the disease, a hereditary predisposition is important, which, perhaps, is based on a deficiency of surfactant and (or) QI-antitrispin
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

BRONCHEECTATIC DISEASE

  1. Bronchiectasis
    BRONCHEECTATIC DISEASE - an acquired (in some cases congenital) disease characterized by a chronic suppurative process in irreversibly altered (dilated, deformed) and functionally defective bronchi, mainly of the lower parts of the lungs. The main morphological substrate of the pathological process are primary bronchiectasis (bronchiectasis), which
  2. BRONCHEECTATIC DISEASE
    - an acquired disease characterized by chronic suppurative process (purulent endobronchitis) in irreversibly altered (dilated, deformed) and functionally defective bronchi, mainly of the lower parts of the lungs. The main clinical manifestations Patients complain of cough with sputum after pneumonia, measles, whooping cough or severe influenza in childhood
  3. Diseases of the female genital organs and mammary glands. Cervical Diseases. UTERINE BODY DISEASES. Diseases of the fallopian tubes. DISEASES OF THE OVARIES. BREAST DISEASES
    Diseases of the female genital organs and mammary glands. Cervical Diseases. UTERINE BODY DISEASES. Diseases of the fallopian tubes. DISEASES OF THE OVARIES. MILK DISEASES
  4. Diffuse toxic goiter (Graves disease, Bazedov disease, Perry disease)
    Diffuse toxic goiter, or autoimmune hyperthyrosis, is a disease caused by excessive secretion of thyroid hormones by a diffusely enlarged thyroid gland. This is the most common disease, which manifests itself as a syndrome of thyrotoxicosis and which accounts for up to 80% of all its cases. In the literature, the terms “diffuse toxic goiter” and
  5. HEART DISEASES. HEART VALVE DISEASES (HEART DISEASES). RHEUMATISM. MYOCARDIAL DISEASES. PERICARDIAL DISEASES. HEART TUMORS
    HEART DISEASES. HEART VALVE DISEASES (HEART DISEASES). RHEUMATISM. MYOCARDIAL DISEASES. PERICARDIAL DISEASES. TUMORS
  6. Bowel disease. Infectious enterocolitis (dysentery, typhoid fever, cholera). Nonspecific ulcerative colitis. Crohn's disease. Coronary bowel disease. Appendicitis. Colon cancer
    1. Macroscopic characteristics of the small intestine with cholera enteritis 1. a gray-yellow film tightly soldered to the wall 2. ulceration of the mucous membrane 3. multiple hemorrhages 4. wall sclerosis 2. Elements of the pathogenesis of typhoid fever 1. bacteremia 2. bacteriocholia 3. cerebral swelling 4. exudative inflammation 5. hypersensitivity reaction in the lymphoid apparatus 3. Modern
  7. Heart diseases. Coronary heart disease (CHD). Reperfusion syndrome. Hypertensive heart disease. Acute and chronic pulmonary heart.
    1. IHD is 1. productive myocarditis 2. myocardial fatty degeneration 3. right ventricular failure 4. absolute coronary circulatory failure 5. relative coronary insufficiency 2. Forms of acute coronary heart disease 1. myocardial infarction 2. cardiomyopathy 3. angina pectoris 4. exudative myocarditis 5 sudden coronary death 3. With angina pectoris in cardiomyocytes
  8. Diseases of the nervous system. Diseases accompanied by an increase in intracranial pressure. Cerebrovascular disease. Cerebral infarction. Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. Infectious lesions of the central nervous system. Alzheimer's disease. Multiple sclerosis.
    1. The earliest changes in neurons during blood flow arrest 1. cytolysis 4. microvacuolization 2. tigrolysis 5. wrinkling of neurons 3. hyperchromatosis 2. The most common causes of cerebral infarction 1. stenotic atherosclerosis 2. thromboembolism 3. true polycythemia 4. thrombosis 5. embolism fatty with a fracture of the tubular bones 3. Cerebral edema of the cytotoxic type occurs at 1.
  9. HEART DISEASES. CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE. HYPERTENSIVE HEART DISEASE. Myocardial hypertrophy. ACUTE AND CHRONIC PULMONARY HEART
    HEART DISEASES. CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE. HYPERTENSIVE HEART DISEASE. Myocardial hypertrophy. ACUTE AND CHRONIC PULMONARY
  10. Independent work. Occupational diseases - vibration disease, 1997
    Disease history. Passport part. Anamnesis of the present disease. Anamnesis of life. Objective research. Preliminary diagnosis. Laboratory research data. Final
  11. Vascular disease. Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis. Essential hypertension and arteriolosclerosis. Hypertonic disease.
    1. Atherosclerosis mainly affects 1. veins 2. capillaries 3. arterioles 4. large and medium arteries 2. Supplement: Hemorrhage in the thickness of the atheromatous plaque is called ______________________ hematoma. 3. Forms of the clinical course of arterial hypertension 1. secondary 2. idiopathic 3. malignant 4. benign 4. The action of the renin-angiotensin system is realized 1.
  12. DISEASES OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. STOMACH DISEASES
    Diseases of the digestive system in the structure of morbidity and mortality are in third place after diseases of the organs of the cardiovascular system and tumors. In the domestic literature, the classification of these diseases is built according to the classical ideas about the division of the digestive system into the anterior, posterior and middle sections. The anterior digestive system includes
  13. Basic ideas about the diseases of civilization and social diseases
    Diseases of civilization All people inherit the ability to have a healthy and long life. This ability is transmitted in our genes and connects with our ancestors who lived millennia before us. The pace of social, economic, climate change in the world requires us to quickly adapt to modern life and activities. The genes, however, are still available, but we manage to destroy ourselves
  14. Border disease (Border disease) sheep
    Border disease (Border disease) of sheep is a chronic contagious disease of sheep fruit, characterized by a change in the hair cover of embryos and newborn lambs, the presence of discolored or pigmented hair bundles, muscle tremor, and pathology of myelogenesis. Etiology. The causative agent of the disease belongs to the RNA genomic viruses belonging to the family
  15. DIGESTIVE DISEASES. INTESTINAL DISEASES
    Bowel diseases are extremely diverse, they relate to selective lesions of the small or large intestines, but are often accompanied by a combined lesion of all parts of the intestine. In the structure of diseases and mortality from them, cardiovascular invariably occupy the first place, and among them - atherosclerosis and hypertension. It has long been identified as an independent nosological form
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com