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- blindly ending process or protrusion of the organ.


- localized along the back wall of the pharynx and esophagus.

Classification of diverticulums of the esophagus, diverticulitis (according to Yusbasic, 1961)

By localization:

1. Pharyngo-esophagic (Tsenker), 2. Bifurcation. 3. Epiphrenal.

The largest diverticulum:

Stage I - protrusion of the mucous membrane of the esophagus through weak areas of the muscle membrane,

Stage II - the formation of a diverticular sac extending downward and posteriorly between the esophagus and spine;

Stage III - an increase in the size of the diverticulum, as a result of which it descends into the mediastinum.

Diagnostic criteria

1) Sore throat, awkwardness when swallowing, belching, regurgitation; 2) tension of the muscles of the neck and head movement during meals, a sense of stopping food; 3) periodic pain behind the sternum, in the epigastric region, 4) dysphagia, 5) bad breath; 6) night cough; 7) emaciation; 8) subfebrile condition.

Diagnosis Examples

Esophagus diverticulum (pharyngo-esophageal), stage I.

2. Diverticulum of the esophagus (bifurcation), stage II

3. Diverticulum of the esophagus (epiphrenal), stage III
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