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The most common disease of internal diseases. Chronic gastritis is a clinical anatomical concept.

1. Morphological changes in the mucous membrane are nonspecific, the inflammatory process is focal or diffuse.

2. Structural rearrangement of the mucosa with impaired regeneration and atrophy.

3. Nonspecific clinical manifestations.

4. Violations of the secretory, motor, partially incretory functions.

The frequency of chronic gastritis is growing every year. At 1, 4? By age 70, everyone may have a polyetiological disease, but the true cause is unknown. 2 groups of so-called etiological factors:

1. Exogenous.

Long-term violation of the regime and rhythm of nutrition; prolonged use of food of a special quality that irritates the stomach; prolonged use of alcohol; long smoking; long-term use of drugs that form gastritis (sulfonamides, reserpine, potassium chloride); prolonged contact with occupational hazards (dust, alkali and acid fumes) is an acute gastrogen factor.
Now he is being questioned.

2. Endogenous.

Prolonged nervous tension; endocrine (diabetes mellitus, thyrotoxicosis, hypothyroidism); chronic deficiency of vitamin B-12, iron; chronic excess of toxins in chronic renal failure; chronic infections, allergic diseases; hypoxia in heart failure and pulmonary failure.

Usually a combination of endo- and exofactors is significant.
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