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Firstly, dysbacteriosis is a rather capacious concept and there are quite a few options for changes in microflora. Secondly, dysbacteriosis is a very developed phenomenon in both children and adults. Therefore, there are several classifications of this disease.
There are three forms of dysbiosis, which somehow occur in humans. Intestinal microflora can vary both in the number and composition of microorganisms present in the intestine.
-The appearance in the intestine of "alien" - for example, Shigella Sonne, the causative agent of dysentery, which is normally absent and is considered a pathogenic microbe. It means that the intestinal microflora has not coped with its task: not to let the enemy into its territory. Consequently, with our army of good bacteria, not everything is in order - the intestine suffers from dysbacteriosis.
-Each representative of the normal flora is contained in the intestine in a strictly defined amount. Most should be bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, but the number of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms should not exceed the established limit. Some children in a normal feces may have no more than 100-1000 opportunistic pathogens. But if their number exceeds 10,000 and they become prevalent in the large intestine, the corresponding diseases will develop. In this case, dysbiosis develops even in the absence of pathogenic microflora.
-Normal flora, as we have said, performs a kind of function. To do this, each bacterium must act specifically and with a certain activity. If the activity of normal intestinal microbes is somehow altered, then this is also regarded as dysbacteriosis.
This division can be considered rather conditional, since any one violation of the state of microflora entails other changes.
By the type of pathogen emit fungal, protective, staphylococcal and associative dysbacteriosis.
Protein dysbacteriosis, in which protean microorganisms (a variety of conditionally pathogenic microbes) go out of control, is considered the lightest and most often does not extend beyond the intestine, causing inflammation of himself alone. Staphylococcal dysbacteriosis is more severe, gradually spreading to the whole body.
Fungal dysbacteriosis is provoked by the reproduction of fungi of the genus Candida, it is also called Candida bacterial dysbacteriosis. In this dysbacteriosis, there are usually other clinical manifestations: buns, thrush, raspberry tongue.
The most dangerous type of dysbiosis is associative. Particularly difficult is intestinal dysbiosis, which occurs when staphylococcus is associated with other microbes.
There is a classification of dysbiosis due to occurrence. It is believed that in order to eliminate the disease, it is necessary to eliminate its cause. Therefore, this classification is considered quite popular in medicine.
Classification by reason:
- primary (in healthy individuals, if it was not possible to determine the cause); - age-related dysbacteriosis (develops due to regular age-related changes in the main organs and systems of the body); - seasonal dysbacteriosis (caused by seasonal changes in the nature of nutrition and properties of the organism); - food dysbacteriosis (caused by a drastic change in the nature of food, for example, in travelers' diarrhea); - professional (as a result of exposure to occupational hazards); - dysbacteriosis in patients (secondary - it is often caused by another disease); - dysbacteriosis as a result of exposure to radioactive substances; - mixed dysbacteriosis (complex of different reasons). However, physicians are more likely to use clinical classification, which helps to choose the optimal treatment strategy.
The clinical classification of intestinal dysbiosis is based on the selection of the type of dysbacteriosis depending on the pathogen, the degree of compensation of dysbacteriosis, and its clinical forms. According to the degree of compensation:
-compensated - clinical manifestations may not be;
- subcompensated - manifestations of dysbiosis sometimes occur with dietary disorders, for example; -decompensated - adaptive mechanisms are exhausted, it is difficult to cure dysbacteriosis.
Clinical form of dysbiosis (classification Bilibin AF, 1970):
Classification of digestive disorders:
As we know, intestinal bacteria take an active part in digestion. Therefore, dysbiosis will always be accompanied by digestive disorders (dyspepsia). Classification of dysbiosis by the degree of digestive disorders: Fermentation dyspepsia - often accompanied by symptoms of flatulence - abdominal distension, rumbling, increased gas. The chair is decorated or mushy, has a sour smell. Often develops in healthy individuals by consuming large amounts of carbohydrates, especially coarse plant fiber (vegetables, fruits, black bread). Putrid dyspepsia often occurs with grade III-IV dysbacteriosis. The flatulence is less pronounced in this case, the gases have a fetid odor due to the hydrogen sulfide formed and ammonia. Often accompanied by constipation. The feces are dense, sometimes mushy, offensive, without admixture of mucus, blood, undigested food residues. The basis is the decomposition of excess protein by microorganisms - with chronic inflammatory bowel disease or with excessive intake of protein from food. Protein degradation products (indole, skatole, etc.) cause intoxication phenomena: weakness, fatigue, irritability, headache. Mixed dyspepsia with a predominance of one form or another of dyspepsia: occurs most often.
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- Methods of getting rid of dysbiosis. Prevention of dysbiosis
Methods of getting rid of dysbiosis. Prevention
Dysbacteriosis - violations of the qualitative and quantitative composition of normal microflora. Causes of dysbiosis 1) diseases involving intestinal lesions: acute and chronic dysentery, salmonellosis, intestinal helminthiasis, chronic colitis and enterocolitis, ulcerative colitis, etc .; 2) massive intake of antibiotics; 3) application
- Abstract. Dysbacteriosis and consequences of its effect on the organism., 2011
Table of Contents Introduction Large Intestine Dysbacteriosis Causes of Dysbacteriosis Development Signs and Effects of Dysbacteriosis Methods of Dysbacteriosis Relief Conclusion List of Used
- Signs of dysbiosis
Dysbacteriosis can be suspected on the basis of human diseases, the use of antibacterial drugs or other potent drugs, and frequent stressful conditions. Frequent and prolonged colitis, which are difficult to treat, also indicate problems in the intestinal microflora. If patients with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - for example, chronic pancreatitis
- Prevention of dysbiosis.
Primary prevention of dysbiosis, given the many causes of its occurrence, is a very difficult task. Its solution is connected with general preventive problems: nutrition, improvement of the environment, improvement of well-being and other numerous factors of the external and internal environment. Secondary prevention of dysbiosis - rational use of antibiotics and other
- The concept of dysbiosis
In a healthy person, the gastrointestinal tract is a balanced ecological system that has developed in the process of evolution and is represented by a large number of beneficial types of bacteria. Violation of the qualitative and quantitative composition of the intestinal microflora and the violation of the biological equilibrium between pathogenic and beneficial microflora in the body as a whole and in the intestine in
- The consequences of dysbiosis
When the dysbacteriosis of the large intestine conditionally pathogenic microflora is actively developing, which leads to contamination of the body with the products of its life. Due to the absorption of decay products of putrefactive microflora, diseases of the digestive organs (peptic ulcer, gastritis, colitis, etc.) can develop; gynecological diseases (when conditionally pathogenic microorganisms pass to the skin
- Intestinal dysbacteriosis
Definition Intestinal dysbacteriosis is a qualitative and quantitative change in the normal intestinal microflora in the direction of increasing the number of symbiotic microorganisms that are normally absent or occurring in small quantities: dysbacteriosis is a failure of adaptation, a violation of protective and compensatory mechanisms (A.F. Bilibin). Dysbacteriosis - resistant condition, usually having
- Causes of dysbiosis in adults
The cause of dysbiosis can be any long-term illness, severe injury. Even prolonged immobility or bed rest are also accompanied by constant dysbacteriosis. It accompanies operations, is observed with burns, chronic poisoning. Apparently, all chronic diseases are accompanied by dysbiosis. Dysbacteriosis occurs everywhere in those who work in conditions
- DISBACTERIOSIS (dysbiosis)
Dysbacteriosis, or dysbiosis - qualitative and quantitative changes in the species composition of microorganisms that normally inhabit non-sterile body cavities of animals. Dysbacteriosis is an obligatory companion of any antimicrobial therapy, stress, disorders of the immune system. Symptoms Dyspepsia, rumbling in the stomach on an empty stomach and after eating, unstable chair - diarrhea alternating with constipation,
- Causes of dysbiosis in children.
Immediately after the birth of a person to light, his intestines are sterile, that is, does not contain a single bacterium. Hence, dysbiosis can not be. But immediately after birth, the process of formation of bacterial equilibrium begins (it lasts the first months of the child's life) - that is why early age is important for understanding the causes of dysbiosis. So: Improper maternal hygiene - changes
- Nutrition for dysbacteriosis
When fermentation reactions in the intestine limit the intake of carbohydrates (honey, jam, sugar), fresh milk, raw fiber. Recommended products in boiled form, broth, ear, eggs. It is good to use the preparation CC-A, consisting of the collection of chamomile flowers, peppermint, yarrow, chilli. Supplements take 2 times a day before meals. The effect of this composition can be enhanced with the help of decoction
- Violation of intestinal microflora (dysbacteriosis)
Intestinal dysbacteriosis - a change in the composition and proportion of normal and conditionally pathogenic microflora in the intestine. The microflora of the gastrointestinal tract is very diverse. The number of species of intestinal bacteria is very large. In connection with the acidic environment, the population of bacteria in the stomach is very low (103). At the same time, the small intestine is populated up to 105, the ileum contains
- 5.8. Dysbacteriosis of the intestine
The goal of treatment: the restoration of intestinal microflora. The objectives of treatment: I. elimination of excessive bacterial contamination of the small intestine; Ii. restoration of normal microbial microflora of the colon; Iii. improving intestinal digestion and absorption; Iv. restoration of impaired intestinal motility; V. stimulation of the body's reactivity. I. Elimination of excess
- Causes of dysbiosis
Causes of development
- Signs and effects of dysbiosis.
Signs and consequences
- LECTURE № 11. Modern problems of dysbacteriosis in children. Clinic, diagnosis, treatment
Three phases of microbial colonization of the gastrointestinal tract in a child: 1) the first is aseptic, lasting from 10 to 20 hours; 2) the second - the initial settlement of microorganisms, the duration of from 2 to 4 days depending on external environmental factors, the nature of nutrition and time of attachment to the breast; 3) the third - stabilization of microflora (up to 1 month). Intestinal microflora is complex, dynamically
- Classification of the physical condition of the patient according to ASA (classification of the American Association of Anesthetists)
Grade 1 is a normal healthy subject. Grade 2 - a patient with mild systemic disorders. Grade 3 - a patient with significant systemic disorders that limit activity, but do not lead to disability. Grade 4 - a patient with a pronounced disabling disease that is life threatening. Grade 5 - a dying patient who may die within