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ACUTE PNEUMONIA

Acute pneumonia is understood to mean acute exudative inflammatory processes of various etiologies and pathogenesis, localized in the parenchyma and intermediate lung tissue, often involving the vascular system.

Pneumonia as a nosological form is said when the causative agent of the disease is a nonspecific pathogenic or conditionally pathogenic flora, and the main pathogenetic mechanism of occurrence is a violation of the body's natural defense mechanisms.

Inflammatory diseases of the lungs arising under the influence of various non-infectious environmental factors or due to an increase in allergic sensitivity are called pneumonitis or alveolitis and will not be considered in this lecture.


Acute pneumonia occurs quite often, patients with this nosology make up 10-13% of all patients in therapeutic hospitals. The incidence of acute pneumonia per 1000 adult population is 10 for men and 8 for women. The main number of patients (55%) falls on the age group of 40-50 years. Mortality from acute pneumonia ranges from 0.5 to 1%.
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ACUTE PNEUMONIA

  1. Acute pneumonia.
    Acute pneumonia is a group concept used to refer to acute polyetiological infectious inflammatory lung diseases. Acute pneumonia refers to polyetiological diseases that have particular pathogenesis and a common clinical and morphological manifestations. The main morphological manifestation of acute pneumonia is the development of acute inflammation in the broncho-pulmonary system with
  2. Acute pneumonia
    1. What is the synonym for croupous pneumonia: a) bronchopneumonia b) focal c) focal confluent d) segmental e) lobar Correct answer: d 2. What is the stage of croupous pneumonia? a) fibrinoid swelling The correct answer: in 3. The composition of the exudate in the 3 stages of croupous pneumonia: a) fibrin, red blood cells b) fibrin,
  3. Acute pneumonia
    Acute pneumonia is one of the most common childhood diseases. It is believed that the incidence of acute pneumonia is 10-30 per 1000 children. The high incidence of acute pneumonia in childhood is caused, firstly, by the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the respiratory system in children, and secondly, by the characteristics of their immune system. Factors predisposing to
  4. Acute Complicated Pneumonia
    Pneumonia (pneumon - Greek “lung”) is an acute, in most cases, infectious disease of the lungs, characterized by polyetiology, variability of the course from lungs to extremely severe, complicated forms. Pneumonia is divided into primary and secondary. Primary pneumonia means a disease that occurs in a child with previously healthy lungs and in the absence of diseases of others
  5. ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE LUNGS (PNEUMONIA)
    Acute pneumonia is a group of acute etiological, pathogenesis and morphological characteristics of acute infectious inflammatory diseases of the lungs with a primary lesion of the respiratory departments and the presence of intra-alveolar exudate. Most commonly caused by bacteria, mycoplasmas and viruses. According to clinical and morphological features, croupous (lobar) pneumonia is distinguished,
  6. SECONDARY ACUTE PNEUMONIA
    HYPOSTATIC PNEUMONIA - focal pneumonia that occurs with prolonged stagnation of blood in the pulmonary circulation, developing against a background of heart disease or other chronic pathological processes that cause patients to stay in bed for a long time. The clinic of such pneumonia is characterized by a sluggish course. The onset of the disease is hardly noticeable, without any particular complaints. Prevails
  7. Acute pneumonia in young children
    Questions for repetition: 1. Anatomical and physiological characteristics of the lungs in children, contributing to the development of respiratory failure. 2. Respiratory failure, its types, degrees. Test questions: 1. The most common causative agents of pneumonia in children. 2. The mechanism of development of the main symptoms of pneumonia. 3. The modern classification of acute pneumonia in children. 4. The clinical characteristics of focal,
  8. Acute pneumonia in older children
    Questions for repetition: 1. Segmental structure of the lungs. 2. The main types of breathing. Control questions: 1. Etiology and pathogenesis of pneumonia in older children. 2. The clinical picture of focal, segmental and interstitial pneumonia in older children. 3. Clinical features of croupous pneumonia. 4. The main features of pneumonia in older children caused by various
  9. Acute inflammatory lung diseases (pneumonia)
    Among acute pneumonia, there are croupous (lobar), having the nature of an independent disease, and focal bronchopneumonia as a manifestation or complication of another disease. Croupous pneumonia is an acute infectious and allergic disease in which fibrinous inflammation seizes the lobe of the lung (lobar or lobar pneumonia) and its pleura (pleuropneumonia). Morphologically during
  10. Pneumonitis caused by food and vomit. Aspiration pneumonia
    ICD-10 code J69.0 Diagnostics Diagnosis Mandatory Level of consciousness, respiratory rate and effectiveness, heart rate, blood pressure, CVP, body temperature, skin condition R-graph of chest organs ECG Laboratory tests: hemoglobin, red blood cells, white blood cells, formula blood count, total protein, bilirubin, urea, creatinine, electrolytes, enzymes, blood coagulation
  11. Acute psychotic conditions (acute psychoses)
    DIAGNOSTICS Acute psychotic conditions include conditions characterized by a rapid rate of deployment, variety and variability of psychopathological symptoms, confusion, brightness and saturation of affective disorders. With severe severity of the condition - sudden changes and fluctuations in symptoms, chaotic, unfocused, impulsive actions or behavior
  12. Pneumonia Acute pneumonia.
    In pregnant women, pneumonia often proceeds more severely due to a decrease in the respiratory surface of the lungs, a high standing of the diaphragm, limiting lung excursion, and an additional burden on the cardiovascular system. The clinical picture of acute pneumonia is not different from that of non-pregnant. With the development of pneumonia shortly before childbirth, development should be delayed if possible
  13. Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia)
    Pneumonia in children is an acute infectious and inflammatory process of various etiologies. The mechanisms of the development of the disease are associated with a predominant lesion of the respiratory lungs. The respiratory departments of the lungs are the anatomical structures located behind the terminal bronchi - respiratory, alveolar passages and alveoli. The incidence of pneumonia in children in the first year of life
  14. Acute pneumonia
    Pneumonia is understood as an infectious disease characterized by focal lesions of the respiratory parts of the lungs with intra-alveolar exudation and accompanied by a febrile reaction and intoxication. The following types of pneumonia are distinguished: a) community-acquired (community-acquired), b) nosocomial (hospital, nasocomial), c) aspiration and abscessed, d) pneumonia with immunodeficiency
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