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Causes of dysbiosis in children.
Immediately after the birth of a person to light, his intestines are sterile, that is, does not contain a single bacterium. Hence, dysbiosis can not be. But immediately after birth, the process of formation of bacterial equilibrium begins (it lasts the first months of the child's life) - that is why early age is important for understanding the causes of dysbiosis. So:
Improper maternal hygiene — changes in the woman’s body during pregnancy prepare her for nursing: favorable conditions for the reproduction of lactobacilli are created on the skin of the areola, which, after moving to the baby’s intestine, will resist dysbiosis. The first time he takes the breast, the baby gets the dose of bacteria that he needs, which will colonize the intestines. If you wash your breasts with soap and water, all bacteria will be washed away - Nature's works for nothing - dysbacteriosis.
Late attachment to the breast - the sterile (as yet) intestines of the baby will be inhabited by the first bacteria that are found - dysbiosis.
Childbirth in the hospital is another reason for dysbiosis. After all, hospital strains may become the first to be found - paradoxically, but giving birth in a hospital (maternity hospital) environment has a negative effect on the health of the intestines of a small person. Because he risks immediately from birth to get acquainted with the so-called "hospital strains" - multi-resistant and very evil. This is not the best option dysbacteriosis.
An early transition of the child to artificial feeding will cause dysbiosis - the little one has no own immunity (in fact, is in the process of formation) - it receives immunity with milk. Take breast milk from a baby and it will become almost defenseless against infections. Dysbiosis is guaranteed to occur.
Other reasons for the lack of microbial equilibrium - resuscitation in newborns, low Apgar score and late attachment to the breast.
Diseases in infancy - also violate the immune system, and the use of a variety of drugs does not benefit the intestines - dysbacteriosis is very likely. If a newborn has a purulent infection after taking the medicine, it is necessary to normalize the microflora of the large intestine with the help of preparations containing bifidumbacterin.
Treatment of a child or mother with antibiotics is a direct cause of dysbiosis.
Medication, and above all antibiotics, both by the mother and the child in the first days of his life, has a strong influence on the development of infant dysbacteriosis. Long-term stay of the child in the maternity hospital creates an additional opportunity for colonization of his intestine with aggressive microorganisms from the environment. It has been established that if a child is in the maternity hospital for more than five days and he is prescribed certain medicines, then the normal microflora is regularly replaced by opportunistic microorganisms. In addition, both conditionally and frankly pathogenic microorganisms can get into his body.
The birth of a child by caesarean section makes it impossible for him to adapt to the microbial world by passing through the birth canal of the mother, which provides him with maternal microflora. A baby is born practically sterile, meeting face to face with a hostile army of microorganisms. Therefore, these children are at risk in terms of the development of dysbiosis.
Intestinal dysbiosis at an older age, when the child is already starting to go to kindergarten or school, can be caused by many factors. In the first place is the nature of power. The composition of the microflora can be affected by intestinal problems (for example, constipation), as well as inflammation associated with intestinal infection. Often dysbacteriosis occurs due to weakening of the immune system after surgery or an infectious disease.
Taking certain medications also affects the state of the microflora. The imbalance can be triggered by stress (for example, during the first visit to kindergarten). Dysbacteriosis develops under the action of radiation.
But there are diseases that cause dysbiosis very often. These include constipation and diarrhea of various origins, chronic gastroduodenitis, disordered intestinal absorption, chronic colon diseases, intolerance to certain foods, and food allergies. Another cause of dysbiosis is worms.
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Causes of dysbiosis in children.
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