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Psychological and pedagogical drainage development
L.S. Vigotsky respecting, scrupulously deep (sensitive) web to develop, and vidtak і for laying the foundations of creativity - preschool.
For development, creative and creative work is necessary for young people, especially for young children, their experimenters, posters for children, original decisions, and directions for inter-issues. Let us opt and preoccupy with children’s psychologic psychology, in a mature adult, ask your children. If I won the treasure, what is it to fill in? Непї creativity nepomіtno go to the viconanny іnstruktsіy dorogo. І. S. Korostelova and V. S. Rotenberg to reach the pool of the activities of the activist in a protest to the old one. The authoritarian henchman, goper_ka і emotsіyna coldnіst that bayudzhіst reduce the іnіtsіtivuyu, samost_іnіnіt ditini, wiklikuyut vivchenu bepomіchnіst, znevіru u vsnnіli, to get dead now.
Іsnuє kіlka poglyadіv psihologіv with a drive I will pour in organizatsiya ї є дорmozіz z doroslim on rozvitok uav that creative activity of children.
1. Creativity is laid in child perspective. Dorossy is guilty for permissiveness in the eyes of the creator, smut - do not dare to say in її samovirazhennі.
2. The turning of minds for rozvitku creativity without direct ї vzagmodії with the teacher. To cich minds J. Smіt vіdnіs:
• Fizichnі: nayavnіst materіv_v for creativity і і can іvlivostі be-ry and dіyatі them;
• Social-emotional relations - the growing atmosphere of a bezpek is inevitable, because there is no sign of ditina, it’s not the wickedness of a negative adult;
• Psychologicals - the formation of a child’s position in domestic freedom, rococost, a pseudo-rider to an intercourse until a voslennyh moody sensibilities in a dormitory of all the creative artists repinit ditini;
• Intelectual - creating creative tasks.
For the socially-psychological-pedagogical science of the authorities, the authorities of the optimal cooperation with the adult from the pragnennyam ditini before the self-repetition and self-creative creativity (MM M. Podd'yakov, O. M. D'yachenko, Z. M. Novlyanska, L. K. Balala K. Cotirlo)). Razrobylyutsya priyomi stimulyuvnya, zaochochennya, zats_kavlennya, v_dpratsyuvannya ohremih operatsіonalnyh nachivk (for example, with care, priyomіv sternovnya obravіv uyav). Widely active, active, active, formulated, dividing your life (D. B. Elkonin, A. P. Usov)
Vrahovuvati vіkovі osoblivost_ spіlkuvannya ditini with peers і grow up. O.Є.Kravtsova showed that the position of an adult in a special situation with children’s development was revealed. In spkilkuvannі with the youngest preschoolers of dorrosleys є the position of the ignorant, nevmіlyogo, schob for additional replіk і food to ditini roshhatiati template, show, scho one і and the same task can be solved in a different way. At 4–5 p. a stimulus ма zmagannya odnіltkami, yaky keruє dorosly: “Who will think about what you are looking for?"
From 1 to the head of the head of mind rozvitku uavi є included ditini in uyavnі situatsіі, de vona vikonu uyavnі dії - amusement, rozvagi (N. N. Palagіna). Storiit yavnu situatsіyu dorogulyomu add help create literature and folklore, igrshki. Dorosly proponu ditinі zobraziti deyakі dії kazkovyh heroes: "" expose, yak ... "(bigak hare, stribaє
Bilochka, Bіzhit chanterelle, walk vedmіd). The windrower is included in the spacing of a igrychka, rooted at the presence of a small one: “We have a yak axis. Yak you call Katya? And tse Marinochka.
Let’s be grappled at once. ”Proceedings Nabuwa self-sufficiency in the trunk of uyavnykh situatsіy, vikoristovuyuchshey appl.
At 3 p. the main story of the children of the victorist of the subject-in-the-job and the situation. The basis for the victorist zamіnnikіv є automatization vikonannya dіy with real objects: a spoon, a comb, a carpet.
Effectively, the problematic situations, they spontaneously ditinu shukati and vicorisovuvati subjects-deputies. For example, scrub, if you need to transport vantage, and vantazhnoi machines do not.
Order іz znayomimi objects іz closed functions in order to turn on the subject to include the subject of the function: boxes, coils, cloths, papa, natural material (cones, coniferous, acorn). Dealing with them, above all, in different situations in different situations, in different ways, Ditina has intensively mastered the deputies (E. V. Zvorigina, E. M. Gasparova and in.).
Okremoya uvagi merituzhu pitannya about the proclamation of a grown-up to childish fantasies. Byuduzhit, znevaga, neobrozichliv_st, gluzuvnya doroslich zdogo drive gliboko obrazhit ditinu, put the bar'yr at rozvitku uavy. For example, “Khlopchik to lie on kilimi i robit rukh, nibi pliva. Mati kazhe suvoro "Stop playing durnitsyami." Khlopchik pіdvoditsya і angrily I will translate: "Tse not kilim, but rіchka, I vzhe Mayzhe dopeliv to the shore, and those ...", і view the obrazy.
In rozvitku uavy doshkіlnika important role prodovzhuє vіdgravati little child book. When spriimani dityachi opovіdan, kazok sposterіgaєtsya two trends. In the spirit of Ditin, it is suggested to make a coercive text in the author's text, to punish the injustices, seize the weak. In a different way, look at the descriptions of the books in the life and addendum to rozbrat in nezrozumіl situatsiyah, deny, de good, de evil. It is clear that the rules of civilization are governed by the laws of the land.
At the middle and the most senior preschoolers, you can get used to the planuvati, program your own activities for you. Dorossy daє струinstruktsіі type: "think, yak ..," tell me, sco (yak) you will be Maluvati, you will have to grab,
potory for gr. It is important to read formuli rіznі for folding the ideas and realisovati їх. Ci zavdannya effectively virishuyusya when organizing the growth of productive types of activity.
What is important is formulating the context of rozvovogo rozvitku, zastanenya pіznavalno ї activism and self-help. Aja is aware of the need to bring food to "Choma?" And give them a look at them for help. Effectively, the problematic situations, the nature of the game, are not ready to be solved in any way possible.
VISNOVKI about psycho-pedagogical mind drainage development doykіlnika:
- preschool Vіk - sensitive for developing a project;
- rozvitok yavit ditin tisno povzanyan za zvitkom її ya creativity, zi becoming special features;
- for developing a creative creativity on a child-friendly дор position of a mature adult, a yada nadaє prostіr childish self-esteem, initiating, locking naimenshi show imagination of children;
- rozvitok uavit ditini vіdbuvatsya in group and in the productive types of species;
- Okremimy take shape for the time of time, and you will understand what is going on before the plan, before planning the next day, before turning off the situation; stimulating after five hours of reading children of literature; staging of creative zavda, problem situatsіy ігрового змісту.
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Psychological and pedagogical drainage development
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