Abstract. Intestinal infections and their prevention. Distinctive signs of intestinal infections from foodborne microbial poisoning, 2011
“Intestinal infections and their prevention. Distinctive signs of intestinal infections from food poisoning of microbial nature. Acute intestinal infections include typhoid fever, paratyphoids A and B, dysentery, cholera, infectious hepatitis, etc. This group of diseases is characterized by the same type of localization of the pathogen (intestine), the same mechanisms and ways of infection (fecal - oral, contact-household), similar intestinal manifestations of the disease (disorder of the function of the intestinal tract), as well as general principles of control and prevention. Sources of infection are only a sick person and a bacterium carrier; with the exception of paratyphoid fever, the source of which, besides humans, may be some animals (cattle, pigs, birds). A special role in the spread of intestinal infections belongs to the food and waterways, which is associated with long-term survival of pathogens in water and food.