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Adolescent medicine



Instruction Indicate one correct answer:

01/14. The maximum rate of blood pressure (in accordance with the method, recommendations of the Ministry of Health of the USSR, 1983) in girls is:

A) 120/70 mmHg st .;

B) 120/80 mm RT. st .;

B) PO / SO mmHg st .;

D) 140/80 mm RT. st .;

D) 140/80 mm RT. ct.

02/14. The indicator of borderline arterial hypertension in young men aged 15 to 17 years:

A) 140/80 mmHg st .;

B) 141-145 / 80-85 mm RT. st .;

B) 146/89 mmHg st .;

D) 147-160 / 89 mm RT. st .;

D) 1 * 0/90 mmHg. Art.

03/14. The index of arterial hypertension in people over the age of 18 is:

A) 140/80 mmHg st .;

B) 140/90 mm RT. Art .;;

B) 141-159 / 91-94 mmHg. st .;

D) 160/95 mm RT. st .;

D) everything is wrong.

04/14. The most characteristic of the secretory function of the stomach in adolescents is:

A) normal secretion;

B) increased secretion;

B) decreased secretion;

D) heterocholism;

D) all of the above.

05/14. Growth hormones in adolescents are:

A) growth hormone of the pituitary gland;

B) hormones, thyroid gland;

B) androgens of the adrenal glands and testicles;

G) insulin;

D) all of the above.

06/14. In adolescents to assess physical development should consider:

A) age in years;

B) body length in cm;

B) body weight in kg;

D) gender;

D) all of the above.

07/14. In boys, the first pubertal change is:

A) an increase in thyroid cartilage;

B) pubic hair;

B) voice mutation;

D) body hair;

E) axillary hair growth.

08/14. The average duration of puberty is:

A) 3 years;

B) 5 years:

B) 7 years;

D) 10 years;

D) 11 years.

09/14. Characteristic for acute bronchitis is everything except:

A) increased volume of bronchial secretion;

B) cough;

B) separation of sputum;

D) pain in the chest;

D) shortness of breath.

10/14. The leading symptoms of acute bronchitis are all but:

A) cough, often paroxysmal, painful;

B) cough, at the beginning dry, and then with mucous sputum;

B) expiratory dyspnea;

D) diffuse cyanosis;

D) a sadness behind the sternum after coughing.

11/14. The nature of sputum in the early stages of chronic bronchitis:

A) scanty mucosa;

B) mucopurulent;

B) purulent;

D) purulent with streaks of blood;

D) all of the above.

12/14. A characteristic feature of shortness of breath in chronic bronchitis is everything except:

A) shortness of breath only with significant physical exertion;

B) shortness of breath at night;

B) shortness of breath in the morning;

D) different ("day to day" does not have to be);

D) shortness of breath only with exacerbation of the process.

14.13.
A characteristic auscultatory symptom in the defeat of medium-sized bronchi in chronic bronchitis is:

A) dry wheezing;

B) dry buzzing rales;

B) medium bubbly wet rales;

D) crepitus;

D) sharply weakened vesicular breathing.

14.14. Medicines with a pronounced bronchodilator effect are not:

A) intal;

B) aminophylline;

B) berodual;

D) berotek;

D) theopec.

15.I5. Expectorants do not include:

A) broncholitin;

B) bromhexine;

B) infusion of thermopsis;

D) a solution of potassium iodide;

D) mucaltin.

14.16. Antitussive drugs prescribed for chronic bronchitis include:

A) libexin;

B) tusuprex;

B) ambroxol;

D) all of the above;

E) none of the above.

14.17. The clinical manifestations of acute focal pneumonia are:

A) fever;

B) cough;

B) sputum production;

D) chest pain;

D) all named.

14.18. Clinical signs of staphylococcal pneumonia are everything except:

A) acute onset in full health, or during the flu;

B) high fever with chills;

B) high fever with a single chill;

D) chest pain;

D) sputum mixed with blood.

14.19. Indications for combination antibiotic therapy are everything except:

A) temperature reduction after 72 hours;

B) an unknown pathogen;

B) the presence of mixed flora;

D) severe diseases that are not influenced by a specific antibiotic;

D) persistent infections.

14.20. The diagnosis of focal pulmonary tuberculosis is based on everything except:

A) the presence of focal changes in the lungs;

B) the absence of pronounced edvig in the hemogram;

B) an extended lesion of more than 2 segments;

D) localization of foci in C1 and C2;

D) all of the above.

14.21. The main clinical signs of exudative pleurisy are:

A) blunting percussion sound;

B) weakening of breathing;

B) restriction of diaphragm excursions;

D) displacement of the mediastinal organs;

D) all of the above.





































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Adolescent medicine

  1. ADOLESCENCE (FROM 11 TO 15 YEARS)
    Adolescence is associated with the restructuring of the child's body - puberty. Some children enter adolescence earlier, others later, a puberty crisis can occur at 11 or 13 years old. Beginning with a crisis, the entire period is usually difficult for both the child and adults close to him. Therefore, adolescence is sometimes called protracted
  2. TEENAGE YEARS
    The boundaries of adolescence are quite uncertain (from 9-11 to 14-15 years). Some children enter adolescence earlier, others later. The social situation of development Adolescence “begins” with a change in the social situation of development. In psychology, this period is called a transitional, difficult, critical age. This age was investigated by many prominent psychologists. First
  3. Adolescence (11-15 years)
    Adolescence is associated with the restructuring of the child's body - puberty. And although the lines of mental and physiological development do not go parallel, the boundaries of this period are rather vague. Some children enter adolescence earlier, others later, a puberty crisis can occur at 11 and 13 years old. Beginning with a crisis, the entire period is usually difficult for the child,
  4. ADOLESCENCE (FROM 11 TO 15 YEARS)
    Adolescence is associated with the restructuring of the child's body - puberty. And although the lines of mental and physiological development do not go parallel, the boundaries of this period vary significantly. Some children enter adolescence earlier, others later, a puberty crisis can occur at 11 or 13 years old. Beginning with a crisis, the entire period is usually difficult for the child,
  5. The crisis of adolescence
    A detailed analysis of foreign concepts of the causes and manifestations of the crisis of adolescence was carried out by D. I. Feldstein [15]. He indicates that the first who drew attention to a new social phenomenon - the teenage period of development, was J. Zh. Rousseau. In his novel Emil, published in 1762, he first drew attention to the psychological significance that this period has in human life. Russo
  6. ADOLESCENCE (13 - 16 years old)
    The adolescent period is not distinguished in all societies, but only with a high level of civilization. Industrial development leads to the fact that more and more time is required for public and professional education of children and, accordingly, the expansion of the framework of adolescence. The literature describes under different names: adolescent, transitional, puberty, puberty,
  7. Psychological neoplasms of adolescence
    Cognitive development in adolescence. Younger adolescents are characterized by an increase in cognitive activity (the “peak of curiosity” occurs in 11-12 years), an expansion of cognitive interests. In adolescence, the intellectual processes of a teenager are actively being improved. In Western psychology, the development of intelligence in adolescence is considered with
  8. PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN ADOLESCENCE
    Adolescence is the most difficult and difficult of all childhood ages, which is a period of personality formation. At this age, the foundations of morality are being formed, social attitudes are formed, attitude towards oneself, towards people, towards society. In addition, at a given age, character traits and the main forms of interpersonal behavior are stabilized. Among the many personality traits inherent in
  9. Adolescence in the light of different concepts
    There are many fundamental studies, hypotheses, and theories of adolescence. The “discovery” of adolescence in psychology is rightfully owned by S. Hall. Based on the theory of recapitulation developed by him, S. Hall believed that the adolescent stage in the development of the individual corresponds to the era of romanticism in the history of mankind and reproduces the era of chaos, when natural aspirations
  10. TEENAGE YEARS
    Adolescence is called transitional. During this period, significant changes occur in the body of the child. They are associated with the fact that at this time begins the period of puberty. There is an intensive physical development of the child. There is a significant development of the psyche. Significantly developing memory. The child possesses the ability to purposefully and randomly memorize what is studied at school
  11. Leading activities in adolescence
    The teenager continues to be a schoolboy; educational activity remains relevant, but psychologically recedes into the background. The main contradiction of the adolescent period is the child’s persistent desire to recognize his personality as adults in the absence of a real opportunity to establish himself among them. D.B. Elkonin believed that the leading activity of children
  12. Myths and realities of adolescence
    I will not be mistaken if I say that of all periods of a child’s development, the most puzzling, difficult and even dangerous is adolescence. This is the period that brings the biggest headache to parents and teachers, ordinary people and law enforcement agencies. This is the same period that gave rise to the concepts of “the problem of fathers and children” and “generational conflict”. Finally, this is the same age for which
  13. Leading activities in adolescence
    Studying the laws of level development of personality in ontogenesis and comparing preschool age with adolescence, D.I. Feldstein emphasizes that adolescence is once again the sensitive side of activity, emphasizing the development of relationships. The desire inherent in a preschooler to be like an adult, as if he were an adult, is transformed in a teenager into a need to be an adult, to be
  14. The main characteristics of a person in adolescence and youth
    In adolescence and youth (the period from 11 to 19 years) there is a further development of mental cognitive processes and the formation of personality. The most significant changes in the structure of mental cognitive processes in people who have reached adolescence are observed in the intellectual sphere. During this period, the formation of logical thinking skills takes place, and then
  15. The main characteristics of a person in adolescence and youth
    In adolescence and youth (the period from 11 to 19 years) there is a further development of mental cognitive processes and the formation of personality. The most significant changes in the structure of mental cognitive processes in people who have reached adolescence are observed in the intellectual sphere. During this period, the formation of logical thinking skills takes place, and then
  16. Psychological characteristics of adolescence
    A well-known domestic teacher A.P. Krakovsky, comparing the behaviors of primary schoolchildren and younger adolescents, whose age difference is only one year, states that adolescents are 6 times more likely to be stubborn, 9 times more likely to flaunt their shortcomings, 10 times more often contrast themselves with their parents. Total amount
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