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Classification of chronic inflammation.



Clinically distinguish between chronic inflammation that develops after acute and occurs de novo.

Morphologically distinguish chronic inflammation of infectious and non-infectious origin. Infectious inflammation, in turn, is specific and non-specific. The terms “specific” and “non-specific” inflammation are used in the context of a type of inflammation.

The histological features of chronic inflammation are used in descriptive classification. When, for example, the accumulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes leads to the development of a chronic abscess, then they speak of chronic purulent inflammation. When compact clusters of macrophages and the cells formed from them are formed, they speak of granulomatous inflammation.

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Classification of chronic inflammation.

  1. Productive and chronic inflammation. Granulomatosis. The morphology of specific and non-specific inflammation.
    1. Chronic inflammation is manifested by a simultaneous combination of 1. failed repair 2. angiogenesis, scarring 3. reactive changes 4. tissue damage 5. embolism 2. Causes of chronic inflammation 1. acute infection 2. persistent infection 3. prolonged exposure to toxic substances 3. Chronic inflammation characterized by 1. deposition of amyloid 2. mononuclear infiltration
  2. The course of inflammation. Acute and chronic inflammation
    The course of inflammation is determined by the reactivity of the body, the type, strength, and duration of the phlogogen. There are acute, subacute and chronic inflammation. Acute inflammation is characterized by: - ​​intense course and relatively short (usually 1-2, maximum up to 4-6 weeks) duration (depending on the damaged organ or tissue, the degree and scale of their alteration,
  3. Chronic inflammation of the tonsils (chronic tonsillitis)
    In children, this disease is common. Prerequisites for the development of chronic tonsillitis are anatomical, physiological and histological features, the presence of microflora in the gaps, and the violation of protective and adaptive mechanisms in the almond tissue. Most often, chronic tonsillitis begins after a sore throat. The inflammatory process in the tissues of the tonsils at the same time becomes chronic
  4. Chronic inflammation of the tonsils - chronic tonsillitis
    Chronic tonsillitis (tonsillitis chronica) is a common infectious disease with the localization of a chronic focus of infection in the tonsils with periodic exacerbations of tonsillitis. It is characterized by a violation of the general reactivity of the body, due to the ingestion of toxic infectious agents from the tonsils. Exacerbations of chronic tonsillitis (sore throat) when contagious
  5. INFLAMMATION: DEFINITION, ESSENCE, BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE. MEDIATORS OF INFLAMMATION. LOCAL AND GENERAL MANIFESTATIONS OF INFLAMMATION. ACUTE INFLAMMATION: ETIOLOGY, PATHOGENESIS. MORPHOLOGICAL MANIFESTATION OF EXUSDATIVE INFLAMMATION. RESULTS OF ACUTE INFLAMMATION
    Inflammation is a biological, and at the same time a key, general pathological process, the appropriateness of which is determined by its protective and adaptive function aimed at eliminating the damaging agent and repairing damaged tissue. In medicine, to indicate inflammation, the term "um" is added to the name of the organ in which the inflammatory process develops - myocarditis, bronchitis,
  6. Causes of chronic inflammation.
    All agents that cause cell damage and the development of an acute inflammatory response can persist, causing chronic inflammation. Chronic inflammation is caused by insoluble particles such as silicon, asbestos and other foreign bodies. Another cause of chronic inflammation is microorganisms, for example, mycobacterium tuberculosis and actinomycetes, against which the body has only
  7. Characterization of chronic inflammation.
    There are four main types of tissue reactions characteristic of chronic inflammation: acute inflammation of a damaging factor; healing - repair and regeneration; immune response. Acute inflammation is often found in chronic inflammation. Exudation is especially well presented in chronic suppurative inflammation. Pus, rich in polymorphonuclear leukocytes, is found in such
  8. Chronic pharyngeal inflammation
    The disease is divided into chronic simple (catarrhal), hypertrophic granulosa and chronic atrophic pharyngitis. Chronic pharyngitis (pharyngitis chronica) is a typical pharyngeal disease. In childhood, it is noted infrequently, mainly in the form of simple and hypertrophic forms. In middle-aged and elderly people, chronic pharyngitis is common
  9. Chronic inflammation of the maxillary sinus
    The most common are purulent, purulent-polypous, polypous and parietal hyperplastic forms of chronic sinusitis, somewhat less often - catarrhal, serous, allergic, rarely - cholesteatomic, necrotic and ozenous forms. Chronic sinus inflammation, as a rule, is a continuation of the acute process, which in a number of patients was repeated many times. Continuation of acute
  10. Chronic frontal sinus inflammation
    The most common cause of the transition of acute frontal sinusitis is a persistent violation of patency of the fronto-nasal canal, a decrease in the reactivity of the body, especially after common infectious diseases. This is facilitated by hypertrophy of the middle conch, significant curvature of the nasal septum, narrowness and curvature of the fronto-nasal canal, and a polypous process in the nasal cavity. In most
  11. Chronic inflammation of the cells of the ethmoid labyrinth
    Chronic inflammation of the cells of the ethmoid labyrinth (chronic ethmoiditis) usually begins after an acute illness. Often, acute and chronic inflammation of the maxillary or frontal and sphenoid sinuses leads to secondary damage to the cells of the ethmoid labyrinth, since they take a central position in relation to these sinuses. In this regard, chronic ethmoiditis is rare
  12. Middle ear chronic inflammation
    Causes Acute purulent otitis media of the middle ear, suffered from acute respiratory viral infections, scarlet fever, tonsillitis, measles, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, middle ear injury. Symptoms Frequent profuse suppuration from the ear with an unpleasant odor, hearing loss, periodic exacerbations of inflammation in the middle ear. Often, cholesteatom masses are released from the ear. Possible increase in temperature. First Aid Alcohol
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