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1. Is there a congenital form of syphilis? a) yes b) no The correct answer is: a 2. Is exudative-tissue reaction characteristic of the secondary period of syphilis: a) yes b) no The correct answer is: a 3. Indicate the constituent elements of gum: a) sclerosis b) lymphoid cells c) histiocytes d) leprosy balls Correct answer: b 4. What are the types of tissue reactions with acquired syphilis: a) productive-atrophic b) productive necrotic c) exudative-productive g) exudative-necrotic e) necrotic Correct answer: b 5. Select the morphological manifestations of the tertiary period of syphilis: a) solid chancre b) chronic intestinal inflammation c) gumma d) syphilis e) miliary gum Correct answer: in 6. Choose favorable gum outcomes: a) fistula formation b) scarring c) necrosis d) ulcers Correct answer: b 7. What changes are not characteristic of early congenital syphilis: a) interstitial syphilitic pneumonia b) miliary gumma of the lung c) diffuse interstitial hepatitis (flint liver) d) osteochondritis e) tooth deformation Correct answer: d 8. What changes are characteristic of late congenital syphilis: a) interstitial syphilitic pneumonia b) miliary gumma of the lung c) diffuse interstitial hepatitis (flint liver) d) osteochondritis e) tooth deformation Correct answer: d 9. Is a productive necrotic reaction characteristic for the secondary period of syphilis: a) yes b) no Correct answer: b 10. Is the normergic reaction of the body characteristic for the initial period of syphilis: a) yes b) no The correct answer is: a 11. Indicate which organs are affected in early congenital syphilis: a) lungs b) bones c) central nervous system g) liver e) all of the above Correct answer: b 12. Select the main components of chronic diffuse interstitial inflammation in the tertiary period of syphilis: a) lymphoid cells b) plasma cells c) vasculitis g) fibroblasts e) all of the above Correct answer: d 13. Neurosyphilis is characterized by all forms except: a) gummous b) purulent leptomeningitis c) simple form d) progressive paralysis d) spinal cord Correct answer: b fourteen.
Acquired syphilis is characterized by all tissue reactions except: a) exudative-necrotic b) exudative c) productive necrotic d) productive-infiltrative The correct answer is: a 15. What tissue reactions are characteristic for congenital syphilis: a) exudative-necrotic b) exudative c) productive necrotic d) productive-infiltrative The correct answer is: a 16. What morphological manifestations are characteristic of tertiary syphilis: a) chronic interstitial inflammation b) syphilis c) gummas d) solid chancre Correct answer: in 17. What morphological manifestations are characteristic of secondary syphilis: a) chronic interstitial inflammation b) syphilis c) gummas d) solid chancre Correct answer: b 18. Is exudative-tissue reaction characteristic for the tertiary period of syphilis: a) yes b) no Correct answer: b 19. Can the causative agent of syphilis penetrate through intact epidermis or mucosal epithelium: a) yes b) no Correct answer: b 20. List the ways of infection with syphilis: a) contact household b) transplacental c) wound surfaces of the skin and mucous membranes d) sexual d) everything is correct Correct answer: d 21. Is a hyperergic reaction characteristic of the secondary period of syphilis: a) yes b) no The correct answer is: a 22. Select the main components in the solid chancre during the primary period of syphilis: a) lymphoid cells b) epithelial cells c) white blood cells g) plasma cells e) all of the above Correct answer: d 23. What morphological manifestations are characteristic of the initial period of syphilis: a) chronic interstitial inflammation b) syphilis c) gummas d) solid chancre Correct answer: g 24. What morphological manifestations are characteristic of the secondary period of syphilis: a) chronic interstitial inflammation b) syphilis c) gummas d) solid chancre Correct answer: b 25. What morphological manifestations are characteristic of the tertiary period of syphilis: a) chronic interstitial inflammation b) syphilis c) gummas d) solid chancre Correct answer: in
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- CONGENITAL SYPHILIS. TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF SYPHILIS
The fact of transmission of syphilis to offspring was established in the late 15th - early 16th centuries. For several centuries, the question of the mechanism of transmission of syphilitic infection remained unclear. For centuries, the germinative hypothesis was dominant, according to which syphilis is transmitted to the fetus only by the father through a sperm that directly infects the egg cell. According to this view, a child with syphilis
- Congenital syphilis. Fetal syphilis
Under the influence of treponem, changes that occur in the placenta make it functionally inferior, as a result of which its intrauterine death occurs at the 6-7th month of pregnancy. The dead fruit is pushed out on the 3-4th day, usually in a macerated state. The macerated fruit, compared with a normally developing fruit of the same age, has significantly smaller sizes and weights. Leather
- SYPHILIS. PRIMARY PERIOD OF SYPHILIS
Currently, there is a large group of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Classification of STIs (WHO, 1982) Bacterial nature 1. Syphilis and other treponematoses (pint, frambesia, bezhel) 2. Gonorrhea 3. Chancroid 4. Venereal lymphogranulomatosis 5. Donovanosis 6. Urogenital chlamydia and Reiter’s disease 7. Urogenital mycoplasmosis (in t .h.
- The course of the secondary and tertiary periods of syphilis. Malignant course of syphilis
Secondary period. This period begins with the onset of the first generalized rashes (on average 2.5 months after infection) and lasts in most cases for 2–4 years. The duration of the secondary period is individual and is determined by the characteristics of the patient's immune system. In the secondary period, the most pronounced wave-like course of syphilis, i.e., alternation
- Tertiary syphilis. Congenital syphilis.
Tertiary syphilis. Congenital
- Treatment of patients with syphilis. Cure criterion. Clinical examination of patients with syphilis
- Syphilis Classification
1. Primary seronegative syphilis. 2. Primary seropositive syphilis. 3. Primary latent syphilis. This group includes patients who, during the entire first course of treatment, persistently negative standard serological reactions persist. 4. Secondary fresh syphilis. 5. Secondary recurrent syphilis. 6. Secondary latent syphilis. This group includes patients
- A. N. Rodionov. Syphilis, 2000
History Epidemiology Etiology Pathogenesis Reinfection and superinfection in syphilis Classification of syphilis General principles for the clinical diagnosis of syphilis Clinical manifestations of syphilis .......
- Abstract. Syphilis, 2010
Introduction: what is syphilis? General principles for the diagnosis of syphilis. Laboratory diagnosis of syphilis. How to interpret tests on
Syphilis is a chronic sexually transmitted disease caused by damage to the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs, bones and nervous system. Congenital syphilis is an infectious disease, the infection of which occurred from a mother with syphilis in the period of fetal development. Congenital syphilis develops as a result of the pathogen entering the fetus through the placenta.
DEFINITION Early congenital syphilis is an intrauterine infection that occurs in a child under the age of 2 years. EPIDEMIOLOGY The incidence rate of congenital syphilis per 100,000 children was 2.8 in 1998 compared with 0.04 in 1990. In 1998, 837 children with congenital syphilis were registered in Russia. CLASSIFICATION Distinguish manifest early congenital syphilis (with
- Congenital syphilis
Congenital syphilis (syphilis congenita) occurs due to infection of the fetus during pregnancy. In newborns, the development of acquired syphilis is also possible, which appears when a child is infected during childbirth. The source of infection of the fetus is only a mother with syphilis. The frequency of infection of children and the severity of congenital syphilis depend on the duration and
- CLASSIFICATION OF SYPHILIS
There are various classifications of syphilis, in which its clinical and epidemiological characteristics, the route of infection (acquired or congenital), and also the prognosis for patients depending on the timing of initiation of therapy are taken into account to varying degrees. The classification of syphilis, adopted in our country, is based on the principle of periodization of the clinical course of the disease, cardinal provisions
Syphilis? classic sexually transmitted disease. This disease is characterized by damage to the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs (cardiovascular system, stomach, liver), bone-joint and nervous systems. The cause of infection is a spiral-shaped microbe of pale treponema. The main feature of treponema is great mobility - each microbe of pale treponema during reproduction
- HIDDEN SYPHILIS
The detection of positive serological reactions in the blood is the basis for establishing the diagnosis of latent syphilis in people who do not have clinical signs of this disease. Latent syphilis can occur in patients who in the past had active manifestations of syphilis, resolving either independently or under the influence of insufficient specific treatment, or is a special form
- Syphilis (luez)
Cause In most cases, syphilis infection occurs through sexual contact. It is possible to transmit infection from a sick mother to the fetus during pregnancy, as well as during blood transfusion. Household infection is extremely rare. Symptoms A painless ulcer with a firm base appears at the site of the pathogen penetration into the body. 1-2 weeks after this, the nearest
- Syphilis of the nervous system
Syphilis of the nervous system occurs as a result of infection of the body with a pale spirochete. The nervous system is affected in 10% of cases of syphilis. Currently, syphilis of the nervous system has become a rare disease, characterized by an erased, atypical course, low-symptom and seroresistant forms. Two forms are distinguished: early and late neurosyphilis, reflecting the course and pathomorphological