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The main characteristics of a person in adolescence and youth

In adolescence and youth (the period from 11 to 19 years) there is a further development of mental cognitive processes and the formation of personality.

The most significant changes in the structure of mental cognitive processes in people who have reached adolescence are observed in the intellectual sphere.

During this period, the formation of logical thinking skills, and then theoretical thinking, occurs, logical memory develops. The creative abilities of adolescents are actively developing and an individual style of activity is being formed, which finds its expression in the style of thinking.

It should be noted that in high school, the development of cognitive processes of children reaches such a level that they are almost ready to perform all types of mental work of an adult, including the most complex. Cognitive processes are made more perfect and flexible, and the development of cognitive means very often outstrips personal development itself.

The development of the emotional sphere proceeds rapidly. For adolescence (11 to 14 years), a sharp change in moods and experiences, increased excitability, impulsivity are characteristic, the range of polar feelings is extremely large. At this age, there is the presence of a “teenage complex” that demonstrates the mood swings of adolescents, sometimes from unrestrained fun to despondency and vice versa, as well as a number of other polar qualities that act alternately.

The general growth of the teenager’s personality, the expansion of his interests, the development of self-awareness, a new experience of communication with peers - all this leads to an intensive growth of socially valuable impulses and experiences, such as empathy with others’s grief, the ability to selfless sacrifice, etc.

In the transition from adolescence to adolescence, self-knowledge loses emotional tension and exists against a calm emotional background.

The emotional life of youth is characterized not only by the experience of objective feelings (aimed at a specific event, person, phenomenon), but also by the formation of generalized feelings in young people (a sense of beauty, a sense of tragedy, a sense of humor, etc.). These feelings are already expressed in general, more or less stable worldviews of the personality.

At the age of 11 to 19 years, fundamental changes are taking place in the structure of the motivational sphere of a teenager. It acquires a hierarchical character, motives become not directly acting, but arising on the basis of a consciously made decision, many interests take on the character of a persistent attraction.

Significant changes are taking place in the motivational structure of the communication process: relations with parents and teachers lose their relevance, relations with peers become of paramount importance, the affiliative need for belonging to any group is clearly manifested.

Significant transformations occur in the nature of the motivation of educational and cognitive activity of adolescents.

One of the most important features of this period is the increased interest in issues of sexual development and in the sexual sphere.
Pronounced tender features of the sexual activity of adolescents are found.

Another feature of the motivational sphere of adolescents is the emergence of needs and motives that cause various behavioral deviations: drug addiction, alcoholism, smoking, criminal behavior.

The teenage period is very important in the development of the "I-concept", the formation of self-esteem as the main regulator of behavior and activity, which has a direct impact on the process of further self-knowledge, self-education and overall personality development.

During this period, young people actively form self-consciousness, develop their own independent system of standards of self-esteem and self-reliance, and more penetration into their inner world.

The teenager begins to realize his own peculiarity and originality. In his mind, there is a gradual reorientation from external evaluations (mainly parental to internal). Thus, a teenager gradually develops his own “I-concept”, which contributes to the further, conscious or unconscious, building of a young person’s behavior.

The behavior of a young man in his adolescence is determined by several factors: puberty of adolescents and the corresponding rapid changes occurring in his body, the marginal social status of the adolescent, as well as his individual characteristics that had formed by that time.

The desire to communicate with peers is so characteristic of adolescence and youth that it is called the teenage grouping reaction. Along with the obvious sex-role separation, the formation of mixed teenage youth groups is also observed.

In addition, the adolescent’s desire for release from guardianship by adults (emancipation reaction) is being actualized, which in some cases leads to more frequent and deepening conflicts with them. However, adolescents do not really want complete freedom, because they are not yet ready for it, they just want to have the right to their own choice, to responsibility for their words and actions.

In connection with puberty, young people are attracted to the opposite sex, which in boys and girls manifests itself qualitatively differently.

It should be noted that the leading development factors at this age are communication with peers and the manifestation of individual personality characteristics.
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The main characteristics of a person in adolescence and youth

  1. The main characteristics of a person in adolescence and youth
    In adolescence and youth (the period from 11 to 19 years) there is a further development of mental cognitive processes and the formation of personality. The most significant changes in the structure of mental cognitive processes in people who have reached adolescence are observed in the intellectual sphere. During this period, the formation of logical thinking skills takes place, and then
  2. The main characteristics of a person in preschool age
    In preschool age (a period of two to six years) there is a rapid development of all cognitive mental processes. At the first stage of this age period, the development of mental processes associated with the acquisition of an individual's sensory experience predominates. This category of mental cognitive processes includes sensation and perception. The development of perception in preschool age
  3. The main characteristics of a person in preschool age
    In preschool age (a period of two to six years) there is a rapid development of all cognitive mental processes. At the first stage of this age period, the development of mental processes associated with the acquisition of an individual's sensory experience predominates. This category of mental cognitive processes includes sensation and perception. The development of perception in preschool age
  4. The main characteristics of a person in primary school age
    The main feature of the development of the cognitive sphere of children of primary school age (period 6–11 years) is the transition of the child’s mental cognitive processes to a higher level. This, first of all, is expressed in the more arbitrary course of most mental processes (perception, attention, memory, perceptions), as well as in the formation of abstract logical forms of thinking in a child
  5. The main characteristics of a person in primary school age
    The main feature of the development of the cognitive sphere of children of primary school age (period 6–11 years) is the transition of the child’s mental cognitive processes to a higher level. This, first of all, is expressed in the more arbitrary course of most mental processes (perception, attention, memory, ideas), as well as in the formation of abstract logical forms in a child
  6. Youthful age (17-18 - 23 years). General characteristics of age
    Youthful age (17-18 - 23 years). general characteristics
  7. Psychology of youth
    Age limits - from 16 to 21 years. This age period of human development is divided into early (from 16 to 18 years) and late (from 18 to 21 years) youth. The specifics of human development at these stages are presented in table 5. The leading activity in youth is educational and professional activity. Psychological neoplasms of age - worldview, professional and personal self-determination,
  8. Characterization of significant life tasks in adolescence
    At various stages of the life path, a person solves certain tasks characteristic of a given period. In the domestic and foreign literature devoted to the consideration of adolescence, there is a sufficient complete description of the problems and contradictions that are solved at this age stage (Golovakha, 1988; Kon, 1989; Pryazhnikov, 1996; Shapovalenko, 2005, etc.). It can be noted that these tasks
  9. Psychological characteristics of adolescence
    A well-known domestic teacher A.P. Krakovsky, comparing the behaviors of primary schoolchildren and younger adolescents, whose age difference is only one year, states that adolescents are 6 times more stubborn in comparison with their younger comrades, 9 times more likely to flaunt their shortcomings, 10 times more often contrast themselves with their parents. Total amount
  10. The main characteristics of a person in various periods of his age development
    Plan 1. The main characteristics of a person during infancy. 2. The main characteristics of a person in preschool age. 3. The main characteristics of a person in primary school age. 4. The main characteristics of a person in adolescence and youth. 5. The main characteristics of a person during early adulthood. 6. The main characteristics of a person in the middle period
  11. The main characteristics of a person in various periods of his age development
    Plan 1. The main characteristics of a person during infancy. 2. The main characteristics of a person in preschool age. 3. The main characteristics of a person in primary school age. 4. The main characteristics of a person in adolescence and youth. 5. The main characteristics of a person during early adulthood. 6. The main characteristics of a person in the middle period
  12. The main psychological neoplasms of a person aged 13-17 years
    Neoplasms According to a psychological study in 1927. According to a psychological study in 1987. 1. Puberty. The natural roots of a developing person; a ripening appears its new appearance. This is the rebirth of man. A huge number of any ailments originates at this age. The birth of a new psyche is “suddenly” revealed inwardness.
  13. YOUTH CRISIS
    The crisis of adolescence resembles the crises of 1 year (speech regulation of behavior) and 7 years (normative regulation). At the age of 17, value-semantic self-regulation of behavior occurs. If a person learns to explain, and consequently, regulate his actions, then the need to explain his behavior willingly leads to the submission of these actions to new legislative schemes. The young
  14. The main characteristics of a person during middle adulthood
    In people who have reached the age of average adulthood (40-60 years), there is a relative decrease in the characteristics of psychophysical functions. However, this does not affect the functioning of the cognitive sphere of people of a given age period, does not reduce their performance and allows you to maintain labor and creative activity. The development of individual abilities continues throughout the middle
  15. The main characteristics of a person during middle adulthood
    In people who have reached the age of average adulthood (40 - 60 years), there is a relative decrease in the characteristics of psychophysical functions. However, this does not affect the functioning of the cognitive sphere of people of a given age period, does not reduce their performance and allows you to maintain labor and creative activity. The development of individual abilities continues throughout the middle
  16. The main characteristics of a person during early adulthood
    The development of cognitive mental processes during early adulthood (20–40 years) is of an uneven heterochronous nature. So, the development of psychophysiological functions continues at the initial stage of early adulthood and reaches its optimum by 25 years. Then the development of sensory-perceptual characteristics stabilizes and persists until the age of 40. At the same time, development
  17. The main characteristics of a person during early adulthood
    The development of cognitive mental processes during early adulthood (20 - 40 years) is uneven heterochronous. So, the development of psychophysiological functions continues at the initial stage of early adulthood and reaches its optimum by 25 years. Then the development of sensory-perceptual characteristics stabilizes and persists until the age of 40. At the same time, development
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