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ON THE INTERACTION OF INDIVIDUAL, PERSONAL AND SUBJECT-ACTIVITY DEVELOPMENT OF AN ADULT PERSON

One of the problems that acmeology should study at the theoretical and applied levels is to clarify the nature of the relationship between the development of man as a complex natural being (individual), as a product of social relations (personality) and as a subject of activity, primarily as a professional.



If we have in mind an adult and the achievement or failure to achieve acme at this stage of his development, then in reality there are really the most diverse relationships of the named "hypostases" in a person and their specific manifestations, if we compare different people.



Roughing up this diversity, with great certainty we can distinguish such variants of these relationships and their manifestations:

The individual development of a person is significantly ahead of his personal and subject-activity development.

The personal development of a person goes more intensively than his individual and subjective-activity development.

Subject-activity development leads in comparison with the other two "hypostases" of a person.

There is a relative correspondence between the rates of individual, personal, and subject-activity development.



In the first correlation, a person and all systems of his body reach the parameters corresponding to this time of his life by the beginning of his adulthood, and the assimilation by him of the basic values ​​of life, which would be manifested in him with a careful attitude to everything created by human labor, in humanity, in the demanding attitude to himself, in a deep understanding of his duties in relation to the Fatherland, etc., he is still not formed. The same thing is noted in him with regard to his development as a subject of labor. A steady, pronounced interest in any specialty is not found in him. He has no preparedness in the sense of at least a primary orientation in its specifics. Neither desire nor the ability to work are manifested in him.



Adult "undergrowths", to whom parents who are stupid as educators, did their utmost to prolong their childhood, and who in fact turn out to be socially parasites, illustrate this type of people well.



In the second ratio of the main "hypostases" of a person, the latter’s assimilation of the basic values ​​of life — a thrifty attitude to the planet Earth, humanity in relations with people, a careful attitude to objects of material and spiritual culture, attachment to the family, etc. — is ahead of the rate of physical maturation of a person, and he as a subject of labor, too, it may not yet develop the habit of a daily labor effort, be undecided in its calling, and have not yet taken any significant steps that would indicate that the choice essii carried him in recognition of his inclinations and abilities.



In high school and in the first year of university, there are still such students whose individual, personal, and subject-activity qualities correspond to the generalized characteristic of their development given above. True, it should be noted that among them there are also those in whom not only the development of personal, but also physical data is well advanced.



With the third correlation of the main "hypostases" of a person, which are here in mind, the latter can in some cases almost fanatically love to work, of course, at the level of his still relatively small physical abilities and poorly formed positive personal qualities. After all, we remember that A.S. Makarenko correctly noted that labor itself is a neutral process. He can equally form both the individualist and the collectivist, and the whole point is what kind of relationships between people are created in the process of labor.



Finally, if we consider the fourth correlation of the "hypostases" of the person that interests us, then it seems to be the most conducive to the optimal development of the person throughout the length of his life, including adulthood. Normal physical development, good physical well-being are one of the factors of not only more successful assimilation, but also the manifestation of the basic values ​​of life and culture, which are expressed in the motives of human behavior. A positive motivation, behind which, as a rule, is the emotional-needful core of the personality, is one of the indispensable components of the structure of a person as an active subject of activity. Although, of course, for the full development of a person as a subject of activity, whether this activity is cognition, labor, or some other activity, it is also necessary to form social motivation, which encourages one to engage in a specific, specific activity, and, of course, educate people who are specific this activity of inclinations and abilities.



And then, returning to the development of a person as an individual, for successful work in a number of specialties, a person is required not only a high level of physical health, but also a certain type of physique, type of higher nervous activity, level of energy that occurs during metabolic processes, etc.



Of course, we have to repeat once again that all the above options for the correlation of individual, personal and subject-activity development very roughly integrate the whole variety of correlations of levels of individual, personal and subject-activity development. As you know, firstly, the common exists only in the separate and through the separate, and secondly, each person is an individual.



Therefore, the uniqueness of the development of his body, changes in his personality even at the stage of adulthood, his formation at that time as a professional are characterized by uniqueness and a kind of uniqueness. However, scientific research, as a rule, has the result of generalization. And, as can be seen from the text, this logical move was also used in this work.



In addition to what has been said, the reader, getting acquainted with the text that was brought to his attention above, seems to be asking himself the whole time the question: the individual, personality, or subject-activity person can not only be at different levels of development, but they are very in a certain way affect both the development of each other and the development of a person as a whole as an individual.



Many, probably, who got acquainted with the biography of our great commander A.V. Suvorov, know such a page of her: A.V. Suvorov in his childhood was a frail, sickly child, and his parents predicted a civil career for him. But the early dream of A.V.Suvorov, to become not only a military, but also a commander, turned into a vocation, determined the attitude of Alexander Vasilyevich to his health. He developed for himself a whole system of physical exercises, introduced into his daily routine procedures that ensure hardening of the body and, strictly following them. achieved that until his very old age (this was shown by the most difficult passage through the Alps), his body, figuratively speaking, was in working condition, ensuring the activity of his general mind and will at the highest level of productivity. It seems that A.V.Suvorov’s steady habit of constantly maintaining his working capacity at a high level also contributed to the feature characteristic of him as a subject of military labor (let the reader forgive this terminology) is to find a solution in every military operation whose implementation would certainly lead to victory over the enemy. And behind all this, of course, there was a motivation, noblest in nature, by these victories to strengthen the power of their native Fatherland.



When we mean a person as an individual, as a person, as a subject of activity, then each of his "hypostases" actually appears before us as a very complex entity, each of which is characterized by its structure and components, which are leading in each of these structures. Moreover, these leading components in each of the main "hypostases" of a person are not completely identical in their subjective significance in different people. For this reason, and not only under the influence of objective circumstances in the conditions of their development, these components in each specific case leave their imprint on the overall picture of the development of a particular person.



So, for example, a person, when we consider him as an individual, may be undermined by his health due to his non-observance of his proper attitude to himself - excessive smoking, frequent drinking, lack of a strict sleep regimen, outdoor activities and work, erratic food, etc.
- Naturally, this will ultimately negatively affect the effectiveness of his work as a professional and will inevitably reduce the time interval for this person to perform his professional duties most productively. And this ultimately means that he will begin to regress earlier in development as a subject of activity.



Or, for example, another person, both during school and university studies, was used to perceiving everything that was taught as truth in the last resort, and he imperceptibly developed a trait expressed in rigorous execution of algorithms for solving production problems, exact adherence to any instructions, blindly following orders. These lack of own initiative, the underdevelopment of the independence of thought on its flip side have the lack of creativity in creativity, in committing acts that would bring something new, progressive to that field of activity that is fundamental for him. Before us again, therefore, is the non-optimal option of forming a professional, in the development of which there will not be the peak that is usually called acme.



Or, finally, a person, in his childhood, adolescence, and youth, grew up a universal minion who was convinced of his exceptional talent because he was able to grasp everything on the fly, and he did not form habits of everyday labor effort, and, as you know, to create everything extraordinary significant, you need not only intellect capable of creativity, but also hard work, labor, and labor again. And thus, we again have a negative example of the development of the subject of labor as a professional.



So far, there have been cases when the presence in the structure of one of the "hypostases" of a person of a negative trait, which played a dominant role, had a braking effect on the development of his other "hypostases" and on his movement to acme. But opposite cases are often encountered in life, when a positive quality, which plays a leading role in the structure of some kind of “hypostasis” —individual, personal, or subject-active — stimulated the development of other hypostases of a person or him as a whole.



In the case of the holistic development of the great Russian commander A.V.Suvorov, which was described above, the named dependence manifested itself in the brightest way. But we can recall other cases, just as convincingly confirming the presence of the named tendency.



Now it’s unfashionable to recall the feat of Nikolai Ostrovsky. But this is the clearest example of how the deepest conviction of N. Ostrovsky that he, although a deeply ill person, must overcome the disease and contribute to the construction of a new society. And in incredibly difficult conditions, under the influence of his conviction, he takes possession of the writer's skills and creates books that have had the strongest educational effect on any generation of youth. Or I.V.Michurin, fascinated by the idea of ​​creating new varieties of fruit plants, which has both theoretical and practical significance, makes an infinitely large number of attempts to breed previously unexperienced varieties. And he did all this not for himself, but for his compatriots, for humanity. A clearly strong humanistic motivation fueled his initiative and the productivity of his breeding work, performing which he acted as the subject of a completely definite specific activity.



No one forced the monk Nicholas Copernicus to sit by the telescope at night and look for evidence that subverts the old geocentric system widespread in people's minds and confirms the heliocentric system of the universe. But he, risking his life, did it. The property of his nature - not to be a dogmatist, not to yield to conformity, but to constantly search for the truth and prove it with irrefutable facts - determined his actions as a person and his actions as a subject of activity.



Continuing the consideration of the relationship of a person as an individual, personality and subject of activity and their possible manifestations in everyday life among different people, it will be justified to consider their relationship with the types of personalities of their owners, whether the latter are strategists, tactics or operationalists in building the length of their lives.



If a person, building his future, formulates for himself a goal of great importance not only for him, but also for the Fatherland (if this goal has a social character) and for the area of ​​work in which he is going to become or has already become a professional, and at the same time creates a program of step-by-step advancement towards this goal and then, sometimes in very difficult situations that arise in his life, finding solutions that bring him closer to his cherished goal, implements them, he shows high motivation, remarkable creativity, independent the reality of his will.



And the important condition for the realization of the goal far in time is the relative interdependence in the process of moving towards this goal of positive in nature and working on each other individual, personal and subjective activity characteristics of a person.



Such strategists, for whom the distant goal set by them in life, facilitated mobile interaction for those working to achieve the extraordinary result of their individual, personal, subjective-active "hypostases", in different fields of science were A.P. Aleksandrov, A.I. Berg, A.A. Ukhtomsky and others, in different areas of art - K.G. Paustovsky, S.T. Richter, G.V. Sviridov, K.S. Stanislavsky and others, in different areas of technology A.N. Krylov , E.O.Paton, A.N. Tupolev and others. Of course, there have always been strategists in other areas of activity, radically increase the highest values ​​of life and culture.



If we keep in mind the tactics, then for them the consistent conjugation to the highest level of the individual, personal and subjective-active "hypostasis" in a holistically unfolding process of their development is not characteristic. Such conjugation in them is observed sporadically and mainly at the moments of "insight", or more precisely - at the moments of the origin and implementation of some plan that inspires them to act. Based on these criteria, the tactics in science were and remain B.S. Gershunsky, E.D. Dneprov, V.P. Zinchenko, in art - E.A. Bystritskaya, L.G. Zykina, M.A. Ulyanov . When illustrating this thought, one hundred percent tactics from the ranks of politicians, military men, industrial managers, etc., immediately come to mind.



If we now look at the situation with the conjugation of their individual, personal and subjective-active hypostases and their manifestations among the so-called operationalists, then since the defining vector in prescribing their life expectancy is deficient (A. Maslow), i.e. simple everyday needs, although at the verbal level of human behavior they can be masked by conversations about their desire to affirm high spiritual values, the development of people such as individuals, personalities, and subjects of activity occurs, as a rule, when focusing on the stereotypes that are followed in their everyday life reference community for them, consisting of ordinary people. Therefore, not only goals, but also the motivation that promotes their advancement and the ways of achieving these goals in the field of people’s work in the type of operationalists, and in their organization of life, their leisure and family life, will have a mundane, not creative, but permeated by habituality and everydayness character .



Thus, the reader was offered an interpretation of the relationship between the individual, personal and subjective-active "hypostases" of a person and their manifestations that are often encountered in life. As was seen from the content of the text, the degree of development of each of these “hypostases” and, figuratively speaking, the positive or negative valency of each of them definitely affect the characteristics of the other two and the nature of the development of man as a whole. At the same time, an attempt was made to trace the connection between the socio-psychological type of a person’s personality and the qualities most often found in him, in which he appears to everyone as an individual, as a person, and as a subject of activity.



Of course, the disclosure of the problems contained in the text presented to the reader in no way can be considered complete. Скорее, они сформулированы как задачи, которые еще предстоит решить в дальнейших как теоретических, так и экспериментально-эмпирических исследованиях.
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О ВЗАИМОДЕЙСТВИИ ИНДИВИДНОГО, ЛИЧНОСТНОГО И СУБЪЕКТНО-ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТНОГО РАЗВИТИЯ ВЗРОСЛОГО ЧЕЛОВЕКА

  1. Выявление микро- и макроакме, достигаемых людьми в индивидном, личностном и субъектном развитии
    Поэтому следующей задачей, которую решает акмеология, является выяснение характеристик, которые должны быть сформированы у человека в дошкольном детстве, в младшем школьном возрасте, в годы отрочества и юности, чтобы он во всех отношениях смог успешно проявить себя на ступени зрелости. Вместе с тем понятно, что хотя характеристики человека как индивида, как личности и как субъекта
  2. Выявление микро- и макроакме, достигаемых людьми в индивидном, личностном и субъектном развитии
    Поэтому следующей задачей, которую решает акмеология, является выяснение характеристик, которые должны быть сформированы у человека в дошкольном детстве, в младшем школьном возрасте, в годы отрочества и юности, чтобы он во всех отношениях смог успешно проявить себя на ступени зрелости. Вместе с тем понятно, что хотя характеристики человека как индивида, как личности и как субъекта
  3. Субъектность и субъективность в акмеологическом развитии человека
    Необходимость изучения особенностей и выявления принципов действия человека как субъекта и феноменов субъектности и субъектной позиции приобретает особое значение, прежде всего, в контексте возможностей и способностей субъектного самоосуществления человека. Однако проблема субъекта и субъектности как сущностного свойства человека приобретает актуальность и в силу поднятия на новый уровень
  4. Стадии развития взрослого человека
    Периодизаций возрастного развития довольно много. Наиболее детально разработанными и содержательными являются периодизации развития в детстве и отрочестве. This is no coincidence. Первый этап в жизненном цикле человека -истоки, время становления и психических функций, и личностных образований; он очень значим в генетическом плане и хорошо изучен. В зрелости уже не будет качественных изменений
  5. Acmetechnological support of personal and professional development of a person by the acmeological service
    Plan 1. Acmeological service as a form of ensuring personal and professional development of a person. 2. The structure of the goals and objectives of the acmeological service. 3. Activities and functions of the acmeological service. 4. Technological equipment of the acmeological service. 5. Acmeologist as a subject of activity in the acmeological service. Key words: acmetechnological support
  6. Acmetechnological support of personal and professional development of a person by the acmeological service
    Plan 1. Acmeological service as a form of ensuring personal and professional development of a person. 2. The structure of the goals and objectives of the acmeological service. 3. Activities and functions of the acmeological service. 4. Technological equipment of the acmeological service. 5. Acmeologist as a subject of activity in the acmeological service. Key words: acmetechnological support
  7. Особенности развития субъективной реальности во взрослом периоде жизни человека
    Исследования в отечественной возрастной психологии были ориентированы преимущественно на детский и юношеский этапы развития человека. Основные закономерности и механизмы психического развития были сформулированы именно для этого интервала жизни. Складывалось представление, что за пределами школьного возраста психическое развитие человека прекращается. По крайней мере, в отечественной психологии
  8. "Акме" в личностном развитии человека
    План 1. Постиндустриальный вызов. 2. Личностная зрелость как основание профессионализма. 3. "Я" — социальное качество личности с психологическим статусом "Мы". 4. Профессиональная самореализация как путь личности к "акме". Ключевые слова: постиндустриальное общество, личность, акмическая личность, "Я", экзистенциональный, миссия, акме. — постиндустриальное общество —
  9. "Акме" в личностном развитии человека
    План 1. Постиндустриальный вызов. 2. Личностная зрелость как основание профессионализма. 3. "Я" – социальное качество личности с психологическим статусом "Мы". 4. Профессиональная самореализация как путь личности к "акме". Ключевые слова: постиндустриальное общество, личность, акмическая личность, "Я", экзистенциональный, миссия, акме. - постиндустриальное общество – стадия
  10. Бодалев А.А.. Вершина в развитии взрослого человека: характеристики и условия достижения, 1998
    Предлагаемая вниманию читателя книга относится к новой области человекознания — акмеологии. В ней освещаются объективные и субъективные условия и факторы, наличие которых позволяет человеку на определенном отрезке его жизненного пути выйти на вершину в своем развитии (достичь акме) как индивиду (сложнейшему живому существу), как личности и как высококлассному творчески проявляющему себя
  11. Вершина в развитии взрослого человека. Б.Г.АНАНЬЕВ - ПЕРВООТКРЫВАТЕЛЬ И ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬ СЛОЖНЕЙШИХ ПРОБЛЕМ ЧЕЛОВЕКОЗНАНИЯ
    В ряду выдающихся ученых России Борис Герасимович Ананьев занимает неповторимое и достойное место. Б.Г.Ананьев родился 14 августа 1907 года в городе Владикавказе в семье учителя. В 17 лет он закончил среднюю школу, а высшее образование получил в Горском политехническом институте в 1928 году. Учась в институте, одновременно работал ассистентом на кафедре психологии. По окончании института
  12. Acmeological service as a form of ensuring personal and professional development of a person
    The acmeological service is included as part of the system of acmetechnological support of personal and professional development of a person. It is a specially organized and structured set of means aimed at developing a person as a subject of professional activity. The legal basis for the acmeological service is provided by the Code
  13. PERSPECTIVE ACMEOLOGICAL CONCEPTS: SITUATIVE-PERSONAL-ACTIVITY CONCEPT AND CONCEPT OF CUMMULATIVE FACTOR CAUSES
    The construction of acmeological testing systems, personality studies is based on a number of theoretical principles and concepts. The most important of these is the concept of cumulative factor factors and the situational-personal-activity concept. The connection between them is the closest. The concept of cumulative factor factors is based on the fact that determinism in psychology is based on cumulation
  14. The main types of acmeological technologies for improving personal and professional development of a person
    The main types of acmeological technologies for improving personal and professional development
  15. The main types of acmeological technologies for improving personal and professional development of a person
    The main types of acmeological technologies for improving personal and professional development
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