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Sore throats. Etiology, symptoms, prevention, care for sick children

Angina is an acute infectious disease with a primary lesion of the tonsils.

Etiology. The causative agents of infection are staphylococci, streptococci, stable in the external environment. Predisposing factors: local and general hypothermia; decreased immunity. Possible routes of transmission: airborne; contact.

There are forms of angina: catarrhal, follicular, lacunar.

General symptoms: general weakness, malaise, fever;

sore throat, headache, aching joints; decreased appetite.

With purulent tonsillitis, lymph nodes are often enlarged and painful.

COMPLICATIONS: rheumatism, meningitis, otitis media, nephritis

Care for sick children: bed rest in a febrile period; plentiful warm drink, antipyretic (paracetamol, aspirin), physical cooling measures - at a body temperature above 38.5 ° C; gargling with solutions of furatsilina, iodinol; antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor.


Prevention - primary: timely rehabilitation of local foci of infection (carious teeth, chronic tonsillitis); elimination of the reasons hampering free breathing through the nose; hardening of the body, etc., secondary: placing the patient in a separate room; airing the room and carrying out wet cleaning; the selection of special utensils that are boiled after each use

or process des. means; limiting the patient’s contact with healthy children.
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Sore throats. Etiology, symptoms, prevention, care for sick children

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