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Sore throats. Etiology, symptoms, prevention, care for sick children
Angina is an acute infectious disease with a primary lesion of the tonsils.
Etiology. The causative agents of infection are staphylococci, streptococci, stable in the external environment. Predisposing factors: local and general hypothermia; decreased immunity. Possible routes of transmission: airborne; contact.
There are forms of angina: catarrhal, follicular, lacunar.
General symptoms: general weakness, malaise, fever;
sore throat, headache, aching joints; decreased appetite.
With purulent tonsillitis, lymph nodes are often enlarged and painful.
COMPLICATIONS: rheumatism, meningitis, otitis media, nephritis
Care for sick children: bed rest in a febrile period; plentiful warm drink, antipyretic (paracetamol, aspirin), physical cooling measures - at a body temperature above 38.5 ° C; gargling with solutions of furatsilina, iodinol; antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor.
Prevention - primary: timely rehabilitation of local foci of infection (carious teeth, chronic tonsillitis); elimination of the reasons hampering free breathing through the nose; hardening of the body, etc., secondary: placing the patient in a separate room; airing the room and carrying out wet cleaning; the selection of special utensils that are boiled after each use
or process des. means; limiting the patient’s contact with healthy children.
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Sore throats. Etiology, symptoms, prevention, care for sick children
- Flu. Etiology, symptoms, prevention, care for sick children
Influenza is an acute respiratory disease characterized by severe intoxication of the body and damage to the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. Etiology. The causative agent of influenza - a virus of three types A, B, C, has subtypes. Influenza viruses are unstable in the environment, quickly die when boiled, dried, exposed to ultraviolet rays. At t 0–4 ° C, viruses retain activity in
- Rickets and spasmophilia. Etiology, symptoms, care for sick children and prevention
Rickets - a disease associated with damage to the bone, muscle, nervous systems, internal organs due to hypovitaminosis D. Etiology. One of the main factors is vitamin D deficiency. In addition to improper feeding and nutritional deficiency of vitamin D, a violation of the formation of its active forms in the body with a lack of ultraviolet rays can also lead to it.
- SESSION 9 First aid for febrile illnesses. Thermometry technique. Emergency care for infectious diseases, their prevention. Patient care (gastric lavage, enemas). Curation of patients.
Purpose: To teach students the diffdiagnosis of febrile conditions and the rules of first aid. To familiarize with the main infectious diseases and measures for their prevention. To teach practical skills in caring for the sick and the basics of supervision. Test questions 1. What is called fever? The clinical picture. The degree of increase in body temperature. 2. Tell us about the method of thermometry.
- Prevention of tonsillitis and chronic tonsillitis
Prevention of chronic tonsillitis is largely a prophylaxis of tonsillitis and is carried out in two aspects - individual and social. Individual prevention consists in strengthening the body, increasing its resistance to infectious influences and adverse environmental conditions, especially to cold. Very often, angina develops after local or
- The definition of "patient care"
Patient care is a set of measures aimed at alleviating the patient's condition and creating optimal conditions for treatment. Nursing is divided into general, applied to all types of patients, depending on the severity of their condition, age, other characteristics and special, applied to patients of a certain type, for example, care for surgical patients. General care concerns
- A.B. Larichev. Care of patients in the intensive care unit, 2001
Educational-methodical manual for students. Organization of the intensive care unit. Resuscitation room. Intensive care unit. clinical and biochemical express laboratory. isolation wards. Cabinet for extracorporeal detoxification. Patient ICU. Patients with persistent vegetative state. Care for patients in a serious and unconscious state.
- Respiratory care
Patient care in the process of mechanical ventilation primarily includes a systematic change in body position (kinetotherapy), techniques for ensuring airway patency and prevention of lung atelectasis, the fight against infection, and patient nutrition. Positional therapy. The most important task is the fight against patient immobility and monotonous respiratory volume. Both that and another promotes violation
- Care for dying patients
Death is the cessation of spontaneous circulation and respiration, accompanied by an irreversible damage to all brain functions. The process of the onset of irreversible pathological changes in the body is called dying. There are several types of dying. The first group consists of patients dying with unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation with three possible outcomes: 1) death occurs immediately
- Care for patients in a serious and unconscious state
When organizing patient care in ICU, it is necessary to remember the critical importance of hygiene measures. The patient’s body is wiped daily with warm water with the addition of alcohol, vinegar or cologne, after putting oilcloth under it. To prevent hypothermia after this procedure, the patient is immediately wiped dry. In case of involuntary urination or defecation
- Differential diagnosis of angina Comparative signs of various forms of angina
- Critical care
Critical state is understood to mean the extreme degree of any pathology, which requires artificial replacement or support of vital functions [Zilber AP, 1995]. Allocate predagonia, agony and clinical death. Being a type of dying, they are characterized by an extreme degree of decompensation of blood circulation and respiration. Without immediate treatment, biological death inevitably occurs -
- Patient care. Injection
One of the most common manipulations that a medical professional should have is injection. Injections refer to the parenteral route of administration of drugs. Its distinctive feature is the rapid onset of effect from the moment of administration. In addition, drugs introduced in this way are not destroyed by the action of the constituents
- Patient care in the process of artificial and auxiliary ventilation
For a patient who provides respiratory support, regardless of whether it is a long-term or relatively short-term mechanical ventilation, whether it is an IVL method, the most rigorous observation should be established, and he needs the most careful care. Firstly, this patient has acute respiratory failure with severe respiratory failure, i.e. severe condition, or spontaneous breathing